Africa's Water Scarcity

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Rashad Peterkin
Dr. Ruth G. Kennedy
English 1110, Section 24
December 1, 2012

Water Scarcity in Kenya

What is water scarcity? Water Scarcity can be defined as the lack of access to freshwater to adequate quantities of water for human and or environmental uses. The scarcity of water in Africa has been a severe issue for decades. With over thirty six million people in their population and continuously growing, the scarcity of water is only getting worse. A lot of people in surrounding countries don’t think it’s a problem because it isn’t directly affecting them, which isn’t helping the problem.

The topic of my research is the issue of Water Scarcity in Kenya. The scarcity of water in Africa is especially severe an apparent in areas such as Kenya. In Kenya, these people are the poorest population in the entire world. According to Edward Bran, Water scarcity in Kenya has a wide-ranging impact on the population. (P.72) For over decades this has been an issue for Kenya, because of the scarcity of water only an extremely small amount of its land can be used for agricultural purposes.

The purpose of this research is to briefly investigate Kenya’s water scarcity and explore the causes of this serious problem. Edward Bran also said, until a nation united Kenya’s problem will continue to stand still. (p.117) Edward Bran is the author of the book The Scarcity of Water. When researching I started by thinking of possible questions to answer in which why their water is scarce. Is it because Kenya too over populated? Or maybe it’s because people don’t care enough to help? Overall, I wanted to know why specifically is Kenya’s area so severe instead of the rest of the country.

Africa is fundamentally a semi-arid and water scarce country in which only receives nine percent of its water being converted to runoff. Data shows that the first diminishing signs of the unavailability of water were between 1993 and 1996. Without proper technological advances the dry...
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