"Solubility" Essays and Research Papers

Solubility

Marcela Rodriguez Ricardo Sarabia January 16, 2013 Mariana Mendoza Alvaro Puccini Maria Quin Solubility Lab Purpose: The main purpose of doing this lab is to learn how to interpret solubility graphs and how the temperature does affects the solubility of different substances. There are other objectives of the lab which are learning what are concentrated, diluted, supersaturated, and saturated substances and how can they be identified. The hypothesis...

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Solubility Lab

354-355 Experiment 2 SOLUBILITY 1. Part A. Solubility of Solid Compounds. Use your observations to complete the following table, rating each system as soluble, insoluble, or partially soluble. Organic Compound Benzophenone Water Methyl Alcohol Hexane Malonic acid Biphenyl 2. Considering the polarities of the compound and the solvent and the potential for hydrogen bonding, answer the following: a) There should be a difference in your results between the solubilities of biphenyl and benzophenone...

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Solubility And Recrystallization

non-polar while water is polar which is the reason why it did not dissolve in water. Benzoic acid dissolves in alcohol and sodium hydroxide mainly because carboxylic acids when reacted with bases like NaOH, they produce salt and water. Due to its high solubility and polar nature, phthalic acid dissolves in water. Resorcinol dissolves in water, alcohol and ether since it is acidic and the two OH groups make the system sufficiently polar, therefore it is soluble in polar solvent. Sodium naphthionate, on the...

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Solubility Postlab Report

 Week-2-Solubility Name: ___________________________________________________ Section: ______________ For Instructor Use Only POST-LAB REPORT FOR THE SOLUBILITY EXPERIMENT I) Conclusion: Write the conclusions regarding your observations and results obtained from each part 2A,...

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Recrystallization: Solvent and Solubility

RECRYSTALLIZATION OF ACETANILIDE ABSTRACT Recrystallization is the primary method for purifying solid organic compounds through the differences in solubility at different temperatures. In this experiment, a suitable solvent was first determined. Acetanilide was produced by acetylation of aniline with acetic anhydride. The crude acetanilide was dissolved in a solvent in a heating water bath. The hot solution was filtered and the filtrate, cooled slowly in an ice bath as crystals started forming...

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Effect of Temperature on Solubility Lab

Effect of Temperature on Solubility Lab Purpose: What is the solubility of minerals in water? What is the relationship between temperature and solubility? Hypothesis: If salt and sugar are each tested in water of varying temperatures, then salt and sugar's solubility will increase as the temperature also increases. Materials: Two 250 mL beakers Tap water 100 mL graduated cylinder Hot plate Two petri dishes Glass stirring rod Salt Sugar Thermometer ...

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Chemistry 12 Solubility Review

12 Review of Solubility Equilibrium 1. Identify each of the following as ionic or molecular substance: a. NaCl(aq) ________________________________ b. CH3COOH(aq) ___________________________ c. CCl4(l) _________________________________ d. HNO3(aq) ______________________________ e. C2H6(l) ________________________________ 2. A good way to test a liquid to see if it contains ions is to : 3. Define a saturated solution. 4. Define an unsaturated solution. 5. What is meant by solubility? 6. On the...

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Solubility of Ammonium Chloride

laboratory is to calculate the solubility of a substance under a variety of temperatures and construct a solubility curve based on experimental data to see the effect of temperature on solubility. Data collection and quantitative observation VOLUME H2O/ml/±0.05 TEMPERATURE/°C/±0.1 5.00 71.3 6.00 59.3 7.00 52.4 8.00 47.2 9.00 41.8 Mass of NaCl: 3.0±0.05 g Data Processing To calculate the solubility, we need to use the formula: Solving for x, the solubility of salt, we get the formula:...

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Solubility of Organic Compounds

Experiment 1: Solubility of Organic Compounds (Answers to Questions) Q1. State what types of inetmolecular forces are present in solutions formed due to intermolecular attractions between the solute and the solvent. A1. For Water-Soluble Compounds: Acetone – Water: Hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces Acetone – Diethyl Ether: Dipole – (induced) dipole and van der Waals forces Sucrose – Water: Hydrogen bonding and van der Waals forces Ethyl alcohol – Water: Hydrogen bonding...

