"Communism" Essays and Research Papers


History Essay: Australia on Communism How did Australian governments deal with the perceived threat of communism after 1950, both at home and abroad? ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Communism was spreading during the 1950s. It seemed as though it had spread from the USSR to China and was still advancing, causing the Australian government to become fearful of communism eventually reaching Australia and the threat of communism existing within Australia...

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Plato Communism

PLATO'S THEORY OF COMMUNISM Plato was born in may/june 428/27 BC in Athens in an aristocratic family . Plato's real name was Aristocles.He excelled in the study of music , mathematics ,poetry and rhetoric . Plato met with Socrates in 407 BC and became his desciple . The execution of Socrates proved to be the turning point of Plato's life . Plato left Athens and went to many countries , studying mathematics and the historical traditions of the priests . He returned to Athens in 386 BC and established...

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Islam and Communism

Fidan Karimli Islam and Communism The communist ideology is in direct opposition with any religion as it clearly opposes the practice of religion and the existence of God. Nevertheless, neither of those practiced religions has resisted communism more than the Islamic states have at the time when communism was flourishing in different countries around the world. The fact that most states with a majority of Muslim population (even though some may be declared as secular states) attach great significance...

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Fall of Communism

How can we explain the sudden collapse of Communism in Europe? Communism was a very popular ideology which was in great favor during the inter-war period but in the 1980s, there was an unanticipated demise of Communism. So how can we explain the sudden collapse of communism in Europe? I would argue that there were several forces converging to the breakdown of communism in Eastern Europe. Factors such as the high expenses of engaging in nuclear arms, the lost of their satellite states, the growing...

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perfect communism

 Mrs. P 1st Block 8 March 2011 Perfect Communism The likes and differences of Carl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto and John Lennon’s song “Imagine” are exceedingly significant. In a world with threatening circumstances from other countries with different philosophies, John Lennon dreams of world peace. Research was done to elucidate Carl Marx’s theory, analyze John Lennon’s song “Imagine” and show the contrast between the two beliefs. In Carl Marx’s book The Communist Manifesto, he writes...

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Misconceptions of Communism

turned to Communism to answer the problems that Capitalism seem unable to solve. Although the Great Depression affected each class negatively, the middle/lower class seemed to be hit the hardest because of stock market crash combined with the dust bowl movement. At the time of the Great Depression, creating an equal class really sounded like a good idea because of its sympathy towards the working class rather than business owners. The appeal of Communism was protect...

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Fall Of Communism

what communism is at its most basic level. Simply put, communism is the idea that everyone in a given society receives equal shares of the benefits derived from labor. Communism is designed to allow the poor to rise up and attain financial and social status equal to that of the middle-class landowners. In order for everyone to achieve equality, wealth is redistributed so that the members of the upper class are brought down to the same financial and social level as the middle class. Communism also...

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Fall of Communism

failure of Communism in Eastern Europe The Failure of Communism in Eastern Europe Communism in the Eastern Europe was a result of various factors. Communism is based on the ideas and teachings of Karl Marx as modified by Lenin. At its most basic, the ideal of communism is a system in which everyone is seen as equal and wealth is distributed equally among the people. There is no private ownership and the state owns and controls all enterprises and property. The Soviet model of communism was based...

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Advantages of Communism

theoretically, help to raise labor productivity and advance a society in its development. Communist ideology advocates universal education with a focus on developing the proletariat with knowledge, class consciousness, and historical understanding. Communism supports the emancipation of women and the ending of their exploitation. Both cultural and educational policy in communist states have emphasized the development of a "New Man"—a class-conscious, knowledgeable, heroic, proletarian person devoted...

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Communism in Poland

COMMUNISM IN POLAND ! ! By the end of the Second World War a Communist regime had taken power with the help of the Soviet Union. Poland was a satellite state of the U.S.S.R, and were ruled by a one-party Communist regime, since the takeover during the Cold War (1945). The Cold War was a brief time of tension between the Untied Sates of America (U.S.A) and the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R). Without actual combat, the war lasted from 1945 to 1991. The U.S.S.R was trying to gain total power and...

