"Marxism" Essays and Research Papers

Marxism

Marxism & Education Karl Marx (1818-1883)-Conflict Theory -born in Trier -home schooled -attended the local gymnasium -1835 University of Bonn -1836 University of Berlin -1841 receives his PhD from the University of Jena -editor of Rhineland Newspaper -1847 Brussels- Theory of Economic Determinism Communist Manifesto 1849 -view of society and social class relationship -bourgeoise/capitalists/industrialists -lower middle class-aka vanguard of proletariat- a mall...

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Marxism

Tessa Rae Williams Dr. Vayo ENGL 101.06 6 December 2012 “As the Middle Children, We Fight to Leave our Marx” Karl Marx, the founder of Marxism, believed that in an industrialized society the working class would revolt and take over the ruling class, which would in effect create a classless society, taking everyone back to zero. Marx’s concepts are simple: in order to grasp the true meaning of happiness, people must separate themselves from their materialistic tendencies as well as each...

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Feminism and Marxism

Comparing Feminism and Marxism, both claims that society is split into the powerful and the powerless. Although they are two different theories and criticism, founded upon different claims and needs, but they have many characteristics in common. One tries to condemn patriarchy, and care about women, especially those suffered of patriotic inequalities. The other theory rejects Capitalism. Believing that landlords and bourgeoisie have oppressed proletariat through the history, Marxism promises economic...

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Marxism and Maoism

 Marxism and Maoism: A Comparative Analysis By: Umme Salama 5/10/2013 This paper intends to provide a comparative analysis of Maoism and Marxism with reference to the Chinese socialist revolution and Marx and Engel’s writings. It aims to do so by applying a case study approach of the revolution in China and analyze it as a practical movement inspired by Marxist theory. Maoism is a philosophical theory, named after its founder, Mao Zedong. Moreover, as a method of analysis of social...

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Marxism (Sociology)

AQA AS/A SOCIOLOGY ESSAY: CRITICALLY EXAMINE MARXIST PERSPECTIVES ON TODAY’S SOCIETY Classical Marxism is a conflict structural theory which argues that, rather than society being based on value consensus as functionalists would contend, there is a conflict of interest between different groups (social classes) because of the unequal distribution of power and wealth. Marxists are also interested in the way in which social change can occur, particularly in sudden and revolutionary ways. However, there...

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Marxism and the Matrix

The movie, “The Matrix” is an outstanding example of the term “Marxism”. Simply put, Marxism is the political and economic theory of Marx, advocating abolition of private property, and state provision of work and subsistence for all, and to be a Marxist, is to follow Karl Marx’s theories. Along the lines of Marx’s theories; a reality and way of life in the Matrix is maintained, oppressed, discovered, and eventually explained. Marx advocates a violent change, and The Matrix demonstrates this type...

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Summary of Marxism

Because of this your conception is completely skewed. A little reading outside of what you've had drilled into your brain your whole life would go a long way. Here is a brief article from a friend who has a degree in economics (mine is in history) MARXISM, IN A NUTSHELL For the past few months I’ve been studying and reading Karl Marx’s most important work: Capital (Das Kapital). This thing is enormous. It’s three volumes, containing over 2000 pages. In it Marx attempted to figure out and explain how...

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Marxism and Mao

unfavorable balance of forces, not the core of China’s national strategy, let alone its strategic preference. 7. How do Mao’s ideas about revolution resemble and differ from those of Marx? Mao Zedong developed his unique Chinese variant of Marxism, which was based on the promise that peasant, not the urban proletariat, would lead china to socialism. However, Marx defined class as bourgeoisie and urban proletariat, because society as a whole is more and more splitting up into two great hostile...

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The Dynamics of Marxism

The Dynamics of Marxism Human relationships have always been dynamic. Change and adaptability have gone hand in hand with the passing of time for human society. Karl Marx's views on Industrialization and the bourgeoisie had a major impact on how we view our industrial alignment today. Marx and Engel's The Communist Manifesto gives broad views on the subject of the middle class and how they fit into a society that was ruled by feudalism and aristocracy. Capitalism becomes a major topic in a...

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Marxism and Structuralism

Marxism and Structuralism: • Marx  concerned with causes of conflict in society and believed that it was the result of struggle between different socio-economic classes. • saying capitalism as a bondage from which people strive to be liberated. • Theory of history based on historical materialism, where the system of economic production determined structures of society. All history was the history of class struggle between a ruling group, from which [came] a new economic, political and social...

