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    of solvent extraction‚ also known as liquid-liquid extraction‚ a method of separating two materials with different physical and/or chemical properties. Two methods of evaporation will be used to finally determine the concentration of impurity- one using an explosion-proof hot-plate‚ and one using a rotovap. III. Theory Fig. 1a+1b. Figure 1a shows how water and oil separate in the separatory funnel‚ while figure 1b shows the actual apparatus. Liquid-Liquid extraction is a versatile and dependable

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    The Viscosity of Liquids

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    39. The Viscosity of Liquids After studying the present lecture‚ you will be able to Define viscosity and viscosity coefficient Outline the method to measure viscosity using Ostwald viscometer Determine the average molecular weight of a polymer Determine the surface concentration of 1-butanol in aqueous solution Measure the distribution coefficient of a solute betweenn two solvents 39.1 Introduction Viscosity‚ one of the transport properties‚ arises because of intermolecular attractive and

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    Liquid and Evaporation

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    Rate of Evaporation of Different Liquids Objective of the Project This project is of the rate of evaporation of different liquid‚ in which we also discuss the factors which affect the rate of liquid. Introduction When liquid is placed in an open vessel. It slowly escapes into gaseous phase ventually leaving the vessel empty. This phenomenon is known as vaporization or evaporation. Evaporation of liquids can be explained in the terms of kinetic molecular model although there

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    Viscosities of Liquids

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    certain fluid. In this experiment two solutions are used. According to the definition of viscosity mobile liquids have a relatively low viscosity. Fluidity is the reciprocal of viscosity‚ given as equation 1: F=1/ η. Fluidity is advantageous because solutions of mixed solutions of nonassociating liquids are roughly additive. In this experiment binary solutions are used‚ so if each pure liquid has fluidities Fa and Fb‚ the fluidity of a mixture is given by: Equation1 (Halpern‚ 17-3).

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    Liquid and Solid

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    Name:Shin Park|Date:06/14/2013| Exp 5: Liquids and Solids|Lab Section: | Data Table: Boiling Point Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Temperature when the last bubble has emerged ___83_˚C __82__˚C __82__˚C Average temperature from all three trials ___82.33_˚C % error ___.0849_% Melting Point Trial 1 Trial 2 Trial 3 Temperature when the acetamide melts __82__˚C _81___˚C __82__˚C Average temperature from all three trials ___81.66_˚C % error

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    Liquids and Solids

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    Liquids & Solids Pre Lab Questions: 3pts 1. What are the learning goals of this lab? The learning goal of this experiment is to view and experience the melting point and boiling point of different substances. 2. Why is acetamide not allowed in contact with your skin? What precautions does one have to take to work with this chemical? Acetamide is a carcinogen‚ which can cause cancer. Therefore‚ it should not be allowed to come in contact with a person’s skin. Any person working with this chemical

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    Liquids and Solids

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    Date of Experiment October 7‚ 2012 Report Submitted: October 7‚ 2012 Title: Liquids and Solids Purpose: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the boiling point of liquids and the melting point of solids. Procedure: I got all of my materials together and set up. I poured rubbing alcohol in a beaker and rubber banded it with the thermometer. I logged the last bubble that came out of the capillary tubes. After that I crushed the acetamide and carefully put it in the capillary tube

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    Liquids And Solids

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    Ocean County College Department of Chemistry Liquids and Solids Date Submitted: June 21‚ 2015 Date Performed: June 19‚ 2015 Lab Section: Chem-181DL1 Course Instructor: Prof. Amal Bassa Purpose The purpose of this experiment was to determine the boiling point of isopropyl alcohol and determine the melting point of acetamide. Procedure To begin I tied the test tube and thermometer together and inserted an inverted closed-end capillary tube into the test tube. I then

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    Liquid Sublimation

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    ------------------------------------------------- Liquidliquid extraction From Wikipedia‚ the free encyclopedia Liquidliquid extraction also known as solvent extraction and partitioning‚ is a method to separate compounds based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids‚ usually water and an organic solvent. It is an extraction of a substance from one liquid into another liquid phase. Liquidliquid extraction is a basic technique in chemical laboratories‚ where it is performed

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    Liquid Chromatography Lab

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    flinnsci.com Liquid Chromatography AP Chemistry Laboratory # 18 Publication No. 10535A Catalog No. AP9093 Introduction In this experiment‚ liquid chromatography is used to separate the substances that are present in grape-flavored Kool-Aid®. First‚ the dyes responsible for the purple color‚ FD&C Blue #1 and Red #40 are separated. Then‚ in a second experiment‚ the other components of Kool-Aid®‚ the flavorings and citric acid‚ are separated as well. Concepts • Resolution • Liquid chromatography

