"Law" Essays and Research Papers


Discuss the relationship between law and morals and whether law should uphold moral values? Phil Harris in an introduction to law defines a society’s ‘code of morality’ as a set of beliefs, values, principles and a standard of behaviour. A compliance with these rules is not compulsory and not required by the state. People are influenced by their family, friend’s religion. However, they could consider from themselves what they believe to be moral or immoral in their view, because a society is pluralistic...

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Written Law and Unwritten Law

The Difference between Written and Unwritten Constitution are as follows: Written Constitution: Written constitution is one which is found in one or more than one legal documents duly enacted in the form of laws. It is precise, definite and systematic. It is the result of the conscious and deliberate efforts of the people. It is framed by a representative body duly elected by the people at a particular period in history. It is always promulgated on a specific date in history. The Constitution...

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Florence Low Poh Geok Program / Intake: BCom27 Module: Commercial Law Lecturer: Daniel Theyagu Student ID: 32736209 Program Manager: Hazel Ong / Ang Kang Ling Total Words Count: 1998 Question 1A The legal point in question is whether Leila advertisement constitutes a binding contract and that she go can back on her promise of paying the reward $50 to Julie for returning the gold chain and locket to her. Relevant principle of law relating to this issue is that an advertisement made to the world...

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Philosophy of law

concepts to understand in this subject. These three tenets are as follows; law is whatever a judge decides it is, law and morality are independent of each other, and rights are conferred. This is in opposition to the theories of natural law and legal positivism. During this chapter we will examine three separate works from three different authors. The first article is "Legal Realism" by Jerome Frank, the second is "The Path of the Law" by O.W. Holmes Jr. and the third selection is "Ships and Shoes and...

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Sociology and Law

Relevance of Sociology for the study of Law. If societies are based upon agreed upon laws, then they are very much interrelated subjects. They are symbiotic, interwoven, interconnected. When someone commits a crime against another person or their property, they will have to face the consequences in a court of law. Or reduce it to a smaller group such as a tribe. Even amongst members of a tribe, there are laws that may only be verbal, or perhaps not even as formal as that. They are followed because...

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Unjust Laws

obliged to obey even unjust laws? Think about what this means. This means that laws, regardless of how unfair, unjust, or immoral they may be, must be followed with no better reason that they are the law. To the thesis that we are obliged to obey even unjust laws, I will argue that the standard objections to Civil Disobedience, given by Singer, are incorrect To begin, however, I believe it is necessary to define an "unjust" law. According to St. Thomas Aquinas, "Any law that uplifts human personality...

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Sociology & the Law

Abstract The Overview of this paper will be about Sociology & the Law, The U.S. Court System, Areas of Sociological Study Impacted by Law, Aging & the Elderly, Marriage & Family, and Divorce. The Author Michael Erbschloe is an information technology consultant, educator and holds a Master Degree in Sociology. The article fits into the overall field of society because it explains how our society is affected by the law that governs us all from the elderly, marriage, divorce and sexuality...

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Law And Politics

LAW POLITICS sakdiyahhalimatus88@gmail.com What the mind of :  What is the Law?  What is Politics?  Is law a creature of the political order?  Does law also structure politics ?  What are the relations between law and politics? For the answers to those questions are more complex many people to assume. This is to provide a framework for further consideration Derivation Ubi societas ibi ius (dimana ada masyrakat disana ada hukum). Law is  facilities created by the society,  originate...

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Unjust Laws

Unjust Laws The United States is homeland for millions of immigrants who risk their lives for a better existence. In Jefferson’s words, it is a nation in which “All men are created equal, that they are endowed by their creator with certain inalienable rights that among them are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” Our nation is a country in which equal opportunity if provided for those in search of a better life and our law is meant to apply evenly to citizens and non-citizens alike. However...

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Islamic Law

Defining Islamic Law Islamic law is the collection of rulings and legally binding rules related to the regulation of individual behavior in society. It is a legal system with a broad range of directives, covering the specifics of various affairs, yet broad enough to be flexible and non–rigid due to its capacity for renewability and adaptability. The History of Islamic Law Role #1: This was the role of education and dealing with legal life issues in Arab society during the mission of the Prophet;...

