022 Sequence and Rate of Development

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Outcome 1: Understand the Expected Pattern of Development for Children and Young People From Birth to 19 Years

Explain the Difference Between Sequence of Development and Rate of Development and Why The Difference is Important.

All children develop at different rates, information and sources are only guidelines. These help to monitor what children can and can't do at certain stages in their lives. It also helps to plan effectively to ensure the child gets the attention they need, in the areas in which they find challenging. Physical development follows a definite sequence. A baby's physical development may begin with rolling over then sit up, crawl, walk, run. Another may sit up, walk, run missing out rolling over & crawling. Even though elements are missed the development still proceeds in what's viewed as an expected. While the sequences are common amongst most children what often changes is the rate in which they develop the skills. It is important to monitor a child's sequence and rate of development in order for us to determine the kind of help he/she will need and of whom they will need to be referred too.Explain How Children and Young People's Development is Influenced By a Range of Personal Factors

There are a variety of factors that will affect children and young peoples development, children’s development starts before the child is born for example :-

During pregnancy-: If the mother smokes ,takes drugs, becomes ill or suffers from stress or anxiety this can result in premature birth and health problems for the baby such as -: low birth weight, undeveloped organs, problems with sight and hearing. These are all problems that could delay their development. Some children are born with conditions that could affect their development such as a blood disorder.

Health-: health problems can be genetic or caused by the environment the child grows up in. If the child lives in poor quality houses with damp this could trigger asthma and other breathing problems .Poor diet could affect their development. Children with heath problems may miss time out of Preschool this would affect their social development such as making friends. Physical development would also be effected if a child feels unwell or restricted and are unable to join in.

Physical disabilities-: can put a child at a disadvantage in many ways e.g. If a child had restricted movements they may find it difficult to join in with things such as sport, putting building blocks together manipulating materials etc.

Sensory impairment –Visual or hearing. If a child has a hearing problem this would influence their development, it could affect their speech and communication and may make them feel they are unable to join in with other children’s games if they can’t communicate properly with them. Visual impairment can also influence a Childs development they are unable to watch and learn from what others are doing. Explain How Children and Young People's Development is Influenced By a Range of External Factors

External factors again can really effect a child’s learning, some of these could be:- • Poverty and deprivation poverty affects children in many ways, such as their education if children deprived of opportunities it can affect their life outcome and lead to low expectations and no motivation in life. Poverty can affect a Childs diet a poor diet can affect children’s development and growth and also their behaviour. • Family environment and background. In some homes education is not at the front of their things to do list. We can often see this where the parents/ carers are of a lower educational development. This could also show that there is no support at home as the parents do not understand the required educational elements needed to complete the work. • Personal choices. If a child or young person as decided for what ever reason they do not want to be educated or leave school before they finish their education, this is their choice and we...
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