2.1 Explain how children and young people’s development is influenced by a range of personal factors There are 5 main personal factors that can influence a child’s development, these are:- Health
If a child is in poor health then this will have an impact on their development. For example, a child with uncontrolled asthma or cystic fibrosis may not be able to run around and be as active as their peers. Therefore, this would mean that his physical development might not be the same. Not being able to play outside would almost certainly affect the social development, as children make many friendships on the playground and at after school clubs. Disability
A child in a wheelchair or with a serious physical impairment would find it hard to do many activities, particularity those that are physically demanding. Gross motor skills would be at a less developed rate than peers and fine motor skills may be affected if the child had little or no control over their limbs. Learning Difficulties
A child with learning problems may be many developmental years behind their peers; this will have a big impact on what they can do in all areas of development including physical skills, social skills and intellectual skills. They may find it especially hard to interact with children of the same age or stay interested in conversation. They may also need to have one-to-one lessons at school to help educate them as they may not be at the same cognitive stage as peers. This may leave them feeling left out, however, some children may have a learning disability that is severe enough for them not to realise they are different. Work experience
A 10 year old boy I work with has the development age of a 6 year old. He finds it hard to join in conversations with peers as they are often talking about things he does not understand. Physical education is difficult as most of the children are able to throw, catch, bat and kick a ball with accuracy and skill. He is unable to do this and gets cross...
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