Barriers to Effective Communication Paper

Topics: Communication, Criminal justice, Police Pages: 6 (1723 words) Published: December 9, 2012
Barriers to Effective Communication Paper
CJA/304- Interpersonal Communications

Barriers to Effective Communication Paper
Components of the Communication Process
The communication process is an interaction between the speaker and the audience or audiences where in a message is conveyed in a medium. The communication process consists of 5 basic components in order to be complete. The components are the speaker, the message, the medium, the audience and the feedback.

The speaker is the source of the information or message being transmitted in the communication process (Foulger, 2004). He or she is the initiates the process of communication as well as evaluates how the audience can effectively understand the message.

The message is the information being sent by the speaker and hopefully received and understood by the audience (Foulger, 2004). It should be noted that effective communication should ensure that the message sent by the speaker would be the same message received by the audience.

The next component of the communication process is the medium. The medium is the media in which information would be transmitted between the speaker and the receiver (Foulger, 2004). Traditional channels of communication include oral communication, through print and radio. However, as technology progresses, the number of mediums available also increase which can include electronic media (Foulger, 2004).

The audience is the intended receipt of the message or information being sent by the speaker (Foulger, 2004). It should be noted that the ability of the receiver to fully understand the message sent can be affected by a number of factors including the capability of speaker to effectively communicate and the receiver’s ability to listen to the message.

Finally, the feedback is relatively new component added to newer models of the communication process (Foulger, 2004). The feedback is the action of the receiver in response to the message of the speaker (Foulger, 2004). This can be in the form of compliance, response and even silence. The ability of the receiver to provide the right feedback can provide the speaker with proof that the message was properly conveyed to the receiver. Listening and Hearing

Of the mediums and channels available for communication, oral communication is the most commonly used in daily communication process. Thus, the effectiveness of communication process can be attributed to the ability of the receiver to listen to the speaker. In everyday cases, listening and hearing can be interchanged conveniently. However, in the communication process, listening and hearing have distinct differences that can aid in helping the sender deliver the message to the receiver (West & Turner, 2010, p 186).

Hearing is essentially the process where a person is able to pickup sound waves in the air through their eardrums (West & Turner, 2010, p 186). Daily, individuals are able to hear sounds or stimuli but essentially do not process all of these (West & Turner, 2010, p 187). For example, people constantly hear music and sound but try to block them off or not pay attention to them in order to concentrate more on what they are doing, perhaps, work, studying or having a conversation with others.

The main difference of hearing and listening lies whether the person is processing the stimuli or sound they are hearing from the environment usually from another individual (West & Turner, 2010, p 186). Here, the receiver is exerting effort in order to understand the message that the other person is trying to convey. The receiver would often affirm their ability to pay attention by interacting with the speaker as oppose to hearing where they disregard the stimuli (West & Turner, 2010, p 187).

Despite hearing being less favorable in the communication process than listening, it should be noted that listening is only possible if an individual is able to hear (West & Turner, 2010, p 187)....
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