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Introducing the Law

the law Chapter 1 | Introducing the law 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Law and life The nature of law Justice, ethics and politics The sources of law The Australian legal system Law and life Chapter 1 Introducing the law You already know about the law ... •... from your personal life. •... from your business activities. •... from the media. •... from popular culture. •There are very few aspects of life that are not regulated by law. The nature of law Chapter 1 Introducing the law Defining the law •Law...

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law and morality

Law and Morality 1 Lecture 1 Ancient Athens (3rd-4th century BC) Country on its own, city had a border like a wall around it 3 ways of organizing this rules 1. The king decides it (monarchy) 2. Handful of rich people make a decision in a closed committee 3. Democracy (small number of rich people, not everyone necessarily, but broader number of people Athens known as a democracy Average citizen played a central role in making the laws what they are There are many court sessions regularly...

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Career in Law.

the case is not same when we talk about a law student. With broader outlook, intense knowledge, foresight and leadership traits a law student stands apart. With specialized knowledge of law and a sum total of all the scientific studies and noble articulates of humanity lawyer stands amidst intellectual pool. These qualities develop a dynamic character and an outstanding personality which opens the gate towards innumerable carrier opportunities for a law student. In aisle of life, with hundreds of...

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Bibliometric laws

BIBLIOMETRIC LAWS Bibliometrics is a type of research method used in library and information science. It utilizes quantitative analysis and statistics to describe patterns of publication within a given field or body of literature. Researchers may use bibliometric methods of evaluation to determine the influence of a single writer, for example, or to describe the relationship between two or more writers or works. One common way of conducting bibliometric research is to use the Social Science Citation...

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Gun Law

should make gun laws stricter for the safety of them and their family. Others feel that that the gun laws should remain the same, because they don’t want their constitutional rights violated. What is the controversy surrounding this topic? The controversy is that the government believes that the world would be a safer place if the gun laws are stricter. Some feel that their rights would be violated, and the final group of people is the ones who are kind of on both sides. They want the laws to be stricter...

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Holocaust and the Law

spewed forth its smoke and ash.  The rhetoric and ideology of the rule of law and the criminal Nazi state do not allow for such complications. The [sic] is the lie of law after Nuremberg, just as it is the lie of law after Auschwitz.  Law continued while six million died. (p.145) David Fraser’s thesis, in LAW AFTER AUSCHWITZ, is that there is little to distinguish between our fundamental understandings and practices of law and those of German lawyers and judges between 1933 and 1945. He aims to refocus...

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Rule of Law

LAW 012 MUHAMMAD ADAM BIN ZAWAHIR LWA01F MADAM SITI NOORAMANI The Rule of Law, in its most basic form, is the principle that no one is above the law. The rule follows logically from the idea that truth, and therefore law, is based upon fundamental principles which can be discovered, but which cannot be created through an act of will. The most important application of the rule of law is the principle that governmental authority is legitimately exercised only in accordance with written, publicly...

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Pharmacy Law

| Pharmacy Law | Patient Confidentiality | | Chaukeisia Roney | 10/24/2012 | Pharmacy Technology – Thursday Evening HIPPA Privacy Law and Patients’ Bill of Rights are supposed to protect an individual privacy when it comes to their medical information. These laws were created and put into place to establish patient confidentiality and not have patients’ information disclosed without prior consent. In 1998, Dawn Castellano, a pharmacy technician who worked for Arbor Drugs in Mount...

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Employment Law

Employment Law and HRM Strategy Introduction Employment laws play a critical role in human resources management strategies and in an organization operation. Employee laws are design to protect the employees by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) “ federal enforcement agency enacted to ensure that employers follow and abide by rules set forth in the Civil Rights Acts of 1964”(Web Finance, 2012). However, the act insisted of “people...

