"Fascism" Essays and Research Papers

Fascism

Fascism is an authoritarian and nationalistic right-wing system of government and social organization. Benito Mussolini thought up the term in the 1920’s; he saw the term as a replacement for religion. There have been many governments that have been called fascist such as Germany under Hitler’s rule and others as well through history. Robbie Gennet tells of the fascist country the United States in his article “What Makes People Susceptible to Fascism”. Elizabeth Nichols types an article “America...

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Fascism in Japan

Without fascism, there would be no Japan. Or without fascism, would there be a better Japan? Fascism promotes political violence and war. It emphasizes on “nation before self” and believes that so long as the nation prospers, so will the people. Before Japan adopted this policy, it came across a spread of others that included national isolation, fukoku kyohei, democracy, finally fascism. Fukoku kyohei, a policy similar to fascism, was adopted during the Meiji period. This built the foundations...

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Communism vs Fascism

Communism and Fascism are two types of government that are dictatorships. Both were made out to be solutions to the poor conditions of their homelands and were pushed by men such as Karl Marx, Adolf Hitler, and Benito Mussolini. Marx wrote the Communist Manifesto and Hitler wrote his 25 Points which were used to introduce both Communism and Fascism to the people of Europe. Mussolini also defined fascism in the Italian Encyclopedia. In the end, Fascism succeeded and became the government of multiple...

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The Rise of Fascism in Germany

Throughout 1922-1939 there was a rise of fascism which only resulted in hardship for the German people. Hitler started the rise in fascism in Germany because of his need for dictatorship. He also affected fascism because he had the idea of a perfect race. The Nazi army had a great effect on the rise of fascism because of the way they treated the people, the Nazi army are a good example of the hardship suffered by the German people. After World war l, there was great destruction to Germany to the...

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Fascism vs. Communism

anything, all of them. The most comparable and recognizable aspect of fascism and communism was the fact that both Hitler and Stalin wanted a radical change for their states. In order to attain the transformation, violence was used on both their parts, which offended and anguished peoples lives. There are minor differences in relation to all of these examples; however, fascism and communism were essentially the same. Both fascism and communism supported one-party governments in order to gain absolute...

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The Doctrine of Fascism

Doctrine of Fascism Some General Ideological Features "Reactionary concepts plus revolutionary emotion result in Fascist mentality." -Wilhelm Reich Is nationalism inherently evil? Would a one-world government be more preferable? Are appreciating and defending one's own culture and cultural values somehow primitive instincts that must be overcome by the educational efforts of the enlightened? We have all heard of Fascism, but ...

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The Rise of Fascism in Nazi Germany

The Rise of Fascism in Nazi Germany After the end of World War 1 (WW1), Germany was in charge of taking full responsibility for the money lost, the mass destruction, and the lives that were killed. This greatly hindered the German economy, which brought the whole country down. German soldiers returning home from the war could not get the supplies they needed to survive and turned to fascism. Not too long after WW1, the whole world went into a great depression, which also...

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08.04 Depression and Fascism

Tayva D. Caruth 05/08/2010 World History 08.04 Depression and Fascism 1. Describe the political views of Vladimir Lenin. 2. What did Lenin promise the people of Russia in order to gain their support for the revolution? In order to gain the people of Russia’s support Lenin promised them three things. He promised to withdraw the country of Russia from war, to give land to the peasants, and he promised to give the workers and The Soviets control over the factories. 3. How did Lenin gain control...

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Fascism, Triggers of Ww2 and the Treaty of Versailles

Fascism is an ultra-right movement that emerged in a period of crisis in European society. Like other right-wing parties and movements before World War II, fascism opposed democracy, liberalism, socialism, and communism and emphasized support for hierarchy, nationalism, militarism, aggressive imperialism, and women's subordination. In seeking power, fascist movements were organized around a charismatic leader, used the techniques of mass politics to win support from the middle strata of war veterans...

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Fascism vs Communism

“All within the state, nothing outside the state, nothing against the state.” Benito Mussolini I am writing about a host of differences between Italian Fascism and Soviet Communism. Yes, they both are totalitarian regimes, one under Lenin, then Stalin, who, in my opinion takes the cake for worst ever when it comes to the world’s extensive list of dictators, and Mussolini’s Fascist Regime, who ruled from 1922-1945, the last three years serving as a somewhat puppet ruler in northern Italy for...

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Critical Review of Fascism

 A critical Review of Blinkhorn Martin 2000, Fascism and the Right in Europe (1919-1945) Over the past thirty years, political scientists, sociologists, social psychologists and historians have tried to isolate the essential and distinct features of Fascism. There is no doubt that the goal is pretentious, because the term is “loosely applied”(Blinkhorn,2000,p.4) to right wing movements, regimes, and even the interwar period. Regardless of these various attributions, there seems to be an elusive...

