Cache Level 3 Unit 18

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E1-Summarise the factors which may influence the health and development of babies in the first year of their lives. Environmental factors such as not having enough space in the garden for the baby to play and explore will influence their development as they may not be able to expand their gross and fine motor skills. ‘Generally, people with a high level of earnings enjoy a better lifestyle, with better housing, better food, warm clothes and own transport.’ (Meggit. C 2001 p9) Parents may not have enough money to fund for toys and equipment for the baby, which means they will not experience different experiences. Another factor is genetics which may influence the health and development of the baby. This is because some illnesses are inherited through genes. For example Down's syndrome, this has been resulted from a chromosomal abnormality. The baby can have problems such as heart defects and chest infections. Illnesses such as meningitis can cause epilepsy and hearing problems, whilst asthma is long term and the baby may need to have asthma pumps. The baby may have a poor appetite, constipation and may be feeling miserable, when they are ill. Their weight and height may be below average, if they have not been developing correctly due to illness. Antenatal factors also influence the development of the baby, as during the pregnancy the mother may have taken illegal drugs or alcohol. This can cause the baby to develop an addiction; due to this they will have to be weaned off of it. Infections can also pass through the umbilical cord such as rubella, which can leave the baby deaf or blind when born. When the baby is being delivered, there may be complications which can affect the baby's health such as lack of oxygen. This can be caused by the umbilical cord becoming entangled. As a result of this, the baby can be left with permanent brain damage. Using analgesic drugs during labour is also a risk. E2-Describe how indoor and outdoor environments can be made safe, reassuring and stimulating. The indoor environment can be made safe by making sure the children are never left alone, as this can cause accidents. There should always be the correct staff to baby ratio, which is 1:3. Whilst the baby sleeps, the practitioners should be aware of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and keep the baby at the end of the cot. Risk assessments should also be made inside and outside. ‘It is important that the environment children are playing in is regularly checked, before and during activities.’ (Tassoni P 2007 p193) Outside, the gates should be locked and the practitioner should follow the correct policies and procedures. There should be activities which are age / stage suited and that are supervised at all times. The indoor environment can be reassuring by having a key person who the baby will bond with. The practitioner can make sure the babies have individual routines, by working in partnership with parents, as they will find out about their child's personal needs. They can adapt their voice and body language so the baby will feel comfortable. The baby can also have a comforter when they are upset and have gradual settling in procedures. Whilst outdoors, they can be exposed to new experiences slowly. The practitioner can also support the baby if upset by strangers, as they are aware of them from 6 months. The environments can be made stimulating by having a variety of activities which build the babies sensory development, fine and gross motor skills. For example a treasury basket which has different natural objects in, this will encourage the baby to use their different senses. The displays can be low down so the babies can interact with them by touch. Whilst outdoors, the practitioner can take the babies to parks and let them explore nature. This will bring new natural textures to the baby. E3- Describe the expected stage of development of babies at the chosen age and how they may be expected to develop in the next two month of life. The...
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