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Communism in Malaya

Communism in Malaysia Communism as an ideology was first introduced to Malaya by Chinese anarchists, and not by Kuomintang Left, Indonesian communists or Chinese communists as claimed in existing scholarship. A handful of Chinese anarchists arrived in British Malaya during the First World War to take up positions as Chinese vernacular school teachers or journalists. These Chinese intellectuals harboured not only anarchism but also communism, commonly known then as anarchy-communism. The withdrawal...

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Communism in China

Communism in China Joe Wirth HST 204 “Spider Eaters”, a memoir composed by Rae Yang, presented the English readers her individual remembrances about the Great Proletariat Cultural Revolution (GPCR). This was a social-political movement that took place in the People's Republic of China from 1966 through 1976. Set into motion by Mao Zedong. The first edition, which was printed in 1997, started with a quotation of Lu Xun and Author’s Note. The quotation delivers an accurate reference for the memoir’s...

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Communism and Civilizations

emperors—"The wars of kings were over; the wars of peoples had begun" (R. R. Palmer, 1793). This pattern continued until the end of World War I. Once the Russian Revolution ended, the conflict of nations was transformed into the conflict of ideologies—communism, fascism and liberal democracy. The world became divided into the First, Second and Third Worlds during the cold war. Recently, countries are grouped in terms of their cultures and civilization—a cultural identity. The culture of a village in southern...

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Communism in China

Communism in China as we know has played a major role in the countries political system over the past century. Chen Duxiu and Li Dazhao were the co-founders of the communist party in 1921. At the time China was in a world or turmoil ever since the end of the Qing Dynasty in 1911. For 10 years China was lost in a world with new ideas coming from all over the world. At the time, Duxiu and Dazhao saw an opportunity to bring change throughout a weakened China and they exploited it. The communist influence...

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Communism and Popular Culture

over the subject of communism during the Cold War era. Historian Stephen J. Whitfield writes his secondary source entitled, “The Culture of the Cold War” which presents a detailed analysis pertaining to the lives of Americans on both sides of the political spectrum of anti-communism during the 1950s in United States. Questions arise that carry significance to cultural and social growth during the period: How was communism threatening the US and why? What did the threat of communism do to the culture...

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Communism vs Capitalism

Is Communism a better economic system than capitalism? By Michael Kujawski Since the beginning of the 20th century many countries have favored the economic system of communism over capitalism many political partys around the world that are communist based have the term “workers party”incuded in their name because communism is a system for the working class and capitalism is a competitive system for the upper class society to benefit. ...

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The Classical Communism and Modern Socialism

THE CLASSICAL COMMUNISM AND MODERN SOCIALISM SOCI 100 LESLEY LIN 2010.7.5 If one of your friend accepts the cosmetic surgery and he or she just looks so different than before. Do you think he or she is still the person you know before? My answer for this question is yes, I do think he or she is still the person I know because they have the same soul. People communicate with each other with their souls, but not the appearance! Soul is the most important thing of a person because...

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Communism V.S Capitalism

Capitalism vs. Communism Throughout history, there have been many systems developed in order to have a better society. Two of the most analyzed, and debated systems that have tired to change an economy for the best are communism, and capitalism. Communism, and capitalism have been compared on many levels, such as why they will or will not work, and which one works better. Throughout this essay I will concentrate on the differences, and similarities of how each operates, along with the benefits...

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Communism vs. Capitalism

according to his abilities, to each according to his needs.” There is no greater economic system that can rival the Utopian nature of Communism, yet this statement sent shivers down the spine of the Capitalist World. The concept was flawless however the implementation resulted in one of one of the most infamous Political systems in the world. Communism, in layman’s terms, is a revolutionary political system , aiming to create a classless, moneyless and stateless social order structured upon...

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Communism vs Capitalism

of the most debated, analyzed and argued about are Communism and Capitalism. Communism is a system of government where everyone and everything is considered equal, you work for the benefit of society. In other words, all the work you accomplish or funds you make go to the government where they make sure it is all redistributed equally to everyone. Two philosophers: Karl Marx and Freidrich Engels captured and theorized the basic concepts of communism. Vladimir Lenin went on to be the key founder of...