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    SECTION - A 1. Name the technique to separate [1] (a) Salt from Sea – water (b) Butter from curd 2. Define velocity. [1] 3. What do you mean by free fall? [1] 4. Mention any 2 advantages of using Italian bee variety in honey production. OR (a) Identify soluble and solvent in the following solutions: [3] (i) Aerated drinks (ii) Tincture of iodine (iii) Lemon water (b) State the principle of each if the following methods of separation of mixtures

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    Experiment 1: Viscosity of Liquids Victoria Kulczak Lab Partners: Laina Maines & Heidi Osterman Date of Lab: 2/21/11 Due Date: 2/28/11 Abstract: The goal of this experiment was to determine the viscosity of given liquids. Two different methods were employed‚ the first measures time of flow of several methanol-water solutions‚ from point A to point B. The second method involves dropping a foreign object‚ in this case a sphere‚ into a cylinder of glycerol and measuring the time it takes for it to

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    Name Date Lab: Denisty – Solids and Liquids Part 1: Density Background Information: The density of an object is how much “stuff”‚ or molecules‚ a substance is made of. Density is how tightly packed the molecules are. To calculate the density of a substance we need to know the mass (weight) of the substance and the volume (how much space) of the substance. Mass is determined by weighing an object. Volume of regular shaped objects is calculated by measuring

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    liquid crystals

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    packed closely together‚ but they are able to move around. Hence a fluid does not have a rigid shape‚ but adapts to the contours of the container that holds it. Like a liquid a gas has no fixed shape‚ but it has little resistance to compression because there is enough empty space for the molecules to move closer. Whereas a liquid placed in a container will form a puddle at the bottom of the container‚ a gas will expand to fill the container. Although the three categories seem very well defined

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    Lab Report Purpose The purpose of this lab is to determine the identity of an unknown liquid by measuring its density and its boiling point and try to match it with those solutions given in Table 2 of experiment 2. Procedure Part A In Part A‚ The main purpose was to find the determination of the density of the unknown (j41) and by doing that we had to determine volumes of the unknown liquid (j41) using three different volumetric devices which are graduated cylinder‚ pipette and burette

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    The vapor pressure of a liquid is the equilibrium pressure of gas molecules from that liquid (i.e.‚ the results of evaporation) above the liquid itself. A glass of water placed in an open room will evaporate completely (and thus never reach equilibrium); however‚ if a cover is placed on the glass‚ the space above the liquid will eventually contain a constant amount of water vapor. How much water vapor is present depends on the temperature‚ but not on the amount of liquid that is present at equilibrium

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    liquid crystals

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    LIQUID CRYSTALS Introduction What are Liquid crystals ? Its History & Discovery Any of various liquids in which molecules are regularly arrayed like a solid crystal along one or two dimensions‚ but are free in the other dimensions as with typical liquids. Liquid crystals often display unusual and often manipulable optical properties such as anisotropic scattering. They can be divided into two classes‚ Thermo tropic(nematic‚ chiral nematic‚ and smectic.) and Lyotropic. Transitions to thermotropic

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    Experiment 5 Liquids and Solids Chemistry 1211 Fall 2012 Section 1: Abstract‚ Experiment and Observation Abstract: The purpose of this experiment is to determine the boiling point of a liquid and the melting point of a solid. We also were able to observe the difference between boiling and melting point Experiment and Observation: We used isopropyl alcohol and set up an experiment to observe the boiling point. We set up a second experiment using acetamide to determine

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    Liquid Nitrogen

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    Liquid Nitrogen Liquid nitrogen is nitrogen in a liquid state at a very low temperature. Its chemical formula is N2. Manufacturing of Liquid Nitrogen Liquid nitrogen is made by cooling and compressing air straight from the atmosphere. The type used to produce large amounts of liquid nitrogen looks vastly different but really happens is that air squashed and cooled . When you squash it‚ air molecules are forced closer together. If you also cool it down the molecules can slow down enough to

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    Determination of Cleansing Action of Detergents (Using Capillary rise) Synopsis This project report explains about the surface tension and capillarity of liquid through a simple experiment of finding the capillarity of various detergents. Oil stains and grease on dirty clothes cannot be removed‚ using water alone‚ because water does not wet them. If detergents added ‚ surface tension is decreased‚ the area of contact is increased

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