"Democracy" Essays and Research Papers


Democracy Democracy has become a dominant form of the government, that using in many countries. Democracy is a government form, which is the citizen should have a decision to vote their leader directly for their own country or elect the leader for the other problems. Democracy can develop it, if the majority and the minority party or the association willing works together. Which is everybody can talk and have an opinion, than will put the all idea together and take a better decision for the...

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giving the federal government very little power to affect the economy. Modern judicial interpretation has allowed the federal government to have a much greater influence over the economy. The Framers created a representative democracy because they were fearful of direct democracy. Dahl says this is a result of underestimating the ability of the American people as a whole to guide the country on a stable, free-market path that would have respected the property rights of land owners. What kind of constitution...

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In a democracy the poor will have more power than the rich, because ther are more of them, and will of the majority is supreme” Aristotle Democracy is a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elected representatives. Abraham Lincoln described democracy as: “The government of the people, by the people and for the people”. It means that in democratic form of government common man plays the pivotal role. The aristocracy, the land lords...

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What is Democracy? 1.government by the people; a form of government in which thesupreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly bythem or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. 2.a state having such a form of government. 3.a state of society characterized by formal equality of rights andprivileges. 4.political or social equality; democratic spirit. 5.the common people of a community as distinguished from anyprivileged class; the common people with respect to theirpolitical power...

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Democracy: The Best of the Worst Democracy is without a doubt a fairly successful system of governance. Although dozens of systems have been tried over the ages, the world has been continuously edging towards increasingly democratic models, at least in baby steps when not in great leaps and bounds. And yet Winston Churchill - both the product and professional beneficiary of a modestly democratic system - suggested that he considered it to be paradoxically "the worst form of government except all...

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the world are democracies. Knowing what is a democracy is really important, especially for those who live in a democracy. It allows you to understand what is the rule that the government plays in the society and know what are your rights and duties under a democratic administration. This essay will seek to define Democracy, the meaning of the word, the system and the history, and describe two of the most famous democracies: Direct democracy and Representative democracy. Democracy is a form of...

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Democracy in Pakistan

DEMOCRACY IN PAKISTAN OUTLINES 1. Introduction 2. What is democracy? 3. Nature of democracy. 4. Beginning of democracy 5. Democracy since creation 6. Causes of failure of democracy 7. Impacts of democracy 8. Measures for the survival of democracy 9. Conclusion “The essence of democracy is its assurance that people should so respect himself and should be so respected in his own personality that he should have opportunity equal to that of every other human being to show what he was meant...

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Demerits of Democracy

Demerits of Democracy More emphasis on quantity than on quality: Majority party holds the reins of government. Inefficient & corrupt, who have neither intelligence nor vision, get themselves elected. Rule of the incompetent Democracies are run amateurs. In it, every citizen is allowed to take part, whereas everybody is not fit for it. Locke calls it the act of running administration by the ignorant. He says that history records the fact that a few are intelligent. Universal adult...

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Democracy Fail

ail In Pakistan, democracy has been tried several times, and each time it has failed, there is no doubt about that. It has failed to provide people with necessities of life, provide security and uproot poverty and corruption. There have been several reasons given to us repeatedly for its failure such as weak judiciary, lack of education, strong military influence in the country etc. However, we must realize that these are not the reasons for the failure of the system; rather these are problems emanating...

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Industrial Democracy

Industrial Democracy By Bertell Ollman Democracy, industrial, is the application of the doctrines of democratic theory to people's lives as workers. Democracy is always rules by the people, and the key questions it raises are which people? Over what range of problems are they to rule? How much power should they have? And through what mechanisms and procedures should these powers be exercised? Industrial democracy is the attempt to supply answers to these questions in regard to people's lives...

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Indian Democracy

‘Is Indian Democracy Alive and Kicking?’ “As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master.” This was the idea of Abraham Lincoln’s about democracy. Though very true in its basic form, does this idea hold true In the Indian context? After completing 62 years of being a ‘sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic’ and currently being in the 65th year of its independence, we can definitely call India a successful democracy for sustaining all the ups and downs in these years. The political...