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Daniel Law

POLICY PAPER THE SAFE HAVEN for ABANDONED BABIES ACT A.K.A DANIEL'S LAW My internship is being done at the Orangeburg County Department of Social Services (DSS). The policy I will be referring to in this policy paper will be section 20-7-85, which is the safe haven for abandoned babies act. This act is better known by the name of Daniel's Law. Daniel's Law is relatively new policy at DSS and new law in South Carolina; it's designed to provide a safe haven for abandoned babies. Its name...

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Law and Morality

Law and Morality It is not an everyday occurrence that someone must decide the fate of another's life. The dilemma of making a decision that someone must die in order for the others to survive, can obviously be troubling. The process in which the termination of one's life may be easy to make, but to justify that decision is the most difficult one. This paper is given a situation in which a decision of taking one's life is essential. The situation is that a nuclear war has occurred, which has destroyed...

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Law and Morality


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Moral Law

Moral Law is a rule or a group of rules of right living conceived as universal and unchanging. Moral law is a system of guidelines for behavior. These guidelines may or may not be part of a religion, codified in written form, or legally enforceable. For some people moral law is synonymous with the commands of a divine being. For others, moral law is a set of universal rules that should apply to everyone.(SR, page 87) It is understood to combine the pinnacle of “Natural Law” and “Deontological reasoning”...

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Law Course


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Cases and Laws

Equal Inclusion Case Law AED/204 July 26, 2013 Vicki Kugel-Brandt Equal Inclusion Case Law In the earlier days women and African Americans had no rights to school, work or any other type of socialization. They were brought into slavery, housewives and had no rights as an individual. This included people with disabilities (even those with MMR classification) because they were, “viewed as nonproductive and expandable.” (Gollnick & Chinn, pg. 181, 2013) The rights we have today as women...

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Constitutional Law

Constitutional law The Mauritian Parliament has inherited much from the Westminster Model. The Westminster Model is characterised by: * Parliamentary Sovereignty * Separation of Powers between the organs of the State. A. Parliamentary Sovereignty In any state you will find one ultimate source of legal authority. In countries with a written constitution, it will be the constitution which has ultimate authority as in Mauritius. In the United Kingdom, with its uncodified constitution...

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Cybercrime Law

FIL102 CyberCrime Law The Cybercrime Law of the Philippines (also known as the Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012 or Republic Act 10175) is a newly-signed act that gives us a true legal tool to combat cybercrime. A better definition is given by a press release from the Senate, a part of which says, "The Cybercrime Prevention Act lays down a comprehensive legal framework for the detection, investigation, and suppression of cybercrimes..." The Republic Act No. 10175, also known as the Cybercrime...

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Philosophy of Law

Throughout this paper you will be reading how gender based laws such as statutory rape in California discriminate against males and not females. You may ask “why is this issue?” well this is an issue because it goes against our 14th amendment which states all laws should protect both men and women equally. The case you are about to read is concerning this law. A law that discriminates against males, stating that even if they have sex at a young age women are the only ones to get hurt. Studies have...

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Laws of Hammubari

PART 1: The first law of the Hammurabi’s Code of Laws, ‘If anyone ensnare another, putting a ban upon him, but he cannot prove it, then he that ensnared him shall be put to death.’ The meaning of this code is that if you accuse someone of a crime you better be able to re-enforce your statement or if you can’t then you will be put to death. The 106th law of the Hammurabi’s Code: ‘If the agent accept money from the merchant, but have a quarrel with the merchant (denying the receipt), then shall the...

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Obeying The Law

A social structure is mandatory for the survival of humans. Man's natural affinity for evil and conflict has been around since the dawn of time - until order was maintained through the introduction of laws. Without law, the integrity and stability of society would diminish completely. As a strong advocate of determinism, Thomas Hobbes believes that a strict government is the only way to social stability. Hobbes believed that a state of nature - one without a form of government - would essentially...