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Communism liberated women

Welcome everyone to the Brisbane ideas festival of 2014, I’m Frances Golding here to discuss the revolutionary emancipation of women in china under communist rule… Communism redefined China and the cultural normalities seen throughout its imperial period to represent a nation of gender amalgamation as opposed to discriminatory gender segregation (China.org.cn). This ideology established a concept on the basis that each person produced according to their ability and received according to their needs...

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Communism vs Democracy

Communism Vs Democracy Democracy and communism are the two main governing systems ever to be set into motion. Effects of both of these systems can be observed in many countries worldwide. Democracy is the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives, whereas communism is a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership which means that all means of production such as land and natural resources are owned by the entire community. Of course...

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Capitalism Versus Communism

CAPITALISM |COMMUNISM | | |Definition: *An economic system based on the private ownership of |Definition: *A social, political and economic ideology that tends | |the means of production (technology, transport, and banking). |to establish a society essentially based on the private ownership of| | |the means of production. | | ...

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Communism vs Capitalism

Communism vs. Capitalism In the political tract the Communist Manifesto, Karl Marx describes communism as the party that "fights for the interests of the working class" while capitalists are considered "dependent and have no individuality -- only capital is dependent and has individuality". Both of Marx's statements are true in nature but when the two economic systems are put in practice, they quickly disintegrate into the same end result today, that is to say that most communistic nations...

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Australia’s Response to the Threat of Communism

Australia’s response to the threat of communism Communism is a system of social organization in which all economic and social activity is controlled by a totalitarian state dominated by a single and self-perpetuating political party. In theory, under communism, all means of production are owned in common, rather than by individuals. In practice, a single authoritarian party controls both the political and economic systems. ‘During the Cold War period Australia responded in various ways to the...

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Finding the Causes of Communism

Finding the causes of communism The ideas of communism can be traced back to the beginning of time, when man still lived in small, primitive communities. In these communities the members needed to rely on each other for survival. They shared everything they had, and each member provided protection for the whole. Nobody was wealthy or poor; everybody was equal. These social systems, as time went on, completely changed and became a lot more complex. Social classes came into existence bringing...

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Animal Farm: Comparison to Communism

George Orwell, a new “political party” is created by the members of their animalian society, which is not only comparable to Communism in theory but also in execution. This so-called political party goes by the name of Animalism; a name that is reminiscent of Communism due to the pronunciation. There is far more to Animalism than the name that brings the thought of Communism to mind. The idea of Animalism (the name would come later from a different source) was brought forth by one of the oldest...

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Evolution of Communism in Europe

Evolution of Communism in Europe Outline: Thesis: Communism in Europe faced a lot of mutations with the contribution of big philosophers and leaders like Marx, Lenin, and Gramsci and evolved to become the socialism we know today. I – Marxism A – Overview B – Major Elements II – Stalinism A – Overview B – Contribution of Stalin III – Eurocommunism A – Overview B – Description C – Major Elements IV – Socialism A – Overview B – Major Elements V – Future of Socialism ...

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Fascism vs. Communism

them. The most comparable and recognizable aspect of fascism and communism was the fact that both Hitler and Stalin wanted a radical change for their states. In order to attain the transformation, violence was used on both their parts, which offended and anguished peoples lives. There are minor differences in relation to all of these examples; however, fascism and communism were essentially the same. Both fascism and communism supported one-party governments in order to gain absolute power,...

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Communism And The United States

were in the war were going through an adjustment period to try to get back what they lost in the war. Vladamir Lenin, the Russian Premier, started Communism in Russia. He loved the idea of Communism and wanted to spread it around the world. Because of this America went through a period called the Red Scare, where Americans feared the spread of Communism to America. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Venzetti were two Italian immigrants who were tried and put to death for a double murder and robbery in South...