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Solubility and Test Tube

differences in solubility. Insoluble impurities and colored impurities can be removed from hot solvent through the use of activated carbon and filtration. Soluble impurities remain in the cold solvent after recrystallization. The desired product should be as soluble as possible in hot solvent and as insoluble as possible in cold solvent. The selection of solvent is, therefore, critical to the successful recrystallization. Recrystallization is a purification procedure, which requires solubility of the...

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The solubility of Potassium Nitrate lab report.

The Solubility of Potassium Nitrate Aim: The aim of this experiment is to find out by how much the solubility of potassium nitrate into distilled water increases when the solution is heated, and if yes, by how much. Hypothesis: According to data on the internet, 3.75 × 10­¹ moles of potassium nitrate dissolve in 100g of water. I believe this information may be correct. I also believe that as the solute is absorbing outside heat, the energy is increased causing it to dissolve both faster, with...

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Solubility Equilibrium

Title: Study of Solubility Equilibrium Abstract The effect of temperature on the solubility product constant, Ksp, of potassium hydrogen tartrate in water was investigated in the temperature range of 285K to 318K at normal atmospheric pressure. It was found that the solubility of potassium hydrogen tartrate decreases with a decrease in temperature and consequently a smaller volume of sodium hydroxide is needed to neutralize it. The molar solubility of potassium hydrogen tartrate was calculated...

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Molar Solubility

Mateo Castro April 3, 2013 Lab Partner: Unur Abdul Kader T.A: Katie Experiment 22: Molar Solubility, Common-Ion Effect Abstract The purpose of this experiment was to determine the molar solubility, the solubility constant, and the effect of a common ion on the molar solubility of calcium hydroxide. To accomplish this the experiment was split into two parts; part A and Part B. in Part A of the experiment a standardized 0.05 M solution of HCl was titrated into a 25 mL solution of saturated...

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Solubility Product Determination

Solubility Product Determination Purpose • To determine the solubility product constant, Ksp, of an ionic compound. Introduction The solubility product constant, Ksp, is a particular type of equilibrium constant. The equilibrium is formed when an ionic solid dissolves in water to form a saturated solution. The equilibrium exists between the aqueous ions and the undissolved solid. A saturated solution contains the maximum concentration of ions of the substance that can dissolve at...

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Solubilities Within a Family Lab Report

Purpose/Objective The purpose of this experiment is to identify the periodic trends in the solubility of the alkaline earth metals and compare the results to that of lead Materials 1. Pencil 2. Lab notebook 3. 5 small test tubes 4. Droppers Chemicals 1. 0.2 M Mg(NO3)2 2. 0.2 M Ca(NO3)2 3. 0.2 M Sr(NO3)2 4. 0.2 M Ba(NO3)2 5. 0.2 M Pb(NO3)2 6. 1 M NaOH 7. 0.2 M NaBr 8. 0.2 M NaI 9. 0.2 M Na2SO4 10. 0.1 M Na2CO3 11. 0.2 M Na2C2O4 12. 1 M NaCl Data and Results Mg(NO3)2...

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Factors Affecting Solubility and Colligative Properties

Solubility refers to the maximum amount of solute that dissolves in a given amount of solvent at a particular temperature Factors Affecting Solubility 1. Effect of Temperature For some substances to dissolve in a given solvent, heat is absorbed. The reaction is endothermic. In this case, an increase in temperature increases solubility. For some substances, heat is released when they dissolve in a given solvent. The reaction is called exothermic. In this case, an increase in temperature...

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Lab #3 Solubility Product of Ca OH 2

PRACTICAL # 3 Title: Solubility Product of Ca(OH)2 Aim: To find the solubility and the solubility product of calcium hydroxide. Theory: Define, with equation, the solubility product. Find, from literature, the solubility product of calcium hydroxide at 25oC. Experimental: Reagents: solid calcium hydroxide, water, 0.1 moldm-3 hydrochloric acid Apparatus:...