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Law and Morality

Law and Morality Sir John Salmond described the law as ‘the body of principles recognised and applied by the state in the administration of justice’. They are a set of rules and boundaries that are established by authorities which must be obeyed, otherwise, a sanction may be given. Morals are beliefs, values and principles that are set by society or part of a society, determining what is right and wrong. Phil Harris stated that they are “standards of behaviour”. Unlike legal rules, compliance with...

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Cyber Law

r lwaCYBER LAW Cyber Laws are the basic laws of a Society and hence have implications on every aspect of the Cyber Society such as Governance, Business, Crimes, Entertainment, Information Delivery, Education etc.  WHY THE NEED FOR CYBER LAW? • Coming of the Internet. • Greatest cultural, economic, political and social transformation in the history of human society. • Complex legal issues arising leading to the development of cyber law. • Different approaches for controlling, regulating and...

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El Law

What is the Law in Malaysia? Law is a system, law can controls all the thing, law is a rules, law can prevents the people bad behaviour, all the people must comply with the law, cannot violate the law. Law also can protects benefits of Malaysians. Therefore Malaysians live in a country which has limitation of law. Malaysia has Separation of Power (SOP) and Civil Society. What is Separation of Power? Separation of power can be divided into legislative, executive and judiciary. These three system of...

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Economic Laws

ECONOMIC LAWS Concept of Law: Law means “rule or conduct”. A law expresses the causal relationship between two sets of phenomenon. Like other sciences, economics also collects facts and undertakes their systematic study. The facts are analysed and conclusion drawn. These conclusions establish causal relationship between the concerned facts. These are called laws or generalisations. Collection of facts ⇨ Systematic Study of facts ⇨ Establishment of facts ⇨ Analysis of facts ⇨ Conclusion has...

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constitutional law

abrogation of the 1962 constitution of Uganda to constitutional development by critically looking at its impact on the doctrines of constitutionalism including independence of the judiciary, separation of powers, protection of human rights, rule of law as well as the role of the army to mention but a few. In 1964, according to Kristin Leefers A Worldwide Student Journal of Politics, discord within the UPC, as well as challenges from opposition parties threatened Uganda’s political development...

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Pitbull Law

Pit Bull Law In Ontario Submitted by: Chris Cole Submitted to: Mr. Bonazza Date: Thursday December 6, 2012 The pit bull law is a touch and go law, it is one of those laws that doesn’t get enforced until this dog actually does something that would get it attention of the police, in which case they would take your pit bull away from you and put it down. Most people blame the bad reputation of pit bulls on bad owners, Pit bulls have been known as bad dogs since criminals started adopting them...

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Administrative Law

the relationship between the race horse owners and the club, and the powers of the club, derived from agreement between the parties. Accordingly it was a matter of private law. 1. Human Rights Act 1998 2. Hilaire Barnett [2011]. Understanding Public Law. p189 3. John Alder [2009]. Constitutional and Administrative Law. p.398. 4. [1987]. QB 815 5. [1993] 1 WLR 909 Judicial review is only available to test the lawfullness of a decision made by public bodies. If judicial review is...

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Economics Laws

Economics Week 1 Economic Laws Trudy Mullins Grantham University When asked should every nation be democratic and free, would bring up lots of discussion. Most would tell you they would like to see that, yet in their mind they know it isn’t possible. All know that when nations are all not democratic, this concept makes the world go round. Because of the different cultures, religions, and government premises, makes it almost impossible for all nations to be democratic. Democracy,...

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Law Essay

Law is a set of behavioural norms that are set in place by a ruling class to adjust the behaviour of humans when attempting to develop society to a certain stage. This can ultimately be discussed as the essence of law. These behavioural norms can be found in the majority of societies in today’s modern age, and is a huge influence on how the majority of people go about their daily lives. Although these particular sets of behavioural norms are written to benefit the ruled society, it can be debated...

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Employment Law

A contract of employment is a category of contract used in labour law to attribute right and responsibilities between parties to a bargain. On the one end stands an "employee" who is "employed" by an "employer". It has arisen out of the old master-servant law, used before the 20th century. Put generally, the contract of employment denotes a relationship of economic dependence and social subordination. In the words of the influential labour lawyer Sir Otto Kahn-Freund, "The relation between an employer...