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Sociology- Marxism

accepted and apart of a group. For this reason socialisation is a better tool to use to create social order. When violence is used people may be suppressed for a while but will eventually become so tired of living in fear that they demand change, as Marxism says a new level of consciousness will be formed, for example ‘socialist consciousness’. If a person is not living in fear there is nothing they see as important to change and so continue to live as the government and more importantly the bourgeoisie...

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Marxism - Ideal and Critique

Marxism: The Ideal and a Critique Short Essay Paper #2 Marxism is an ideology that was first written about by Karl Marx and Fredreich Engels in the 1800’s. This ideology has some strong political and social ideas on what is best for society as a whole, but it can be easily critiqued by other ideologies. In this paper, I will explain Marxism according to Marx, and then critique his ideas through the writings and ideas of John Stuart Mill, and then Adam Smith. Karl Marx believed in a socialist...

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Flaws of Marxism

The flaws of Marxism. Introduction to Philosophy T-122 Dr. Danielle A. Layne April 15th, 2011 At the turn of the 19th century, an unprecedented amount of change had because of the Industrial Revolution. The concept of slavery in its typical terms had been abolished. Society itself had drastically changed. The population had more than doubled in Europe. Due to the Enlightenment era, philosophers had reduced God to a realm that does not describe...

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Is Marxism Anti Democratic

Is Marxism anti-democratic? In order to answer this question the parameters of the discussion must first be set, with key terms in the title defined. Marxism I define to be ‘an economic and socio-political worldview and method of socio-economic enquiry which focuses upon a materialist interpretation of history, a dialectical view of social change and an analysis and critique of capitalism. ‘ Democracy, I define to be an ‘egalitarian form of government in which sovereignty is vested in the people...

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Karl Marx and Marxism

Karl Marx and Marxism Karl Marx set the wheels of modern Communism and Socialism in motion with his writings in the late nineteenth century. In collaboration with his friend, Heinrich Engels, he produced the The Communist Manifesto, written in 1848. Many failed countries' political and socio-economic structures have been based on Marx's theories, for example the USSR, East Germany etc. Many people believe that Marxism is not applicable to today's society, as Karl Marx put forward his ideas not...

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Marxism vs Capitalism

growth and so forth. Although an ideal political system does not exist, in this piece of writing the definition of what Marxism and Elitism are shall be identified. Not to mention, their advantages and disadvantages will also be thoroughly investigated in order to reach a conclusion to prove which of the two political theories suits the real world countries best. First of all, Marxism is a political ideology founded by Karl Marx, a German philosopher, and Friedrich Engels, German-English industrialist...

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Marxism vs Functionalism

In this assignment I was asked to look at my society and how I view it, analyse it, understand it and evaluate it. With theories and theorist on society available I will focus on two of the theories which are Marxism by Karl Marx & Functionalism by Skinner. Karl Marx, the man was a genius. The man was not blind, most people are blind, we look but we cannot see and when we do see, we change how we see to make ourselves feel better or we change and explain things so we can have some sort of illusion...

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Contemporary Relevance of Marxism

INTRODUCTION The ideology of Marxism has been at the forefront of far-left political thought ever since Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels published their groundbreaking thesis, The Communist Manifesto, in 1848. The publication gave birth to a new dimension of politics which has had a resounding influence on generation after generation throughout the modern world. However, despite the affect that Marxism has had on modern political agendas, the theory now resembles a fallen giant. A contemporary...

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Discuss Marxism and Functuionalism and Compare

philosopher. For him, common sense and the obvious would not suffice; he wanted to build scientific theories based on critical awareness of society. The two main stems of sociological concepts are Positivism and Phenomenology. Both Functionalism and Marxism are Positivist theories. This means that philosophies are built by using scientific research methods to create structural perspectives. Positivism is called macro sociology because it looks at society holistically; it also emphasises the power of...

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Marxism: 1984 by George Orwell

Marxism In the Novel 1984 Throughout time, rulers and controlling governments have used the ideas of Marxism to take and maintain control over the working class. Even today ideas such as classism and commodification are used in countries such as North Korea and Syria to help governments rule over their citizens. In George Orwell’s 1984 the ideas of Marxism are used to oppress proletariats. The Party tricks the citizens of Oceania into thinking that their propaganda benefits the working class,...