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The Effect of the Different Forms of Acetaminophen on Solubility

The data collected supported the hypothesis and the tablets were significantly more dissolved than the gelcaps and caplets. This experiment could be changed by having a component stir the acetaminophen and the water together. Introduction The solubility of medicine is important because the quicker it dissolves, the quicker is can start working. There are many different forms of Acetaminophen on the market. This experiment is an attempt to discover which form of Acetaminophen will dissolve the quickest...

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Measuring the Solubility Product of Ca OH 2

Measuring the Solubility Product of Ca(OH)­2 Purpose: The purpose of this investigation is to find the solubility product (Ksp) of Ca(OH)2 by titrating the hydrochloric acid with calcium hydroxide and using their entities to find the concentration of Ca­2+ and OH- ions. Materials: Refer to lab sheet “Measuring the Solubility of Ca(OH)2” (handout) Method (Procedure): Refer to lab sheet “Measuring the Solubility of Ca(OH)2” (handout) Observations Trial 1 Trial 2 Initial burette reading 0mL 17.75mL...

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Investigate Factors Influencing the Solubility of Salts

INVESTIGATE FACTORS INFLUENCING THE SOLUBILITY OF SALTS Research question How does temperature affect the dissolving time of various salts.? Hypothesis I predict that with water of high temperature the salts will dissolve quicker. Controlled Variable Amount of water (solvent) Amount of salt used (solute) Type of cups taken and their sizes Independent variable Temperature of water Dependent variable Time taken for each salt to dissolve Material Required Measuring...

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Lesson Plan Solubility and Solubility Product Constant

School Topic : Solubility product of Constant (Ksp) Grade : XI Semester : 2 Time Allocated : 30 minutes I. Competency Standard Understanding properties, measuring method and applying of acid base solutions. II. Basic Competency Predicting precipitation from a reaction based on solubility and solubility product constant principle III. Indicator 1. Explain the meaning of Solubility Product Constant (Ksp) 2. Write down the Solubility Product Constant’s...

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Solubility Equilibrium-Common ion effect

Date Submitted: August 6, 2012 Experiment No. 4 Solubility Equilibrium- Common Ion Effect INTRODUCTION: The common ion effect is another example of Le Châtelier's Principle in action.The common ion effect tells us that the solubility of an ionic compound is decreased by the addition to the solution of another ionic compound that contains one of the ions involved in the solution It is also responsible for the reduction in solubility of an ionic precipitate when a soluble compound combining...

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Solubility

Solubility and Functional Groups _______________________________________________________ You will recall from general chemistry that a solution has two components: the solvent, which is the substance present in greater amount, and the solute, which is dissolved in the solvent. Solubility is defined as the mass (in grams) of solute dissolved in 100 g of solute at saturation. Molar solubility is defined as the amount (in moles) of solute per liter of saturated solution. The solubility of one compound...

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Study of Solubility Equilibrium of Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate

Study of Solubility Equilibrium of Potassium Hydrogen Tartrate Wang Haina 1. Aim 1. To determine the solubility of potassium hydrogen tartrate (KHT) at various temperatures from 10°C to 50 °C, and determine the corresponding Ksp at these temperatures. 2. To obtain the changes in enthalpy and entropy of the dissolution of KHT from the dependence of Ksp on temperature. 2. Results and discussion 2.1 Collection of data A portion of KHT (1 to 1.5 g) was added into about 100 mL of deionised...

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SOLUBILITY

Lab 3: Solubility of Organic Compounds Objectives: Understanding the relative solubility of organic compounds in various solvents. Exploration of the effect of polar groups on a nonpolar hydrocarbon skeleton. Introduction: The solubility of a solute (a dissolved substance) in a solvent (the dissolving medium) is the most important chemical principle underlying three major techniques you will study in the organic chemistry laboratory: crystallization, extraction, and chromatography...

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Solubility Lab

Purpose: To observe the reactions of specific aqueous solutions with specific aqueous reagents. Introduction: A solution is as a homogeneous mixture containing two or more substances. Reagents are added to solutions to create a chemical reaction or added to see if anything occurs. Reagents can be added to solutions to see if there is a presence of other substances. For example, iodine added to a lead solution. Iodine would be the reagent and would cause a chemical reaction confirming the presence...