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The Australian Government's Response to Communism

Australian Government respond to the threat of communism both at home and overseas?” With the conclusion of World War II in 1945, the world was left divided between two different political beliefs of the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist and democratic United States. The rivalry between these two superpowers, known as the Cold War, threatened Australia’s peace & security, therefore the Australian Government was forced to respond to the threat of communism both at home & off its shores. The Australian...

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Karl Marx and the Idea of Communism

Karl Marx’s claim that capitalism is important to human development but must be overcome and a system put into place that would eventually evolve into communism is unrealistic. Although the idea of communism, a social system designed to promote a classless society where everyone is truly equal and social problems such as racism, sexism and oppression do not exist, would be favourable to a capitalist society, it is unachievable as it doesn’t comprehend an individuals personal desire, the labour classes...

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Anti-Communism in the 1950s

Anti-Communism in the 1950s In 1950, fewer than 50,000 Americans out of a total US population of 150 million were members of the Communist Party. Yet in the late 1940s and early 1950s, American fears of internal communist subversion reached a nearly hysterical pitch. Government loyalty boards investigated millions of federal employees, asking what books and magazines they read, what unions and civic organizations they belonged to, and whether they went to church. Hundreds of screenwriters, actors...

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Communism Is Better Than Capitalism

prove that Communism is a better form of economic organization, compared to capitalism. I will use these following examples equality, employment, health care and society, to show why Communism is a better form of economic organization. First of all in a communist regime, people are all equal to each other no matter how educated that person is, in the eyes of the government. For example a Surgeon how is very well educated is equal in status with a peasant farmer because in communism their is...

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Communism vs Fascism

Communism and Fascism are two types of government that are dictatorships. Both were made out to be solutions to the poor conditions of their homelands and were pushed by men such as Karl Marx, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini. Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto and Hitler wrote his 25 Points which were used to introduce both Communism and Fascism to the people of Europe. Mussolini also defined fascism in the Italian Encyclopedia. In the end, Fascism succeeded and became the government of multiple...

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Communism Versus Capitalism

defined by name or not: communism and capitalism. Their ideologies are inherently contrasting, and often hostile to one another. Throughout the hostilities, slander and governmental propaganda has become widespread creating fear and hate towards communism, although in some communist countries the same can be claimed. In this document, I will juxtapose these ideological differences and hopefully disperse any misconceptions you may have of the two systems. To understand communism, one must fully comprehend...

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How Australia Reacted to the Threat of Communism

How Australia reacted to the threat of communism The “threat” of communism that the Australian government produced is highly debatable issue. Australia was being exposed to Communism, which was spreading south from Russia, through Asia and ultimately to Australia. The domino theory was a key belief in the mind of the public, spreading fear throughout the world. The Liberal party exploited the threat of Communism and the domino theory to help with their election campaign. They attempted to ban the...

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Totalitarian Communism Paper

“Australia’s descent into totalitarianism” YEAR 11 MODERN HISTORY SEMESTER 2 RESEARCH ASSIGNMENT BY MICHAEL STUART PRESENTED TO MR BUCKLAND Rationale: Being of a capitalist-libertarian viewpoint I am personally irked by the concepts of both communism and totalitarianism. Despite my strongly held (and what some would call radical) views on politics, welfare and firearm ownership I was reluctant to choose this topic. However, after much procrastination and apparently futile mind mapping I decided...

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Communism in Cuba: Positive or Negative for Its Citizens?

Communism is a system of government in which the state plans and controls the economy and a single party holds power, claiming to make progress toward a higher social order in which all goods are equally shared by the people. The idea of communism started in the 19th century by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engals. When communism first started it was an idea of a society based on common ownership of property. That idea eventually turned political and communism turned into a government. There have been...

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Communism over Capitalism

Communism over Capitalism Communism is one of the world’s most famous government styles. Communism is basically a theory where the administration will take care of the people. The government will provide housing, money, food, jobs, ect. to everyone in the country. Sounds good right? According to most Americans this is just a hoax and their “care” is a loaf of bread when they feel like it and a pathetic excuse for a shack. You all have your ideas but today we are going to put them to the test to...

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Has the Fall of Communism Benefited Russia?