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What is Democracy

What is Democracy? Though there is no exact definition of a democracy, it does “refer to a regime whereby political power is widely spread,” (68 Gerner, Ferdinand, and Lawson) and involves equality when it comes to politics. In a democracy, the people run the government. This system is thought to have four key elements: a system in which the government is chosen or replaced through free and fair elections, active participation of the people in politics and civic life, protection of the human...

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Elections in a Democracy

Elections certainly are a necessary element in a functioning democracy. Elections charachetristcally exist to provide the governed with voice and choice so as to whom they are governed by. Elections although essential are not the only prerequisite to democracy. A successful democracy should have a strong constitution that advocates protection of civil liberties and prescribes a separation of powers. In a democracy elections are vital but a constitution is first and foremost the greater necessity...

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Islam and Democracy

The University of montana Political science 400 Islam and Democracy Daniel Ryan 4/4/2013 In the realm of world politics today the concern of the stability of countries in the Muslim world is increasing. In newspapers and news shows on an almost if not daily bases there are stories on the rise of political turmoil and an increase of Islamic influence and precepts in the Muslim world. This increase has many concerned about the future of the Muslim world. What does this mean for the...

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Democracy in Pakistan

Democracy in Pakistan Posted on January 24, 2012 by admin786| Leave a comment Anwar Syed We hear almost every day some commentators saying that democracy in Pakistan is in danger of being overthrown by hostile forces, and further that the democracy we do have is not the genuine article. These observations will bear scrutiny. It is not clear who the foes of democracy are and what they expect to gain from its demise. One explanation may be that the army chief and the DG ISI, who have traditionally...

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Crisis in Democracy

According to Hewitt (2011) “the European Union's finest hour was when it stood as a beacon for democracy, the rule of law and a civil society and enticed the peoples of Eastern Europe to embrace freedom.” Despite such a rich tradition of democracy, the burning question which has been recurrently on the lips of renowned academics and political thinkers/actors is whether or not Britain is facing a crisis in democracy, with some responding to this question in the affirmative. It has therefore been argued by...

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weaknesses of democracy

Weaknesses of modern democracy Political science 202 01/01/2013 “Democracy is the worst form of government, except for all those others that have been tried from time to time.” These are the words used by Sir Winston Churchill while he was expressing his resolve with democracy. Democracy is the dominant form of government in the world with the exception of a few countries. In Sir Winston’s statement, the phrase, “except all those others that have been tried from time...

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Democracy of Kyrgyzstan

Democracy of Kyrgyzstan Is Kyrgyzstan a democratic country or is it still an authoritarian regime? Different experts might have different answers and opinions to this question. In order to find an accurate answer to this question, it is important to know profound definitions of both democracy and authoritarian regime. As a student who is still learning about democracy, I define democracy as a political system in which citizens have the power to elect politicians to present them, through a free and...

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The Athenian Democracy

Week 3 : The Ancient Greece Democracy in Ancient Greece was the ideal way of governing, since all the citizens could take part to the political life. To this day, Athens represents the only example of a direct democracy. The Persians have always had a very different culture from the Greek culture, so we can call it almost the opposite. The Persians have tried to conquer the Greek islands many times, but every time the Greek countries (that used to fight each other) have found the power to unite...

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Democracy or Dictatorship

Democracy or Dictatorship It is very unfortunate that after 63 years of creation of Pakistan added to the 200 years of struggle against foreign intruders, we are still debating over Democracy and Dictatorship is Pakistan. We were able to get an independent state but failed to give freedom, equality, tolerance, social justice and democracy to its people. Iqbal’s Pakistan was never achieved; we got Jinnah’s Pakistan but lost part of it in 1971. It’s up to us whether we blame it on failed democracy...