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Study of Solubility Equilibrium

Experiment 1: Study of Solubility Equilibrium Data Treatment and Analysis Section 1: Solubility Product Constant Temperature (˚C) | Volume of NaOH used (mL) |   | |   | Titration 1 | Titration 2 | Average | 28 | 12.7 | 12.8 | 12.75 | 9 | 10.5 | 10.5 | 10.5 | 19 | 11.3 | 11.2 | 11.25 | 40 | 16.2 | 16.2 | 16.2 | 50 | 22.8 | 22.9 | 22.85 | Table 1: The volume of NaOH used in the titration at various temperatures. No. of moles of KHC4H4O6 = 1.45 g ÷ 188.177g/mol = 7.71 x 10-3mol ...

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Solubility

Megan  Ly   Chemistry  231L   February  20,  2013     SOLUBILITY     Purpose:  To  better  comprehend  solubility  behavior  by  investigating  the  solubility  of  various   substances  in  different  solvents,  looking  at  miscible  and  immiscible  pairs  of  liquids,  and   observing  the  solubility  of  organic  acids  and  bases.     Reference:  Pavia...

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solubility

solution that contains more dissolved substance than a saturated solution does. This occurs when a solution is prepared at a higher temperature and is then slowly cooled. This is a very unstable situation, so any disturbance causes precipitation. Solubility can be understood in terms of two factors: The natural tendency toward disorder favors dissolving. The relative forces between and within species must be considered. Stronger forces within solute species oppose dissolving. Stronger forces...

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Solubility Product Constant Handout

Solubility Product Constant Q: Write the equilibrium equation for a saturated solution of the following salts and the corresponding solubility product expressions. a) BaSO4 (s) b) MgF2 (s) c) Ag2S (s) d) Cu(IO3)2 (s) [ ][ [ [ A: [ ( Q: ) ] ][ ][ ] ] What is the equilibrium concentration of Cd2+ ions in a saturated solution made by shaking CdS(s) with water? Ksp = 6.0x10-27 for CdS. [ A: [ Q: ][ ] ][ ] ; ][ ] √ √ A solution in equilibrium with a precipitate of AgCl was found to contain...

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Solubility

Project on Saturated Solutions: Measuring Solubility iC BS E.c om Index 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. Certificate Acknowledgement Objective Introduction Basic concepts Materials and Equipment Experimental Procedure Observation Conclusion Result Precautions Bibliography iC BS E .co m CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the Project titled 'Saturated solutions: Measuring Solubility' was completed under my guidance and supervision by Roll No. ________...

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Determination of the Solubility Product Constant of Calcium Hydroxide

DETERMINATION OF THE SOLUBILITY PRODUCT CONSTANT OF CALCIUM HYDROXIDE ABSTRACT This experiment aimed to determine the solubility product constant (Ksp) of Ca(OH)2 as well as to evaluate the effects of common and non-common ions on its solubility. Ca(OH)2 solids were dissolved in eight various media: distilled water, 1.0 M KCl, 0.5 M KCl, 0.1 M KCl, 0.05 M KCl, 0.005 M KCl, 0.001 M KCl, and 0.1 M Ca(NO3)2. The concentration of dissociated OH- concentrations was determined by means of titrimetric...

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Solubility

affecting solubility 1. Effect of Temperature For some substances to dissolve in a given solvent, heat is absorbed. The reaction is endothermic. In this case, an increase in temperature increases solubility. For some substances, heat is released when they dissolve in a given solvent. The reaction is called exothermic. In this case, an increase in temperature decreases solubility. Generally, an increase in temperature in the solubility of solids in liquids increases solubility. But for solubility of gas...

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Solubility And StoichiometryI IntroductionThe First Purpose

Solubility and Stoichiometry I. Introduction The first purpose of this experiment is to apply solubility rules to choose two of eight given reactants to do a precipitation reaction. The second purpose is to use stoichiometry to calculate how much of a reactant will be used in a precipitation reaction, assuming that the amount of product is given, and to figure out the actual yield vs. the theoretical yield and to calculate the percent yield. The other purpose of this experiment is to practice the...