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Breaking the Law

Breaking The Law Nowadays people think rules is not something important in their life and they are not following the rules even they break the rules. For them, they can do whatever they wanted in this world because they think this world is belong to them. Their bad behaviors distract people from having a peaceful life. Addition, violence in this world getting increases and because of that, they cause a lot of trouble in mean time. There three main causes of breaking the rules and law. ...

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Employment Law

Employment law moderates the relationship between employees, employers, unions and the government. Employment law is a broad area of the law that embraces all areas of the employer-employee relationship with the exception of the negotiation process covered by labor law and collective bargaining. Employment law encompasses Federal and state statutes and regulations. Some employment laws were set in place as labor legislation made to protect labor, and other laws provide protections in the form...

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Laws and Regulations

Laws and Regulations Team A Linda Lee-Tucker, Natalia Alexander, Misty Pearson, Tiffany Miller HRM/554 February 21, 2011 Professor Stephanie Romagnoli Introduction British Petroleum is the US’s largest corporation. One of the largest oil producers, BP services globally for billions of dollars each year. BP distributes oil and natural gas all over the world. British Petroleum has run into several problems with federal regulations over many years. Because of safety issues...

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Labor Law

Agenda Historical overview of labor laws Understand the effects of the legal system on unionization Understand the major provisions of US labor laws Understand the differences and similarities between US private and public sector law Assignments This week’s reading contained a lot of information! This material, however, is vital to your understanding of how we got to our current state of labor laws. Watch out for our close friends – efficiency, equity and voice...

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federal laws

Federal laws Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII prohibits discrimination because of race, color, religion, sex, and national original. Title VII applies to all private employers, state and local governments, and education institutions that employ 15 or more individuals. Rehabilitation Act of 1973. This law essentially applies the standards of Title VII to the federal government as an employer. Lilly Ledbetter Fair Pay Act. The Fair Pay Act changes when the statute of limitations...

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Cybercrime Law

CYBERCRIME LAW The Cybercrime Prevention Act of 2012, officially recorded as Republic Act No. 10175, is a law in the Philippines approved on 12 September 2012. It aims to address legal issues concerning online interactions and the Internet in the Philippines. Among the cybercrime offenses included in the bill are cybersquatting, cybersex, child pornography, identity theft, illegal access to data and libel. Screenshot of the social networking site Facebook, as the Filipinos changed their profile...

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Business Law

other law, or by order of the court. The maximum penalty is disbarment.  4- Under what circumstances should a lawyer terminate his representation of a client? If the representation will result in violation of the Georgia Rules of Professional Conduct or other law, the lawyer's physical or mental condition materially impairs the lawyer's ability to represent the client, or the lawyer is discharged. 5- What does it mean for a lawyer to act as an advisor? A lawyer may refer not only to law but to...

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essence of laws

libraries in every congressional district, city and municipality, and reading centers in every barangay throughout the Philippines. Amidst a sea of other basic priorities, establishment of these learning tools should be given much attention. This law is very essential for the growth of every individual in the community and for the community itself. This will cater the less capable individuals to be well-informed. Illiteracy will also be minimized if not eradicated. In the current situation in other...

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public law

judiciary, and are carried out by Government. The legislature is the law-making body, and is comprised of the House of Commons and the House of Lords. The legislative function involves ‘the enactment of general rules determining the structure and powers of public authorities and regulating the conduct of citizens and private organisations. The executive is all the institutions and persons concerned with the implementation of the laws made by the legislature. It involves central and local government...

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Law That Is Unfair

The Malaysia Law is mainly based on the common law legal system. Law protects basic individual rights and freedom such as liberty,equality and freedom of speech. It prevents individuals in powerful position from taking an unfair advantage of other people. Law ensures a safe and peaceful society, in which individual rights are preserved. Certain governments have cruel laws, where police and armies arrests and punishes people without a trial in the court. Law applies to every persons, public authorities...