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The Paradox of Democracy

is conducted in accordance with excellence.” (Aristotle, N. Ethics 1295a- 25) In terms of Democracy, Plato and Aristotle differ extensively. For instance, Plato considers Democracy as a fundamentally corrupted form of government, where the possession of power rests upon the will of the masses, which for Plato are incapable of achieving true knowledge. Conversely, Aristotle recognizes Democracy among the best forms of governance. However, he argues that democratic rule, if exercise in the form...

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Democracy in India

Dance of Democracy An era of change has begun. In 1950, a democratic government in India was formed. Democracy - a form of government which is for the people, of the people and by the people. Democracy - a form of government where the ultimate power resides with the people. Democracy - a gift to our country. Most people reading this would by now have added another exclamation. Democracy – What a joke. In today’s day and time the idea of democracy is dead in the minds of the people. We...

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The Press in a Democracy

societies. Today, despite the press throwing out propaganda for sleaze, sensationalism and superficiality, using the media as a watchdog and guardian, remains deeply engrained in a democratic society. The reality is that the media in new and restored democracy does not always live up to expectations to the public. They are restrained by stringent laws, monopolies, and sometimes physical force. Serious reporting is difficult to sustain in competitive media markets that put a premium on the shallow and...

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Education and Democracy

Jiaxin Yin 31 May 2012 Education and Democracy This paper discusses how the United States and China achieve democracy through education by analyzing what kind of education benefits a democratic society. Problem-posing education, which emphasizes communication and consciousness, seems can benefit a democratic society but cannot profit the oppressors; Paulo Freire believes that banking education prevails for it can benefit the oppressors and a democratic society in terms of equity. No Children Left...

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Dictatorship and Democracy

Dictatorship and Democracy Benazir Bhutto was a renowned politician and the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan during a time that changed the face of the world; the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks of the World Trade Center, Pentagon and Flight 95. She was outspoken against the policy, rhetoric and agenda of Al Qaeda. On the 4th of October 2002, Bhutto gave a speech to the world stating that Al Qaeda not only victimized western society, but victimized Muslim Nations and the people of...

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French Democracy

Democracy Paper- France. Although the Greeks might claim that democracy originates from the ancient city state of Athens, the French could plausibly argue that modern democracy emanates from the French Revolution of 1789. Many Nation-states pattern there government, democracy and constitution after the French. Although the course of democracy in France has hardly run smooth since then, it is still to this present day a democracy non-the less. Unlike the American political system and the British...

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Democracy in Iraq

Establishing a stable democracy in Iraq is it possible? In order to create an established stable environment you have to consider what type of relationship is necessary to have between government and religion. Second, what are some preconditions that are vital for the transformation to democracy. Third should the Islamist parties have the right to introduce legislation and govern the country. As you are aware religion fuels a lot of the politics in the Arab world, for instance the Muslim Brotherhood...

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History of Democracy

simply it is a document where two men argue over two forms of government, democracy and despotism. Theseus was arguing in favor of democracy whereas the Herald, also known as a messenger, was arguing in favor of despotism. After a dialogue of opposing views, it set a foundation of ideas that we can fall back on and refer to in the further developing of government. With this, too, brought to light the fact that although democracy allows every individual to contribute their opinions, it does not guarantee...

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Individualism and Democracy

 Individualism and Democracy Why do we inherently choose to address our differences by either ignoring them or fighting about them? From a young age we are taught to conform to what is normal and reject what is not. In elementary school we learn from our friends to shun and bully kids who are different. We pick on the boy who is short and does not play any sports. We won’t play on the playground with the girl who always dresses in old fashioned clothes. We mock the child who talks with a lisp...

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Democracy in the Netherlands

ranking list of WorldAudit.org, a leading observer in the field of democracy, corruption and human rights. It seems to be a truly democratic country, but is it really democratic? Or is it just a country that is not too undemocratic? We will evaluate this, by looking at what democracy precisely is and how it is implemented in the Dutch society. The robustness of the Dutch democracy will also be looked at. Definition of democracy According to Locke, humans are naturally free, equal and independent...