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Crystalization and Melting Points

Intro/Purpose: The purpose of this lab was to use crystallization to separate a compound from a solvent and be able to choose the best solvent to do so. Then identify an unknown and verify purity using melting points. Solubility contributes to crystallization; because a solute has lower solubility at lower temperatures, which makes the solvent separate from the solution as a solid. This process is important to understand because it is very effective in separating compounds so we can get a closer look at...

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gas laws

PROCEDURE A. Effect of temperature on solubility of a solid in water. a. Put 1g of KCl (Potassium Chloride) in 10 ml water with an ignition tube at 10°C, then shake and observe the solubility of KCl. b. Heat the solution to 40°C and not higher, then stir and observe its solubility. c. Add another gram of KCl in the mixture, then stir and observe the solubility. Heat the mixture in an 80°C water bath then shake and, once more, observe the solubility of the KCl. d. Repeat the procedure with...

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Determination of the Solubility Product Constant of Calcium Hydroxide

Determination of the Solubility Product Constant of Calcium Hydroxide Introduction The equilibrium constant for the solubility equilibrium between an ionic solid and its ions is called solubility constant [1] , Ksp of the solute. For example, the solubility product is defined by MxAy(s) ⇋xM(aq)y++ yA(aq)x- (1) Where M is the metal cation, A is the anion, x and y are the corresponding charges of the ions. The equilibrium expression is Ksp=[MY+]x[AX-]Y (2) ...

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Bondlab

* Add 10 g of each chemical to its own beaker * Add 1 conductivity meter to each beaker * Record if the chemicals are conductive in water or not Melting point Ethanol Solubility Water Solubility Conductivity DATA Chemicals | Melting Point (In Order) | Solubility (Ethanol) | Solubility (Water) | Conductivity | Group | Bond Type | Calcium Chloride | None | Insoluble | Soluble | Yes | 2 | Ionic | Citric Acid | 2nd | Soluble | Soluble | No | 1 | Covalent | Phenyl...

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Pre lab

Lab – Solubility Curve for Potassium Nitrate I. Purpose: To plot a solubility curve for potassium nitrate in aqueous solution. II. Safety: Wear eye protection throughout the experiment. Be cautious of hot water. Wash hands if you come into contact with potassium nitrate. III. Procedure: 1. Carefully weigh out your assigned mass of potassium nitrate on a piece of weigh paper. Carefully pour the sample into the large test tube. 2. Add 20. mL of distilled water to the tube...

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bjhjjk

Nov 23, 2011 AP Chemistry Problems? 1 answer Sep 9, 2011 What anions form precipitates? 2 answers Jun 25, 2010 What cations commonly form precipitates? 1 answer Oct 13, 2008 More results from answers.yahoo.com [DOC]Solubility Rules Lab 2 C12-1-02 umanitoba.ca/.../Solubility%20Rules%20Lab%20... University of Manitoba What do stalagmites and stalactites found in caverns have in common with the deposits found on old water ..... Which cations generally do not form precipitates? e Which Cations...

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Experiment 4 Formal Report

Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Santo Tomas ABSTRACT The experiment was executed in order to purify compounds through recrystallization. Recrystallization is the primary used operation for purifying solid organic compounds that differ in solubility at different temperature. It is a process of dissolving the solid to be crystallized in a hot solvent mixture and then cooling the solution slowly. The objective of the experiment is to purify crude acetanilide product. At the beginning of the experiment...

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LAB 3 Report

 name section date EXPERIMENT: Solubility and Solubility Curves Fill in all the information in boxes highlighted in yellow ! Use rules of significant figures; include units with each result. Data Table 1: Experimental Data Experiment Stage Total Mass of NH4Cl (g) Volume of Water (mL) Crystallization Temperature (°C) Convert to: g NH4Cl 100 mL H2O 1 2g 5.0 44°C 40g NH4Cl 2 2.2g 5.0 50°C 44g NH4Cl 3 2.4g 5.0 57°C 48g NH4Cl 4 2.6g 5.0 61°C 52g NH4Cl 5 2.8g 5.0 66°C 56g NH4Cl Data Table...