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Benito Mussolini's Doctrine of Fascism

DOCTRINE OF FASCISM Benito Mussolini outlines several essential characteristics of his preferred political ideology, Fascism, in what has become known as the Doctrine of Fascism. In this paper, Mussolini outlines his vision of the ideology, and explains the major issues that Fascism will address once it becomes the leading political system in Italy. Mussolini’s major points as outlined in the Doctrine included an extreme emphasis on nationalism, organization and modernization of the state, persistent...

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Benito Mussolini: Understanding Fascism

Benito Mussolini, What is Fascism? Italy faced serious postwar economic problems which became known as "The Two Red Years". It faced inflation problems due to government printing money to pay for weapons, workers on strike, arms and shipbuilders became bankrupt due to lack of government order, and unemployment rose to two million as returning soldiers searched for work. Benito Mussolini, upon being removed from the Socialist Party for advocating Italy's participation in battle, organized the...

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Hitler's Mein Kampf: Fascism, Propaganda, Nazi Party's 25 Points

take over Europe. Backed by propaganda, fascism, and Hitler’s every own 25 points, or laws he was able to change the world forever. In this essay I am going to analyze Mein Kamp, The 25 points of Hitler’s Nazi Party, Hitler on Propaganda, and What is Fascism; to try and get a better understanding of the thoughts and ideas running around in people’s heads during 1932-1944. First, what is Fascism and why is constantly connected with new world order? Fascism is a political philosophy that is led by...

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Fascism/Nazism Study Guide

Fascism & Nazism * Brutality, suffering made clear chemical warfare * Loss of faith look for fascism & Nazism * Turn to science to make life better * Malthus – “perfectibility of man” scarcity of resources * Smith – Leave human nature Why does WWI cast reason in doubt? * Corruption: Why are we fighting? * 10 million dead, 21 million hurt leads to loss of demand (consumers) * War is expensive, international debt in Europe * Infrastructure, factories destroyed ...

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What Was the Role of the First World War on Mussolini's Transition from Socialism to Fascism

What was the role of the First World War in Mussolini’s transition from Socialism to Fascism? Mussolini’s controversial transition from his Socialist roots to leader of the Fascist Party has been bewildering to many, particularly those who perceive it as a sudden and random change. However, many historians, such as O’Brien, have suggested this transition was not so random; Mussolini’s political shift from the Left to the Right was the result of World War One. Italy’s entry into the war in 1915...

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Why Did Fascism Rise in Europe During the 1920s? Could It Have in the 1930s Us?

Why Did Fascism Rise in Europe During the 1920s? Could It Have in the 1930s Us? Assignment #2- Why did Hitler and Mussolini rise to power, and how did they use it? Could a Hitler or Mussolini have acquired power in the United States during the 1930s? Cameron Combs HS240N Assignment#2 Dr. Chico What kind of economic environment would embrace Fascism? What kind of society would allow their country’s freedoms and future to be placed into one dictator’s hands? Germany was surrounded by...

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Fascism in Germany and Italy (contrast and comparisons).

Fascism in Germany and Italy Many similarities exist between German fascism, or Nazism, and Italian fascism. For example, both fascist movements were brought into power after facing very similar problems. One of the major problems that both countries encountered was a post-war economy teeming with instability. Germany's fragile economy was undermined by widespread unemployment, hyperinflation, and burdensome reparation payments, while Italy's economy was just as delicate. In addition, the Great...

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The Rise of Mussolini and Italian Fascism

In his exploration of 20th century fascism between the wars, Payne (1995) described Mussolini as the most liberal of the totalitarian personalities that dominated that period. Perhaps this was a vestige of his earlier involvement with revolutionary socialism, or a reflection from his early years. Yet, the fact remains that Mussolini, along with Hitler, was an architect of fascism and of the policies that led to World War II. The intention in the following pages is to explore Mussolini's rise to power...

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Italian Fascism: Economic Success or Social Failure

Italian Fascism: Economic Success or Social Failure Italian Fascism: Economic Success or Social Failure Benito Mussolini’s development of the National Fascist Party in 1919 (H, 2010) provided great hope for a suffering nation of Italian people. Although Fascism grew quickly with an optimism of ending great economic and social turmoil, Mussolini’s Fascist ideologies eventually lead to an isolated nation. By further exploring the history of Benito Mussolini and his radical Fascist ideologies...