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Democracy and Industrialization

Democracy and Industrialization were both key factors in the development of western and non-western civilizations. These two forces of change were equally significant in their impacts on society. By exploring the distinctive characteristics of these two forces, it becomes very clear just how important each of them were to our world, both yesterday and today. Furthermore, after dissecting important information from primary and visual sources, I will explain how they illustrate this impact of change...

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disadvantage of democracy

The primary disadvantages of democracy are a general lack of accountability, the prospect of personal interest becoming the predominant factor in decisions, and negative financial implications. A democracy lays the power to make decisions in the hands of the majority. This, ironically, places an emphasis on both individual and group power. A group controls the decision-making process, but an influential individual can control the group. The issue with democracy, in spite of the power of the people...

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Jacksonian Democracy

Jacksonian Democracy Worksheet Jackson and his followers, known as “Jacksonian Democrats” became popular in the 1920s and continued as one of the stronger of the political factions in America up until the time surrounding the election of James Buchanan. Jacksonians prided themselves on upholding the Constitution, political democracy, individual liberties, and economic opportunity. Jacksonian ideals did uphold the Constitution, but their view of themselves beside that is only partially accurate...

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Media and Democracy

undermine or enhance democracy in Britain? Democracy means ‘rule by the people’ and for this to function properly, it requires an informed public. Media provides this information to the public and therefore, the very definition of media suggests it is a democratic device; The media includes all organizations such as television, radio and newspapers, which provide news and information for the public. media informs and empowers all members of society, therefore enhancing democracy. However, there are...

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Democracy in Germany

The collapse of the democracy in Germany between 1928 and 1934 was not contributed by one single event but by a wide ranging, and large number of factors, making it vulnerable to sudden shock. In some ways, the complexity of contributing factors to the collapse of democracy can be depended on the shaky foundations, lack of a democratic tradition and flaws within the constitution. Like the article 48, it created opportunities for the corrupt high commands to abuse the democratic authority, the appointment...

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Is Democracy Working?

Is American Democracy Working? American democracy is one of the very calm kinds of government in the world while it is a long way from ideal. The American democracy in which we exist has several strengths and weaknesses. Neither strengths or weaknesses out weigh one another, however it is important to have both due to the changing definitions. A democracy is a government that is run by the people. The politicians that we elect to run...

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Democracy & Corruption

Qualification -- BE(Civil) Address -- A/11,Road No.-7 Extn.,New Dalma View Colony Old Sonari,Jamshedpur – 831011,Jharkhand Mobile No. -- 09178 460 468/773 565 86 35 E-mail -- raj_red123@rediffmail.com Democracy And Corrupt Politicians Democracy in India has the distinction of being world’s largest functioning democracy.Ever since her independence ,India has been living and developing through a democratic system of governance involving a self rule of the people.Till today...

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EQUALITY AND DEMOCRACY  South Asian countries have fundamentally regarded economic development as a political matter.  Another thing that differentiates South Asia is her commitment to egalitarianism in terms of planning.  In terms of guiding beliefs, there is a similarity between South Asia and the West. However, a time dimension is involved.  During West Asia’s development period, social welfare was still in its early stages.  Social welfare was part of abstracts by scholars and even rebels...

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Fundamentalism and Democracy

Fundamentalism and Democracy Political systems and religions have consistently coincided in a climate of pressure. The same applies to relations between democracy and religion. There are natural contrasts between the two. Democracy is pluralism, while religion is uniqueness. Democracy is power by the individuals, for the individuals, it is along these lines dependent upon the differences of truths and...

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Theory of Democracy

The demography of Rohingya in Rakhine State in the Future Theories of Democracy IPO 231 Date: 27 July, 2012 ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Introduction The study on theories of democracy is interested but complicated to practice in political situation in Myanmar. Because there have been changed the dictatorship government to the democratic government in the past years, it political and Human Rights rose such...