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the rate and order of a chemical reaction

 Effect of Temperature on Solubility of a Salt Ahmed Mohammed 17-nov-2013 Abstract In this experiment, you will study the effect of changing temperature on the amount of solutet will dissolve in a given amount of water. In this experiment, you will completely dissolve different quantities of potassium nitrate, KNO3, in the same volume of water at a high temperature. As each solution cools, you will monitor temperature using a computer-interfaced Temperature Probe...

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Chem Postlab Maeve

9-Samat | January 5, 2015 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION Solubility is the ability or property of a certain solute to dissolve in a particular solvent. [1] Miscibility, on the other hand, is the ability or property of substances to mix in all proportions or thoroughly. This term is usually used in the mixing of liquid substances. [2] In the experiment, the students observed the solubility and miscibility of some substances. Table 1 and 2 shows the solubility of salt, iodine, sugar, and naphthalene in different...

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Effect of pH ona food preservative

benzoate (C6H5COONa), made by Fresh Foods International (FFI), changed into a new substance in stomach acid. Stomach acid has a pH between 1 and 3 due to the hydrochloric acid content. Based on the net equation given in the book as well as the solubility of the product our hypothesis is that a new substance will form. Net reaction: C6H5COONa(aq) + HCl(aq)  C6H5COOH(s) + NaCl(aq) Upon completion of this experiment students will gain experience using common extraction techniques such...

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Lab report

MIXTURE INTO ITS COMPONENTS BY FRACTIONAL CRYSTALLIZATION Introduction: Fractional crystallization is one of the experimental techniques used to separate or purify mixture. Fractional crystallization makes use of the differences of solubility to separate the components of a mixture. Goals: Applying fractional crystallization to separate a mixture of salicylic acid and copper sulfate pentahydrate into its components. Calculate the percent of salicylic acid and copper sulfate pentahy-...

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Sleuth your slurry

Lead (III) nitrate, and to eliminate anions. 2. If the reaction with is soluble, it would allow me to narrow down my options to fewer suspected anions. Since only a few anions formed percipitates with Lead (III) nitrate according to my table of solubilities, it would be easier to eliminate anions. 3. This test requires a spot plate cleaned with distilled water and left uncontaminated. Then, after adding 2 drops of to one section of the plate, add 2 drops of unknown H. Record results, and then compare...

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Gen Chem 2: Solubility Product Constant

| [Solubility Product Constant] | Experiment 11 | | Molly McCabe | 4/18/2013 | | Data Tables: Part 1 and Part 2 Experimental Data: Standard | Calculated volume of copper sulfate in standards | Absorbance values | Blank | 0.0 mL | 0.0 | 1 | 1.25 mL | 0.094 | 2 | 3.75 mL | 0.065 | 3 | 2.50 mL | 0.099 | 4 | 3.50 mL | 0.129 | 5 | 5.00 mL | 0.187 | Collected Data | Test tube 1 | Test tube 2 | Test tube 3 | Test tube 4 | Test Tube 5 | Initial volume (mL) | 0.05...

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Chapter 8 Solution

as evaporation. SOLUBILITY * The maximum amount of solute that will dissolve in a given amount of solvent under a given set of conditions. * Expressed as grams of solute per 100 grams of solvent Effect of Temperature on Solubility * Most solids become more soluble in water with increasing temperature. * In contrast, gas solubilities in water decrease with increasing temperature. Effect of Pressure on Solubility * Pressure has little effect on the solubility of solids and liquids...

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General Chemistry, Ionic Reactions

produce a milky substance, they are insoulubale. All of my phosphates formed a insoluble precipitate which is correct accourding to the solubility rules. All of my iodine reactions should have been soluble, my exception was Sodium Iodide and Copper(II) Nitrate. My barium Nitrate combined with Sodium sulfate was insoluble with is correct accourding to the solubility rules. All reactions with Chloride should have been soluble and they were. All Bicarbonate were in soluble, these I thought were soluble...

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Physcial and Chemical Properties

Physical & Chemical Properties Data Table 1: Solubility or Reaction Substance Name Color Odor Effect of Heat Cold Water Hot Water Litmus test Dilute HCl Dilute NaOH Mg Silver None None None None Base Fizzes, gas, increased temperature None Cu Brown None None None None Base None None Zn Silver None None None None Base Fizzes None MgO White Slight odor None None Bubbles Base Dissolves, turns yellow, increased temperature None CuCO3 Green None ...