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Marxism, No man is an island

ANTONIO GRAMSCI’s CONTRIBUTION TO SOCIALISM AND MARXISM By Michelle Ngele INTRODUCTION Imprisonment did not prevent Gramsci from thinking and writing, although his jailors tried their best to stop him. His writings occur in two periods; pre-prison (1910-1926) and prison (1929-1935). His pre-prison writings tend to be politically specific, while his prison writings tend to be more historical and theoretical. In prison he completed 32 notebooks containing almost 3,000 pages. It is in his prison...

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Political Ideologies: Is Marxism Still Relevant?

2012 Is Marxism still relevant? In 1999, the BBC conducted a series of polls, asking people to vote on the greatest men and women of the millennium. Names like Albert Einstein, creator of the theory of relativity, Isaac Newton, initial theorist behind natural law, and Marie Curie, physicist and first woman recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize, were listed, however Karl Marx was voted the greatest man of the millennium. Marx’s accomplishment was creating the idea of Marxism, which has unarguably...

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Marxism in Of Mice and Men

goodness—which had been warped by the free-market system— would allow us to live in this world, glistening with perfection . Marx’s system, later known as Marxism, caught the attention and support of thousands, including author John Steinbeck. While writing his novel, Of Mice and Men, Steinbeck seems to have been quite sympathetic towards many elements of Marxism, including how bosses encourage workers to distrust one another, how people in non-Marxist systems will always be oppressed by those who have more...

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marxism essay sociology

Marxism is a form of communism in which there are two distinctive classes: The production class (the bourgeoisie) and the working class (the proletariat).The idea is that the two classes work together in order to create a society in which there is no real need for currency or private ownership but instead it is a society in which the classes work together to achieve common goals. It is an idea that has yet to be proven as successful when put into practice. According to Karl Marx himself philosophy...

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Is Marxism Still Relevant Today?

Marxism’s credibility was eradicated with the fall of the communist states within the ‘Eastern Bloc’. While others such as China, although still governed by a communist party, have adopted numerous capitalist policies (van Krieken et al., 2010). Marxism has also been criticised for its over-concentration on economic relationships and its tendency to overlook other forms of non-economic conflicts (Griffith, 2005). Feminists, for example, argue that the conflicts between male and female relations are...

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Marxism and An Absolutely true story of

 Junior’s Journey: An Exploration of Marxism On and Off the Reservation By Tony Ventola LIT 650 Junior’s Journey: An Exploration of Marxism On and Off the Reservation By Tony Ventola Introduction Sherman Alexie is Native American poet, novelist and filmmaker. He was born in 1966 on the Spokane Indian Reservation in Wellpinit, Washington. Much of Alexie’s body of work revolves around themes of American/Indian relations, alcoholism, poor living conditions, violence and many other challenges...

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Marxism and Health Care

class and the lower class. In particular Marxism explores the working classes inability to exercise adequate control over the determinants of health. Through extensive analysis of Marxism’s various theories regarding health it becomes highly evident that when used as a theoretical perspective there is a level of contemporary resonance as it enables pivotal insight regarding a furthered sociological understanding of health. The theoretical perspective Marxism is a result of the writings of Karl Marx...

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Theory of Marxism and Sports

because of their economic and social dominance (Rigauer, 2000). The Marixst theory is set up on economic factors and puts to much considertion on them. According to Marx he thinks money is everything within society and social life. Marxism tries to identify which sports are accessible to whom. A recent example: in contemporary British society class differences regarding participation rates in different sports can be found. The higher the social class, the more likely the individual...

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Contributions and Drawbacks of Marxism

Contributions and Drawbacks of Marxism Marxism is a theoretical system that created by Marx and Engels based on labor movements in the 19th century. Marxism was written upon a materialist interpretation of history. The Marxist theoretical system consists of three parts: Marxist philosophy, Marxist political economy and scientific socialism, which were created on the basis of the German classical philosophy, the British classical political economy and French utopian socialist influence respectively...

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Marxism and Exchange Value

of paper, please answer the following questions. You are welcome to work with a group of 3-4 people, but no more than that. When your group spots each answer, shout out the page number and provide a brief answer. Marxism-Chapter 3 1) Even if there are no true Marxist societies on Earth, what does Marxist theory “give” us in terms of interpretation? Marxist theory gives a meaningful way to understand history and current events Pg.53 2) What would Marxist critics...