Has the fall of communism benefited Russia? I have always wondered how other countries are impacted by communism, because my home country also has a few independent communist parties, such as the CPP. Communism seems like such a perfect form of government, but it does have some flaws. Ever since the fall of communism in 1991, Russia’s economy has plummeted. Communism is an economic system where everything is owned by the government, and everyone is treated and paid equally. I believe that Russia...

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Collapse of Communism in East Europe

The Collapse of Communism in Eastern Europe The collapse of communism in eastern europe can be based on three disticnct factors. Factor 1: People Power May: Hungary opens its borders with non communist Austria. Hungarians had already been granted the rights to free travel. However many east germans started using this route to get to west germany. June-August: protests against communist rule In poland continue throughout the summer. In august, communist party leaders agree truly free elsections...

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Communism in the Soviet Union and Why It Failed

Communism in the Soviet Union and Why it Failed Communism is defined as "a system of political and economic organization in which property is owned by the community and all citizens share in the enjoyment of the common wealth, more or less according to their need." In 1917 the rise of power in the Marxist-inspired Bolsheviks in Russia along with the consolidation of power by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, the word communism came to mean a totalitarian system controlled by a single political...

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The Fall of Communism in Russia/Soviet Union

Communism in the USSR was doomed from the onset. Communism was condemned due to lack of support from other nations, condemned due to corruption within its leadership, condemned due to the moral weakness of humanity, making what is perfect on paper, ineffective in the real world. The end of this system was very violent. It left one of the two most powerful nations in the world fearful of what was to come. <br><br>Communism can either be called a concept or system of society. In a society that follows...

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Nationalism V Communism

believed in reclaiming China from the warlords to return peace and stability to the populace. His efforts were never realized because following his death Chiang Kai-shek became the new leader of the KMT, one who wanted to “eliminate the cancer of Communism.” He accomplished this through what would come to be known as ‘The Shanghai Purge’. His aim was to rid the entire country of Communists and thus commenced a campaign of absolute bloodshed. By doing this, he destroyed all relations with the Communist...

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Communism vs Socialism vs Capitalism

Communism vs. Socialism vs. Capitalism With every type of government, there are going to be many inefficiencies and flaws to deal with. A perfect way to run a country, socially and economically, has yet to be discovered. Social Equality and economic opportunity have proven throughout history to be two great entities that cannot be intertwined with each other. The idea of running communist country is good willed because it is striving for social equally for all and equal possession of the country's...

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Karl Marx: Beating Capitalism with Communism

for the rich… Marx believed the solution to capitalism was a transition into communism. He said, “communism is for us not a state of affairs which is to be established, an ideal to which reality [will] have to adjust itself. We call communism the real movement which abolishes the present state of things. The conditions of this movement result from premises now in existence” (33) The equality that comes from communism allows each individual to be his or her “better person” not by being better then...

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Communism Under Stalin vs. Mao

immense suffering during the many years under these two leaders. But, some would consider these sacrifices necessary in order to construct these two countries and make them both on the same level as the most powerful countries in the world. Communism in Russia began roughly in the early 1900s after the Russian Revolution. Though it was in its early stages, it had great potential to grow. For the longest time, Russia had been ruled by royalty known as tsarists. Early communists and tsarists...

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Was Mikhail Gorbachev Responsible for the Fall of Communism in Russia?

Was Mikhail Gorbachev responsible for the fall of communism in Russia? Mikhail Gorbachev was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. He was a powerhouse and an effective leader who turned Russia around by improving the economy through his domestic reforms [Perestroika (restructuring), Glasnost (openness)] and ending the cold war. Although Gorbachev was born during the reign of the communist government and was elected by the politburo he was responsible...

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Communism vs. Liberalism

Communism vs. Liberalism The farther and farther this class drove on through the semester, the more I heard the phrase repeated “what if there is no answer to the question?” In both On Liberty and the Communist Manifesto I feel they address this phrase, just in their own words. There is no one size fits all answer and now I am starting to understand that is truthful. Everyone believes that people are different; they think different, they act different, and they want different things. If that is...