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Democracy or Dictatorship

Democracy or dictatorship? [pic] We all have been saying in the past and even now that even the worst democracy is better than dictatorship but the question we need to ask ourselves is that even after all the efforts made by the lawyers movement and fresh elections in pakistan have we achieved a REAL democracy? At this present time we got two mainstream parties PPP and PML(a-z) both been controlled in undemocratic ways where one person lead it and no matter what happens he/she is gonna be leader...

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Democracy and Greeks

books. Enlightenment includes in political thought, widespread rational Arguments in favor of free thought, human rights, equality and democratic Values came from the Greeks. The use of democracy and government Came from the Greeks. The symbols that we use today came from the Greeks. Also the architecture used came from the Greeks. Out of Hebrews, Romans, Christians, Greeks the Greeks have...

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Athenian Democracy and Present Democracy

similarities and differences between the Greek concept of democracy and present day representative democracy? The Greece word 'demokratia', which means 'governement by the people', was first used by the Greece to show their political system. Back to the 5th century BC of the classical Greece period to the modern 21st century, over such a long period of time, threre are still some similarities bewteen the Athenian democracy and our present democracy. Like our modern voting districts, the Athenian country...

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Democracy: Advantage and Dis Advantage

disadvantages of democracy. Concepts of democracy (essay) I’m going relate about democracy regime of operation. Actually I’ll do accent on disadvantage of democracy. Because majority of the country is developing in democracy way, but not every country achieves perfection in spite of that democracy is the best and more acceptable way of operation. Disadvantages of democracy. I think who represent the democracy system is the ideal political regime they aren't right. In practice, democracy is not the...

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Communism vs Democracy

Communism Vs Democracy Democracy and communism are the two main governing systems ever to be set into motion. Effects of both of these systems can be observed in many countries worldwide. Democracy is the political orientation of those who favor government by the people or by their elected representatives, whereas communism is a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership which means that all means of production such as land and natural resources are owned by the entire community. Of course...

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Future Of Democracy In India

FUTURE OF DEMOCRACY IN INDIA “Democracy is more a way of life than a form of government.” – Abraham Lincoln. The framers of Indian Democracy would have never thought that one day their brainchild would be the largest Democracy in world. After World War II all the countries which gained independence and became democratic along with India have either turned into dictatorship or come under army rule. Ever since India, achieved...

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Canadian Democracy Its Strengths and Weaknesses

“The spirit of democracy cannot be imposed from without. It has to come from within”. (Gandhi) A lawful and fair democracy is one that represents the people, where the will of the people is done not where the government’s will is enforced. Here in Canada we believe a democratic government is well suited for its people but like any other system it has its flaws. This country was a model democracy. Canada’s wealth, respect for legal, human and civil rights almost promises that this country has the...

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Monarchy, Oligarchy, and Democracy.

government is: MONARCHY: a form of government with a monarch at the head. Monarch: a hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor OLIGARCHY: a small group of people having control of a country, organization, or institution. DEMOCRACY: a system of government by the whole population or all the eligible members of a state, typically through elections. ------------------------------------------------- Oligarchy: These people could be distinguished by royalty, wealth, family...

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Is Democracy Compatible with Elitism

Is democracy compatible with elitism? Introduction: To analyse the compatibility of democracy with elitism it is first important to define both the terms democracy and elitism. Democracy is in its simplest form is the rule for the people by politicians etc, and elitism is most simply known as ‘a class that rules and a class that is ruled’. This therefore opens up the question, do those in higher positions effectively rule those lower down, democracy within elitism, and the effects if elitism was...

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Importance of Parliamentary Democracy

The importance of Parliamentary democracy: Democracy itself is a term neither straightforward nor simple, but rather relates essentially to the founding principles of a governing body acting in the best interest of the People by encouraging independent thinking and personal input. The ideal presented by democracy has provided many with the platform to express their beliefs and desires; actions which have had the result of changing history. Democracy has allowed for ever-changing freedoms based...