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Dumb Laws

Dumb Laws Brian Lynch Every country has laws. Ever since the beginning of time, laws have been put into effect mainly to keep order. They ensure the safety of the land and those who inhabit it. Without theses normal, everyday laws people would just be allowed to run amuck, doing as they please. Unfortunately, as good as most laws are in keeping the country safe, there are still plenty of outlandish laws. Some are just stupid laws, which nobody really knows the point of. For instance, in California...

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Educational Law

Education Law and Regulation (ED 674) – FINAL EXAM Question 1 Breaking down the first case of Stew Starr at Caldwellia High School his provocative web page advocating the recreational use of illegal drugs by students was clearly something that did not belong in the educational environment. In the landmark decision of 1969, the U.S. Supreme Court in Tinker v. Des Moines Independent Community School District declared that students “shed their constitutional rights to freedom of speech or expression...

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Case Law

out-of-network. There is no restricted rate on a one day surgery so insurers pay more and this makes them more appealing. The patient’s monetary responsibility will also be higher. Surrendering the out-of-network fees without the proper investigation of State law may put the ambulatory center at risk. For example, if the bill for the out-of-network surgery patient were $10,000.00 and the center charged the insurance company for 80% of that $10,000.00 and does not get the co-payment from the patient then the...

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International Law

proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people. Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law. Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations, Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person...

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Law 531

Regulatory Laws and Torts in Alumina Simulation Kathleen Kraft-Smith LAW 531 Martine Anderson University of Phoenix Regulatory Laws and Torts in Alumina Simulation Alumina is a manufacturing plant specializing in automotive components, packaging materials, bauxite, refining, and smelting. Lately this organization has been dealing with an EPA violation that occurred, and was corrected, five years ago through an individual that states harm has occurred based on this violation. A closer...

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Law M1

judges also wear the same but a bit shorter. For superior judges their salaries are a lot higher compared to inferior judges. In criminal courts juries look upon the factors and decide if the verdict is guilty or not, whereas the judge looks on the law and decides the sentence. On the other hand, the judges in civil cases decide if the verdict is liable or not beyond reasonable doubt and if the verdict needs to pay injunctions. Barristers & Solicitors Barristers are lawyers who argue a...

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Taxation Law

TAXATION LAW: A CASE STUDY ON FCT VS. CITYLINK MELBOURNE LTD [2006] HCA 35 [Name] [Instructor/Tutor] [Course/Subject] [Institution/University] [Date] Q2: FCT vs. Citylink Melbourne Ltd [2006] HCA 35 The case in FCT v Citylink Melbourne Ltd [2006] is build on the law regarding general business income deductions under the Australian taxation law which is based on the Income Tax Assessment Act. The law involved a case between the Federal Commissioner of Taxation and Citylink Melbourne...

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Tax Law

statutes. The primary source of US tax law is Congress. Power to initiate tax legislation is vested in the House of Representatives but all tax bills must pass both houses and be signed into law by the President. Many times the details of the legislation are not dictated by Congress, but left to the Treasury Department which adopts regulations (that have the force of law) to spell out the details as well as interpret the statutes and provide guidance on the law. In addition, the Internal Revenue Service...

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Miranda Law

The Miranda Law HIS 303 Prof. Dorey January 6, 2011 On March 13, 1963, in Phoenix, Arizona, Ernesto Miranda, a man with a past criminal record, was arrested at Arizona in his home. Ernesto Miranda was arrested and brought into custody by the police and brought to the Phoenix police station. He was suspected and then later identified as the person who stole $8.00 from a Phoenix, Arizona bank worker. Ernesto Miranda was questioned for two hours by police, then confessed to the robbery...

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Law and Ethics

Laws are a familiar concept, and provide a basic social framework of right and wrong to which the majority adhere. Ethical theories may also be applied to all issues of uncertainty, including those not covered by laws or professional guidelines. They create a mechanism within which issues of moral uncertainty may be questioned and resolved (Jones 1994). One such area of moral dilemma is that of informed consent. In it’s simplest terms, consent may be defined as giving permission: “… in current...

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