"Penology" Essays and Research Papers

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Perry Cesare Beccaria was an Italian jurist, enlightenment thinker, and philosopher. In 1794, he wrote On Crimes and Punishment. In this book, he talked against torture and the death penalty, but he was most famous for laying a foundation of penology, which deals with the repression of criminal activities and punishment of crimes committed. Beccaria was most famous for declaring that “a punishment should fit the crime.” He meant several things by this, but most importantly was his two main points...

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Administration Effectiveness

SOURCE: 0000000178.RTF THESIS ABSTRACT Title : ADMINISTRATIVE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE BUREAU OF JAIL MANAGEMENT AND PENOLOGY (BJMP) IN THE PROVINCE OF ALBAY Author : BAUSA, MARIVIC M. Degree : ? Year : 2004 Location : BC The organizations must put up realistic and attainable objectives . This is something that can be understood by way of saying that goals of the unit...

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death penalty

from recommitting in the future?  Can they be rehabilitated or be forever a risk and a drain upon society?  I have here some information I gathered from bjmp.gov.ph. This website is officially owned and managed by the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology. According to their data, as of May 2012, we have 69735 inmates nationwide. The population of our prisons in the Philippines is just 937. Also, according to their data, the prisons’ capacity is only 21929. Imagine, ladies and gentlemen, that our...

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Purpose and History of Corrections

what is punishment and where did it get its foundation. Murtagh (2005), “Punishment has been defined as the deliberate infliction of suffering on a supposed or actual offender.” Modern day punishment is called corrections but has used the names of penology or penal actions in it’s life time. Punishments used as early responses to crime by today’s standards were extreme. Early responses were brutal and included things like torture, beatings, branding and mutilation. Early examples of these responses...

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Community Correction

focused on individual offenders to achieve deserved punished or diagnosis and treatment. The new penology is concerned with risk determination aimed at managing high-risk offender groups (Fuller and Hickey, pg. 93). New practices that are designed to increase the potential for risk assessment and control consist of actuarial-based prediction and electronic monitoring devices. In the new penology system, it operates in a dual system supervision involving a low-risk group and high risk group. ...

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Cesare Beccaria

efficiency of criminal justice depended more on the conviction of punishment than its cruelty, at 1764, which condemned torture and death penalty that also marked the high point of the Milan Enlightenment. His treatise was also the first full work of penology (study of punishment in crime) and his work greatly influenced Jeremy Bentham in his development of his doctrine of Utilitarianism. The principles Beccaria appealed to were Reason, an understanding of the state as a form of deal. He condemned death...

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Cesare, Marquis of Beccaria-Bonesana

Cesare, Marquis of Beccaria-Bonesana was an Italian jurist, philosopher and politician best known for his theory On Crimes and Punishments, which condemned torture and the death penalty, and was a founding work in the field of penology. Beccaria believed all individuals have freewill and make choices on that freewill. This is the key to the relationship between law and crime. Further looking in the theory of Beccaria beliefs he is stating that legal punishment should not be so...

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Study Guide/Outline Chapter 1

are victimized on average more than any other racial group. For further information, read the following reporthttp://www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs/pub/ascii/aic02.txt. CHAPTER OUTLINE 1. Introduction 2. Defining Corrections—Previously, the term “penology” was used instead of corrections. 1. What Is Corrections—"Corrections" is defined as the range of community and institutional sanctions, treatment programs, and services for managing criminal offenders. 2. The Mission of Corrections—the...

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History of Penitentaries

inhumane. As a consequence of criticism fueled by Dwight and others, most American prisons build after 1825 followed the Auburn architectural style and system of prison discipline. With the tension between the Auburn and Pennsylvania systems, American penology existed in an unsettled state for half a century. The tension was finally resolved in 1876 by the establishment of the Reformatory Style, which was innovated by two corrections leaders of the mid 1880’s: Captain Alexander Maconochie and Sir Walter...

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Purpose and History of Penitentiaries

Pennsylvania does not generate. This system of prison management is accepted internationally. Whereas, the Pennsylvania system which is also known as separate system encourages solitary confinement of prisoners. This system has a leading influence in penology over a century and was forerunner of present system. Prisoners were kept separate even during work in order to avoid any distraction of repentance. The idea was originally developed by the Philadelphia Society for Alleviating the Miseries of Public...

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