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Three Paradoxes of Democracy

Three Paradoxes of Democracy 1. Consent vs. effectiveness 2. Conflict vs. Consensus 3. Representation vs. Governability What's effective may not be what is popular -economic policies are a good example – hyperinflation and other painful unpopular reforms -even in established democracies you are thinking about getting elected not long term policies Examples: • Free trade – job loss • Terrorism – loss of personal liberties • Deficit spending – people like low taxes but also like government...

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Democracy vs Dictatorship

Dictatorship and democracy are two concepts with numerous views and differences. The first is not ideal for a society which seeks free press, human rights and equality. The second is, even though many facets have to be taken into account. Throughout history, scholars have laid out a range of arguments regarding the advantages and disadvantages of both systems in terms of development. Here, we will try to enumerate some of them. An authoritarian government is a form of government in which the...

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Democracy as A universal Value

Democracy As a Universal Value In his article, Democracy as a Universal Value, Amartya Sen asserts that democracy is a universal value. In order to develop his argument Sen needs to state his definition of democracy and define what he means by universal value. In the course of Sen’s argument he gives his view of the relationship between democracy and the economy. He then defends his view of democracy as a universal value against a main argument that deals with cultural differences between regions...

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Electoral System for New Democracy

Why an Open List Proportional Representation Electoral System Is the Best Choice For an Newly Emerging Democracy Mike Ramjee Comparative Politics and Government Pol 102 (01) 12/15/2013 For a state hosting its first democratic elections, the best type of electoral system would be an open list proportional representation system. This type of electoral system offers many benefits including battling corruption, fair representation...

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Summary of ‘Why Are There No Arab Democracies?

Larry Diamond's presentation explores the question of why there are no Arab democracies in the Middle East and North Africa. He shows us the relatively stagnant levels of democratic freedoms that have been the norm in the region for the past several decades. Diamond gives us a multitude of potential explanations for the absence of a sustainable democracy. His first explanation implicates that there must be something within the Islam or Arab culture or religion, that prevents the formation of a...

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Amartya Sen Democracy

how important is democracy when compared to our own financial needs? Everyday struggles occur all the time and affect not only humans and the environment but also the world economic order. The struggles are connected as one and are fueled by the differences in everything. Roberto Unger is a Brazilian theorist and law professor at Harvard who has written many books based on a wide range of different political topics. The book that I will be analyzing in this paper is Unger’s Democracy Realized: A progressive...

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Why democracy in Pakistan

constitutional experiments. The system of government kept on switching between dictatorship and democracy. This irresolution contributed a lot to various crises like military coups, strife among ethnic groups, human rights violation and underdevelopment. In context of Pakistan, democracy seems to be more appropriate form of government. Although, some say that Pakistan’s literacy level might not support democracy,however it serves as a better governance system because it safeguards human rights, facilitates...

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Does Democracy Ensure Freedom?

Does democracy ensure freedom? I believe democracy can ensure freedom, but not always, thus my answer is maybe. For democracy is a form of government that rely on a system of law in which individuals are treated equally while having fair access to the legislative process through electing official who will act in their constituent’s interest and voice their concern. Through proper protection with legislation, individual's freedom can be ensured. Yet the nature of democracy favour majority thus it...

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Aristotle's Politics: Oligarchy and Democracy

In Aristotle's Politics, he focuses much on the regimes of an oligarchy and of a democracy. Democracies exists when the free and poor, being a majority, have authority to rule, and have an equal share in the city. Oligarchies exists when the few wealthy and better born have authority and grant benefits in proportion to a person's wealth (1280a:10-30;1290a:5-10). Within each regime, there are the farmer, the working element and craftsmen, the marketing element and traders, the laboring...

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Why Democracy Fail in Pakistan

Besides, it has been easily falling prey to non civilian forces. As a result, Pakistan has been continuously failing to offer what a democracy promises. Such pathetic scenario has various reasons behind it at all three levels: State, government and society. This Essay attempts to pin point and analyze the reasons behind such fragile and weak nature of democracy in Pakistan and extends recommendations along with identifying various means and players especially youth for strengthening democratic...

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