cattle industry

Topics: Livestock, Agriculture, Meat Pages: 6 (2017 words) Published: October 29, 2014
With around 56.7 of worlds buffaloes, 12.5 cattle, 1.5 pigs and 3.1 poultry, India has the largest livestock sector in the world. Animal husbandry, being an integral part of the Gross Domestic Product, comprised 4 of the GDP and 26 of the agricultural GDP. Generating outputs worth Livestock Rs 2075 billion (at 2004-05 prices) in 2010-11, the total output worth was higher than the value of food grains. Livestock sector plays an important role in socio-economic development of rural households. Over the last two decades, livestock sector has grown at an annual rate of 5.6 percent, which is higher than the growth of agricultural sector (3.3 percent). The share of livestock in GDP also declined but not as steep as the share of agricultural sector. It remained between 5-6 until 2000-01 and then gradually declined to 3.9 in 2010-11. Nonetheless, the share of livestock in the agricultural GDP improved consistently from 15 in 1981-82 to 26 in 2010-11.The Livestock Insurance Scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme under which the crossbred and high yielding cattle and buffaloes are being insured at maximum of their current market price. The premium of the insurance is subsidized to the tune of 50. The entire cost of the subsidy is being borne by the Central Government. The benefit of subsidy is being provided to a maximum of 2 animals per beneficiary for a policy of maximum of three years. The scheme is being implemented in all states except Goa through the State Livestock Development Boards of respective states. The scheme is proposed to be extended to 100 old districts covered during pilot period and more species of livestock including indigenous cattle, yak mithun. The Livestock Insurance Scheme has been formulated with the twin objective of providing protection mechanism to the farmers and cattle keepers against any eventual loss of their animals due to death and to demonstrate the benefit of the insurance of livestock to the people. Livestock industry of Lucknow Out of the total livestock population, Uttar Pradesh accounts for 24 and 15 of the buffalo and cattle population respectively. Lucknow has been the hub of cattle trade market of Uttar Pradesh.The price for the cattle is based on several factors including The season of the year Time of the festivals Lactation period of the cattle Production capacity of the cattle The demand for cattle is governed by the following factors Price of cattle Mechanization of the ploughing process due to tractors Income of the farmers Increased demand for milk and meat products The major challenges like comparatively lower productivity, susceptibility of cross-bred cattle to various exotic animal diseases, shortage of feed/fodder, and adverse impact on account of climate change need to be addressed to sustain the growth in the sector of livestock. The Jabairgunj cattle market of Lucknow is a platform for trading of livestock. According to statistics, 3000 cattle are registered of which 1500 are traded on an average. The market follows a commission basis for both buying and selling through direct negotiation. This market also has Fodder outlets which the owners benefit from. The price of buffalo traded here varies from INR 30,000 to INR 80,000 and that of cow varies from INR 50,000 to INR 150,000. As per National Dairy Development Board, the percentage share of livestock sector in Indias GDP is on an increasing trend for the past 6 years, as shown below Figure 1.1 Contribution of Livestock sector in Indias GDP Figure 1.2 Livestock Population in India Figure 1.3 Livestock Population in and around Lucknow according to 18th Livestock Census It is evident from the above pie chart that the district has sizeable number of livestock specially the milch animals, which offers great potential to develop dairy and its related activities in the district. As per the ministry of minority affairs report of May, 2008, Overall surveyed households possess 1559 livestock in which young cattle...
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