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Willam Blake London Marxism

manifesto, ‘They [the proletariat] are slaves of the bourgeois classes’, we can see how Blake’s ideas tie in directly with some of the core principles of marxism. Interestingly, Blake talks of how ‘every black’ning church appalls’ which too has relevance to the themes of expression. Although there is a more in depth argument regarding marxism and the role of religion, this solitary line effectively emphasises the crushing and restrictive ways of society. The church ought to be a centre for religious...

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William Blake- Marxism

William Blake: Songs of Experience- A Marxist response Marxism focuses on the political and economic philosophy in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society’s allegedly inevitable development. This development focuses on the departure from bourgeois oppression which is under the rule of a capitalist society to that of an ultimately classless society. William Blake wrote of social consciousness with the will to change society; one that lived their lives...

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Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of families and households

contribution of Marxism to our understanding of families and households (24 marks) Marxists see all society’s institutions as helping to maintain class inequality and Capitalism. Therefore, the main contribution of Marxism to families and households has been to explain how the family functions to maintain the interests of the bourgeoisie, and maintain the Capitalist system. Marxists’ contributions have drawn much criticism from New Right and Functionalist sociologists, who question whether Marxism can help...

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Marxism Crime & Deviance

Crime and Deviance This essay will evaluate the Marxist theory that the ruling class in society decides the law and enforces it, to reflect their own interests. Marxism is a political and social system based on the ideas of Karl Marx (1818-83). Marxist criminology theories began in the 1970’s. According to Marxists, society is controlled by the ruling capitalist class. They believe that in a capitalist society, a small group of wealthy people (the bourgeoisie), own the means of production...

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Looking at Alienation from Marxism

when bringing the concept of alienation forth. From the above, we can draw that not only does alienation but capitalism as whole further establish the inequalities that lie between classes and the different hierarchies in society and as much as Marxism is not really relevant in today’s society, the imbalances that Marx was talking about and the frustrations experienced by the working class in the form of alienation are very prevalent. Bibliography Draper, M. , Hagemeier, L., Nadasen, K. , Spicer...

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The Influence of Marxism in Australian Universities & Society

Karl Marx was one of the most celebrated, yet misconstrued philosophers of our time. His ideology was adopted by many systems throughout history, for models on economic and political structure. At the heart of Marxism exists a central relation between class and power within institutions of society. Universities are institutions which embody much of Marx's ideology on co-operation, wealth, consciousness and political rights. In particular, the purpose of this essay is to examine how Australian universities...

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Marxism in Goblin Market by Christina Rossetti

How is Marxism presented as a metaphor in Christina Rossetti’s poem ‘Goblin Market’? In Goblin Market, Rossetti presents Marxism as a metaphor through a number of different characters and through the language used. It could be argued that in the poem there is this idea that consumerism is bad, and that we are never satisfied with what we have which is essentially the theory behind Marxist views. An example of this in the poem is that once Laura has had a taste of the fruit she immediately wants...

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Marxism and Pluralism Views on Media

to perceive the power of the mass media (Curran, Gurevitch, Woollacott 2006:1). This essay will discuss these theories, namely the liberal-pluralist and Marxist approaches as well as the role of media in society according to these approaches. Marxism takes the view that media has an undisputable influence over society and that this helps preserve differences of power between social groups based on class, race and gender. (Burton, 2002:48). The Marxist approach stresses the power of the media to...

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Outline the Contribution of Marxism to Our Society

OUTLINE THE CONTRIBUTION OF MARXISM TO OUR UNDERSTANDING OF SOCIETY Marxism is an ideology based on the economic and political theories of Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels. Karl Marx who was born in Germany in 1818 was a revolutionary whose ideas on society were the foundation of communism. Under modern capitalism the means of production, such as factories, land, and technology are controlled by a small minority who Marx called the bourgeoisie. Production is carried out by the working class, known...

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Karl Heinrich Mark: Father of Modern Communism and Marxism

“If I had 26 letters of the alphabet I could rule the world.¹”Those are the words of one of the greatest philosophers. Karl Heinrich Mark, “The Founder, or the Father of Modern communism and Marxism” was born May 1818-July 1883. Karl was born into a wealthy family. (1) He was one of the most infamous philosophers and tacticians in the socioeconomic structure of our times. He was however infamous to many people because of his political, economic...

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Assess the usefulness of Marxism and other theories on society

 Assess the usefulness of Marxism and other conflict theories of our understanding of society. Although social conflict theories such as Marxism and feminism clearly have their weaknesses, as all sociological theories do, it is unreasonable to say that they are ‘irrelevant’ to an understanding of modern society, as a large amount of contemporary sociological research has its roots in conflict theory in some way. Marxism is a useful conflict theory in helping us to understand why there was obedience...