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"How successful is Democracy compared to Communism"

Democracy vs. Communism Democratic and communist political systems are based on different ideological principles. Although superficially they seem to share the "power to the people" philosophy, in practice the two systems of government structure the economic and political fabric of society in markedly different ways. In the economic sphere, communism calls for the government to take control of all the capital and industry in the country in an effort to get rid of economic inequality. On...

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Compare and Contrast essay Capitalism V. Communism

the top twenty percent of Americans control 85 percent of the countrys wealth. This obvious economic inequality is the greatest shortcoming of capitalism, and the primary reason for the creation of communism. Under communism the government controls every aspect of the economy and society. Communism calls for a classless society in which there is no private property and citizens work for the good of the state rather than their personal well being. The few examples of pure communist countries - North...

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Karl Heinrich Mark: Father of Modern Communism and Marxism

“If I had 26 letters of the alphabet I could rule the world.¹”Those are the words of one of the greatest philosophers. Karl Heinrich Mark, “The Founder, or the Father of Modern communism and Marxism” was born May 1818-July 1883. Karl was born into a wealthy family. (1) He was one of the most infamous philosophers and tacticians in the socioeconomic structure of our times. He was however infamous to many people because of his political...

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SOVIET COMMUNISM VS. CHINESE COMMUNISM The Soviet Union and China are the two important states in the world history that practiced a form of communism. However, communism in the Soviet Union collapsed while it still survives in China. What were the reasons: what caused the collapse in the Soviet Union and why has the Chinese communist-party state has been more durable than the Soviet Union? The Soviet communism ignored basic human desires like desires to own property and to express your opinions...

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Communism V. Capitalism: the Never-Ending Debate…

Will Rogers once stated, “Communism is like prohibition; it’s a good idea but it won’t work.” Since it’s inception in mid 1800’s, Communism has been an idea that has had its ups and downs. Based on the idea of eliminating class antagonism, Communism is a synthesis of two separate entities. In a class system there exist owners and workers. Owners control the majority of the wealth and means of production. These persons were referred to as the bourgeoisie where as the workers, who only earned...

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How Did Australia Respond to the Threat of Communism in 1950

involvement in the Vietnam War? From 1962 until 1972 Australia was involved in the Vietnam War. Approximately 47 000 Australian men and a large number of women severed there. The decision to commit troops to the conflict centred on the fear of communism. Why did Australia become involved in the War? The two main alliance agreements establishing Australia security were:  _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________...

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The Rise and Fall of Communism in the Soviet Union

command system, which is also described as Marxism, socialism, or communism, is both a political and economic philosophy. In a communist economy, the government owns most of the firms, subsequently controlling production and allocation of resources. One of the most well-known and well-documented cases of a communist government took place in the Soviet Union, beginning in 1917 and eventually falling in 1992. Idealistically, communism eliminates social classism and provides equal work for all in a...

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George Orwell’s "Animal Farm": The Rise of Communism

Orwell effectively conveys the rise of communism in Russia throughout the book Animal Farm by the accurate elucidation of the context in the Soviet Union from 1917-1945. Orwell’s attitude and political view towards Russia is evident in his representation of the farm animals on Communist Party leaders: Napoleon and Snowball, for example, are figurations of Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky, respectively. He expresses the anthropomorphic characters of farm animals, and major events in Animal Farm such...

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How Did the Australian Government Respond to the Threat of Communism After Wwii?

Australia faced the threat of communism after WWII ended in 1945. The threat was known as the Red Menace which was caused by all the conflicts in Asia and also things that were going on in Australia at the time. The Australian government responded to the Red Menace in many ways. They took military action, made alliances, gave economoc aid and tried banning the Communist Party in Australia. Communism is a social organisation where everyone in the country/community all have common property and money...

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How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed

How We Survived Communism and Even Laughed, written by Croatian author Slavenka Drakulic, details the daily lives of people living under communist rule. She recalls a multitude of personal experiences she has had growing up under a communist regime, and the transition from communism to democracy in the late 1980's. Drakulic seems to have a general dislike for the way the communist government treats its people, and strives to relate these feelings to the reader. She opens her book with a passage about...

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