"Carboxylic Acid" Essays and Research Papers

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Carboxylic Acid

Exercise No. 8 CARBOXYLIC ACIDS AND ACID DERIVATIVES I. OBJECTIVES: • To investigate the physical and chemical properties of Carboxylic acid and its derivatives • To understand the reactions of carboxylic compounds and derivatives. II. EXPERIMENTAL RESULTS  Solubility of Carboxylic acids in 10% NaHCO¬3  Acetic acid - formation of bubbles  Benzoic acid - formation of bubbles  Test for Acetic acid  NaOH + Acetic acid - blue litmus paper turned red  NaOH + Acetic acid + FeCl3 - red colored...

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CARBOXYLIC ACID

 CARBOXYLIC ACID Introduction: Organic compounds containing (–C(O)–OH) as a functional group are called carboxylic acids. The –C (O)-OH group which itself is made up of a carbonyl group (>C=O) and a hydroxyl group (-OH) is called a carboxyl group (carb from carbonyl and oxyl from hydroxyl group). Carboxylic acid may be an aliphatic or an aromatic depending upon whether –C–OH is attached to an alkyl group ( or a hydrogen atom) or an aryl group. Their general formulas are; ALIPHATIC CARBOXYLIC...

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Carboxylic Acid

bs-biology MW 1:00 - 2:30 & 3:00 – 6:00 A carboxylic acid   is an organic acid characterized by the presence of at least one carboxyl group. The general formula of a carboxylic acid is R-COOH, where R is some monovalent functional group. A carboxyl group (or carboxy) is a functional group consisting of a carbonyl (RR'C=O) and a hydroxyl (R-O-H), which has the formula -C(=O)OH, usually written as -COOH or -CO2H. Carboxylic acids are Brønsted-Lowry acids because they are proton (H+) donors. They are...

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Benzoic Acid

BENZOIC ACID & BENZOATES (210 –218) • Retards growth of bacteria and yeasts • Occurs naturally in many foods – a similar distribution to salicylate (but at a lower dose than as an additive) • Common food sources: Soft drink, cordial, fruit juice and cider Liquid essences and syrups Iceblocks, jelly, low joule jam, dips, pickles, olives Fish marinades and preserves • PABA (para-amino-benzoic-acid)...

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Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives. Laboratory Report

Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives Ma. Marielle M. Medura Prof. Emma Boncales Chem 23A (TTH 01:00-4:00 p.m) Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives I. Introduction Carboxylic acids is an organic compound that contains a carboxylic group(-COOH). Its general formula is R-C=OOH with R referring to the rest of the molecule such as H and C. They are directly attached to a carbonyl group and the interaction between them affects the reactions of each. The polarity of the O-H bond...

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Functional Group Analysis

arrangement of groups around the carbonyl carbon atom. The carbon atom is sp2 hybridized, On the other hand, the acidic compounds are the carboxylic acids and the phenols. The carboxylic acids have the general formula of The functional group, is called the carboxyl group (carbonyl + hydroxyl). Further, phenols are commonly known carbolic acids. The presence of the hydroxyl groups in the molecules of phenols means that phenols are like alcohols in being able to form strong intermolecular...

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Classification Tests for Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives

Classification Tests for Carboxylic Acid and Derivatives Mary Catherine Sarte, John Emmanuel Sy, Allurie Umel,Franklin Yap, Mary Christine YouIntroduction Carboxylic acids derivatives are simply groupsof compounds that contain a carbonyl group butwith an electronegative atom attached to thecarbon. The difference in the structure leads to amajor change in reactivity. The reactions of thesegroups of compounds involve nucleophilicsubstitution. Although there are abundant kindsof carboxylic acid derivatives...

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Testing for Alkene Functional Group

develop diagnostic reactions to test for their presence in an organic molecule. Common functional groups found in organic molecules are listed below: * Alkene * Primary alcohol * Tertiary alcohol * Aldehyde * Ketone * Carboxylic acid * Ester * Halogen alkane * Phenol Alkene In organic chemistry, an alkene is an unsaturated chemical compound. This means it contains a carbon – carbon bond. All alkenes are hydrocarbons, (a molecule made of carbon and hydrogen...

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Organic Chemistry: Course Outcome

governing the physical and chemical properties of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acid, carboxylic acid derivatives and amines. Write, explain and solve problems related the reaction mechanisms for nucleophilic addtition of carbonyl compounds and nucleophilic acyl substitution of carboxylic acids and their derivatives. Develop synthetic methods for preparations of various types of aldehydes, ketones, carboxylic acids, carboxylic acid derivatives and amines. Plan, conduct, observe and report experiments...

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The Aldehyde Enigma

Esmeralda Curiel Organic Chemistry November 11, 2014 Experiment 62 – The Aldehyde Enigma INTRODUCTION In the Cannizaro reaction an aldehyde is simultaneously reduced into its primary alcohol form and also oxidized into it's carboxylic acid form. The purpose of this experiment is to isolate, purify and identify compounds 1 and 2 which contain 4-chlorobenzaldehyde, methanol, and aqueous potassium hydroxide. Compounds 1 and 2 are purified by crystallization. . The purified product will be characterized...

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