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Gravimetric Analysis

filterable, and very pure, and it should possess a known composition. For a successful gravimetric analysis, one must: • minimize impurities • minimize solubility of the precipitate • maximize particle size of the precipitate Reaction conditions can be adjusted to improve the quality of the precipitate: • cooling the solution will usually reduce solubility • larger particles are easier to filter (are retained on the filter and don’t clog it) and have less surface area for impurities to adsorb to ...

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Copper Synthesis Experiment

Experiment 1: Synthesis of Copper Compounds Introduction This experiment involves the synthesis of compounds originating from pure solid copper. By applying solubility rules and the reactive properties of substances, many compounds which would otherwise be costly to extract from nature are able to be synthesized in the laboratory. Laboratory synthesized may sometimes be more economical than natural extraction, however it poses its own problems with the amount of substance that is actually yielded...

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G2 P10 13 18

the following: (a.) The yield if the crystals in the solution is cooled to 290 K, where the solubility is 8.6 kg Ba(NO 3)2 per 100 kg water. (b.) The yield if cooled to 283 K, where the solubility is 7.0 kgBa(NO3)2per 100 kg water. F=100 kg solution Crystallizer 30.6 kg Ba(NO3)2/ 100kg H2O C kg Crystals Ba(NO3) Mw=26.14 S kg Solution 8.6 kg Ba(NO3)2/ 100kg H2O Basis 100 kg feedto 290K(17˚C), Solubility=8.6 kg Ba(NO ) /100kg A. Cool 3 2 H 2O H 2O Balance: Ba(NO3)2 Balance: SOLUTION W=10% of input...

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Reactions of Hydrocarbons

our alkane (Decalin). One would expect that non-polar solvents will dissolve alkanes because they are non polar as well 1. If the solvent did not dissolve in the alkane we heated the solution with a heat gun, because higher temperature increases solubility because energy in the form of heat can break bonds and allow for the molecules to join together. This is the reversed for a decrease in temperature the molecules move around less so there is less interaction between solute and solvent. We also...

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Experiment Anwer

KF 1(a) SOLUBILITY OF AN SALT BY TITRATION Date : __________________________ Name : _____________________________________________________ Matric no. : __________________________ 1. Objective(s) of Experiment To measure the change in solubility product of potassium periodate (KIO4), when an inert salt (NaNO3) is added to the solution. 2. Why important to determine solubility? The solubility product expression can be used for predicting whether or not precipitation will occur...

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Recrystallization

there are any impurities that have the same solubility as the main component, then a different solvent needs to be chosen.) When organic substances are synthesized in the laboratory or isolated from plants, they will obviously contain impurities. Several techniques for purifying these compounds have been developed. The most basic of these techniques for the purification of organic solids is recrystallization, which relies on the different solubilities of solutes in a solvent. Compounds, which are...

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Lab report: Extraction

2568)*100 = 89.6 % {like wise you all will need to calculate individual % recovery of the three compounds, assuming that 1 g each of the three compounds contained in the original mixture} I recovered 89.6% of my starting material. Because of solubility issues (difficulty dissolving all of the starting material) I know that some of the starting material never left the first flask. There was a green film all over the glassware indicating an incomplete transfer. Post-laboratory Questions 1. Why...

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chem lab 1

to predict whether a precipitate will form in a reaction, the solubility of the substances involved must be known. There are rules or guidelines determining solubility of substances. The product's' reaction with the lowest Solubility constant is the one that surely will precipitate in a chemical system. If something is soluble, a precipitate will form as a result of the reaction. To determine if something is soluble, use a solubility table. 3. In Reactant 2 form Table B, the gas that forms is carbon...

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Chem Lab Mixtures

naphthalene collected was .070g and after sublimation the weight of naphthalene was .095g. Next, extraction was observed in separation of the water insoluble solid. The NaCl was separated from the SiO2 because of the solubility of NaCl in water and the insolubility of SiO2 in water. Solubility is the ability of a substance to dissolve when in the presence of a certain solvent. The NaCl was said to dissolve leaving only the insoluble sea sand in the beaker with the water. Filtration was also observed in...

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