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Marxism Criticism Essay (Wuthering Heights)

Wuthering Heights Literary Criticism Essay: Marxism Emily Bronte’s Victorian novel, Wuthering Heights has formed four critical analysis perspectives: psychoanalytic, Marxist, feminist, and cultural studies. Despite these varying literary criticisms that have been contemplated by contextual documents, I feel that the Marxist outlook is the most valid of the four. In accordance to Marxists, literature itself, is a social establishment that has a distinct ideological function, based on the background...

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Assess The Contribution Of Marxism To Our Understanding Of Society

Assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of society [33 marks] Marxism is a macro/structural approach to society, meaning that it looks at the large-scale societal structure for answers about how society works and operates. They believe that structure is categorised into two kinds of structure; the infrastructure and the superstructure.  They believe the infrastructure is made up of the economic base and is made up of the social relations between the producers and who owns the means...

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William Blake: a Marxist Before Marxism

In his poem, "The Chimney Sweeper", William Blake displays the despondent urban life of a young chimney sweeper during the coming of the industrial revolution in order to emphasize the theme of innocence through Marxism and to inform people of the harsh working conditions during the times of child labor promoting political reform. William Blake was born in London on November 28, 1757, to James and Catherine Blake. From early childhood, Blake spoke of having visions. He learned to read and write at...

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“Marxism"

Marxism has become irrelevant in 21st century” Do you agree? Why? Content Introduction......................................................................P.3 Definition of keywords………………………………….P.4 Background of Marxism……………….……………….P.5-P.6 The element of Marxism…………………………..……P.7-P.17 * Class theory………………………………………………………. ..P.7-P.8 * Class struggle……………………………………………………….P.9 * Communism………………………………………………………...P.10-P.11 * Historical materialism………………………………………………P.12-P.13 ...

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Essay Title: Compare and Contrast Functionalism and Marxism.

Functionalism and Marxism are both known to be structural perspectives, due to the fact that they concentrate on a group of people rather than on the individual himself. Although very similar the two are different in very distinct ways, in fact Functionalism falls under the sub-heading of consensus structuralism, while Marxism falls under the sub-heading of conflict structuralism. As the sub-headings suggest they may be considered as opposites in various ways. The similarities and differences of...

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Modern Marxists and the Continuing Relevance of Marxism

Modern Marxists and the Continuing Relevance of Marxism However modern Marxists reject the above arguments and argue instead that the Marxist critique of capitalism is still relevant in the C21st . Thus modern Marxists and others have challenged all of the above theories of post-capitalism and continue to argue that despite theories of the managerial revolution, democratic pluralism significant changes in class structure that even nowadays that the rich continue to exercise massive economic and...

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How Does Marxism Explain the Role of Education in Society?

How does Marxism explain the role of education in society? The sociology of education is the study of how public institutions and individual experiences affect education and its outcomes. It is most concerned with the public schooling systems of modern industrial societies, including the expansion of higher, further, adult, and continuing education. Education has always been seen as a fundamentally optimistic human endeavour characterised by aspirations for progress and betterment. It is understood...

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Marxism

The heart of the emancipatory theory of Marxism is the idea that the full realization of human freedom, potential, and dignity can only be achieved uner conditions of “classlessness – the vision of a radically egalitarian society in terms of power and material welfare within which exploitation has been eliminated, distribution is based on the principle “to each according to need, from each according to ability” and the control over societ’ys basic productive resources is vested in the community rather...

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Revolutionary Means of Modernization: Marxism, Feminism, & Chinese Nationalism

period for guidance. The goals of the Marxist, Feminist, and Chinese Nationalist movements were similar in the fact that all desired equality, opportunity, and self government. Marxism, Feminism, and Chinese Nationalism all express the belief that the government should represent the people governed. Marxism stresses the need to eliminate social hierarchies and the turning of power to the Proletariat working class. Feminists desired equal representation in their governments. The Chinese Nationalist...

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‘Marxism Is No Longer Relevant to Our Understanding of Crime & Deviance in Society’

act seen as ‘abnormal’ and going against the norms & values o f Society, such as cross-dressing etc. Marx developed the idea of Marxism (a conflict theory between Upper and Lower social classes) in the 18th Century, when social classes were very clearly defined- the ‘Bourgeois’ and the ‘Proletariat’. For this very reason, what is known as ‘Traditional Marxism’ is now quite evidently outdated, mainly due to the emergence of the ‘Middle Class’ throughout the 20th Century and the ‘Digital Revolution’...

