Solubility and Grams

Topics: Solubility, Ammonia, Solution Pages: 5 (1530 words) Published: October 18, 2014
Name

SOLUBILITY CURVES
Answer the following questions based
on the solubility curve below.
Which salt is least soluble in water ..
at 2O° C?
2. How many grams of potassium
chloride can be dissolved in 200 g
of water at 80° C?
IO
3. At 40° C, how much potassium

_ __nitrate coin be dissoiu$tl ^n 30D.g of
water?

------W-

'1

80
70

...- O --60
0 5©

40

4. Which salt shows the least change

30

In solubility from 0° - 100° C?

20
10

At 30° C, 90 g of sodium nitrate Is

0
20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Temperature (0 °C)

dissolved in 100 g of water. Is this
solution saturated , unsaturated or
supersaturated?

tat r
6. A saturated-solution-of-potassium chlorate is formed from one hundred grams of water. If the saturated solution is cooled from 80° C to 50° C, how many grams of precipitate are formed?

- -0 'I

4-V I

7. What compound shows a decrease in solubility from 0° to 100° C? 8. Which salt is most soluble at 10° C?
9. Which salt is least soluble at 50° C?
Which salt is least soluble at 90° C?
Chemistry IF8766

67

®instructlond Fair. Inc.

Date

Name
CHAPTER 16 REVIEW ACTIVITY

Class Text Reference : Section 16-9

Solubility Curves
Study the solubility curves in the figure , and then
answer the questions that follow.
1. What relationship exists between solubility
and temperature for most of the substances
shown?
2. a. What is the exception?

NN t i

b. What general principle accounts for this ex6
6"
ception?
3. a. Approximately how many grams of NaNO3
will dissolve in 100 g of water at 20°C?
b. How many grams will dissolve at 60°C?

L How many grams of NHgC1 will dissolve in
= R.
1 dam'- of H2O at 50°C?
o

5. Ninety grams of NaNO3 is added to 100 g of H2O
at 0°C. With constant stirring, to what temperature
C must the solution be raised to produce a saturated

solution with no solid NaNO3 remaining?
6. A saturated solution of KC103 was made with
300 g of H2O at 40°C. How much KCIOa could be
recovered by evaporating the solution to dryness?
7. Five hundred grams of water is used to make a

^saturated solution of KCI at 10°C. How many more
grams of KCI could be dissolved if the tem„ perature were raised to 100°C? 8. A saturated solution of KNO3 in 200 g of H2O at
50°C is cooled to 20°C. How much KNO3 will precipitate out of solution?

COPYRIGHT by Prentice Hall, Inc.

Reproduction of this master is restricted to duplication for classroom use only.

CHEMISTRY: The Study of Matter

16-11

SCIENCE
' Solubility Calculations

1. Calculate the maximum number of grams of each solute that can be dissolved; b) sodium chloride in 1250 um3
c) sodium nitrate in 50 crag
a) potassium nitrate in 300 cm3
of water at 400 C.
of water at 0° C.
of water at 80° C.
X

H7

3

2. Calculate the minimum volume of water needed to dissolve; b) 10.0 g of potassium nitrate
a) 500 g of sodium chloride
in water at 0° C.
in water at 100° C.

c) 1.00 kg of sodium nitrate
in water at 50° C.

x

3. Calculate the temperature the water must be to just dissolve;

a) 80.0 g of potassium nitrate
in 200 cm3 of water.

b) 60.0 g of potassium nitrate
in 50 cm3 of water.

X

4. Calculate the mass of precipitate in each case below;
a) a saturated solution of sodium nitrate
in 400 cm3 of water at 100° C is made.
The temperature i s then changed to 13° C.

c) 500.0 g of sodium nitrate
in 500 cm3 of water.

a<

b) a saturated solution of potassium nitrate
in 250 cm3 of water at 80° C is made.
The temperature is then changed to 8° C.

w,

3. The dissolving of both salt and sugar involves the solid separating into particles too small to see. The salt solution contains ions of sodium and chlorine and will conduct a current, while the sugar dissolves to release sugar molecules, so its solution will not conduct electricity.

Try This Activity: Substances i n Water
(Page 265)
(a) The potassium...
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