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Marxism Notes

Marx and the communist manifesto I. Karl Marx (1818-83) • Had an articulated view in history, and constructed his own narrative of history. • At the Crossroads of modern economics, history, politics, and sociology. • The post-revolutionary milieu, the French revolution. • Industrialism II. Revolution • A revolutionary philosophy • A fundamental changes in social relationships. • Industrial revolution o Urbanization ...

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Marxism in the Grapes of Wrath bye John Steinbeck

who gains money through misusing the effort of workers. Through capitalist economic relations, socialistic ideas are broken down to bias earnings of an individual. Through creating such divisions as the upper, middle, and lower class, the theory of Marxism analyzes what ways capitalism can be used against the people. In the Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck confronts this ideal and reveals what he believes regarding this subject. The Marxist theory of criticism examines the economic and governmental system...

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Assess the Usefulness of Marxism and Other Conflict Theories of Our Understanding of Society.

Assess the usefulness of Marxism and other conflict theories of our understanding of society. Marxism is a useful conflict theory in helping us to understand why there was obedience, particularly in the past in society. Marx was seen as an economic determinist, as he believed that the functioning and running of society was based upon the economy. Because of this, Marx says that is why there was a divide between the proletariat (working class who have only their skills to sell) and the bourgeoisie...

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In this essay I will describe two sociological perspectives; I will also explain the similarities and differences between two of the main theories functionalism and Marxism.

Functionalism and Marxism are traced back to theories adopted by sociologists in the nineteenth century. Marxism came from the German philosopher Karl Marx (1818-1883), whereas Functionalism was originally derived by Auguste Compte (1798-1857). It was then developed further by Emile Durkheim (1858-1917). Functionalist theories portray society as a structured system, which have a set of interconnected parts (or units) which together form a whole. These units are the institutions within society such...

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Marxism in Literature

Mary Gallagher Due: January 16, 2013 CLL 156 Mid-Term Many works of literature and even some films contain themes and evidence which supports Marx’s view of capitalism, as expressed in the Communist Manifesto. The Communist Manifesto includes many concepts relating to the continuous struggles between classes and their inevitable impact on history. The specific classes discussed in the Communist Manifesto are the proletariat and the bourgeois...

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Maoism in China In what ways and for what reasons did China develop its own brand of Communism/Marxism under Mao Tse-Tung ?

stage of Marxism-Leninism. This is because of the historical and cultural background of China and because of her geographical position and climate which affects society. Contrary to Russia, Communism developed in the countryside instead of in the cities. Thus it was a peasants' revolution rather than, as predicted by Karl Marx, a workers' revolution. The cities in China were at the beginning, anti-Communist. The Chinese absorption of Marxism was highly selective. China took from Marxism those aspects...

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Assess the Contribution of Marxism to Our Understanding of the Role of Education

Using material from Item A and elsewhere assess the contribution of Marxism to our understanding of the role of education. As mentioned in Item A, Marxists take a critical view of the role of education. They see society as based on class divisions and capitalist exploitations. The capitalist society is a two class system as mentioned in Item A and it consists of a ruling class, the bourgeoisie and the working class, the proletariat. The bourgeoisie exploits the proletariat according to Marxists...

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A Critical outline of the main features of Functionalism, Symbolic Interactionism And Marxism

maintenance of society as a whole. (Cited: Browne.K. 'Introducing Sociology', 2002). Functionalists are concerned with how the different parts of society contribute towards the whole. All members of society are imposed with common values and norms. Marxism sees the overall structure of society primarily determined or influenced by the economic system, the means of production, such as the land, factories and offices necessary to produce societies goods. (Cited; Browne.K 'Introducing Sociology' 2002)...

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Dehumanization: Marxism and Modern Era

Dehumanization is the process of stripping away or denying other’s access to basic human qualities or rights. An ideal society would be free of this inequality, however, during the modern era, encouraged by capitalism and free competition, it is difficult to maintain complete equality and fairness. In fact, three books from the reading list, Marx’s Communist Manifesto, Sumner’s essay, What the Social Classes Owe to Each Other, and Primo Levi’s tale of Survival at Auschwitz, truly illustrate how difficult...

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