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Between the Wars Study Guide

Questions: 1. How did the Great Depression create the conditions for totalitarianism? 2. What is Fascism? 3. How was Fascism similar and different from Communism? 4. "Who" or "What" is to blame for the rise of Hitler? 5. Was Hitler’s and the Nazi Party use of propaganda effective? People Victor Emanuel III Benito Mussolini ll Duce Adolf Hitler Terms and Concepts Totalitarians Fascism/Nazism/Communism/Democracy- Understand the philosophies and differences Black Shirts Weimar Republic ...

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Benito Mussolini Essay Founding Father of Fascism

Name: * Teacher: * ENG2D1 27/05/2012 Benito Mussolini, Founding Father of Fascism Mussolini once stated that “It is humiliating to remain with our hands folded while others write history. It matters little who wins. To make a people great it is necessary to send them to battle even if you have to kick them in the pants. That is what I shall do.” As you would expect words like these from the mouth of Mussolini himself had been the inspirational backing to this dictator’s rain as sole leader...

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Assess the Reasons Why Mussolini Was Appointed Prime Minister in 1922

strengthened the appeal of fascism as it was the cure that Italy needed to get rid of the socialists. The fascists needed only to organise their party and take advantage of the open opportunity to seize power in Rome. However organisation of the party was no mean feat as it contained many different viewpoints from many members that had been sourced from some of the most extreme and militant movements in Italy. This is the first reason that made Mussolini key to the rise of fascism. He was able to control...

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FREEDOM AND EQUALITY: CLASSICAL LIBERALISM VS. FACISM AND NATIONAL SOCIALISM

 The concept of both freedom and equality play equally large roles in the ideologies of Classical Liberalism along with Fascism and National Socialism. Although freedom and equality play such large roles in these ideologies, they also play very different roles in each ideology. Freedom is defined as the power or right to act, speak, or think as one wants without hindrance or restraint 1. Equality, on the other hand is simply defined as the state of being equal 2....

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The Negative Effects of Nationalism

grant other religions and ethnicities equality. Other than ethnocentric nationalism and expansionist nationalism, ultra-nationalism is also very negative for ones society. Based on the extreme principles of ultra nationalism it can often lead to fascism and authoritarian styles of government which take a very tight hold of the behavior within the nation, due to the belief that more freedom in the nation would eventually cause it to collapse. Ultra nationalism also causes the reduction and in due...

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A deeper understanding of power and control emerges from considering the parallels between Animal Farm and V for Vendetta. Compare how these texts explore the ideas of power and control.

power and control. Both texts have a differentiation in terms of the ideas of power and control due to the contrasting political and social contexts involved. The authors, Orwell and Moore both succeed in demonstrating the context of communism and fascism respectively as a result of abusing the use of power and control. In Animal Farm and V for Vendetta, the use of propaganda is displayed through government manipulation over the populace. The oppression of people in the form of fear and violence reinforces...

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Mussolini's rise to power

factory owners towards fascism as they felt they would be protected from a socialist revolution. In 1921, many people whom had joined Mussolini’s ‘Fascist’ party, began a campaign of violence against Socialists. However, working-class voters were attracted to left-wing parties who promised a minimum wage and better working conditions. Many factory workers took action on their behalf by striking and occupying factories. This raised concern of a revolution in Italy, and soon Fascism seemed like the logical...

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a blend of nationalism and socialism

of fascism A view of fascism can be seen as a blend of nationalism and socialism since there are considerable numbers of concepts which link fascism to those two doctrines. It is certain that fascists have behaved like nationalists or in most cases, radical nationalists. First of all, fascists love the idea of uniting people into a single entity and revere the idea of nationhood because of its ability of uniting people who enjoy the common circumstances of birth. The Nazi form of fascism in...

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The Theme of Obedience in Pan's Labyrinth

examples and what they represent. In El Laberinto del Fauno, Guillermo del Toro uses the theme of obedience to illustrate and condemn two repressive components of fascism: patriarchy and the coercion of free will. This essay will look at two examples of obedience in the film which reveal the abhorrent nature of these aspects of fascism and the importance of resisting them. These are, respectively, the relationship between Captain Vidal and Mercedes and Ofelia’s refusal to compromise her own integrity...

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Three Paradoxes of Democracy

Governability: local interests vs. effective national policy Is democracy the best system? Marxism would assert that in a capitalist system – the owners of the means of production control the government…challenges to democracy were fascism and Marxism Fascism: democracy is too weak and ineffective – need a strong leader to lead the nation to new heights – main proponents defeated in WWII New enemies? Islamic extremists what people call "Asian Values" – but Asia is a vast area with VERY diverse...

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Causes of Dictatorship in Russia

led to the support of antidemocratic parties. <br> <br>Since people didn't trust the democratic system any more, they started looking for other alternatives. The ones that seemed most convenient, especially for the workers was either communism or fascism. These seemed more hopeful because they were alternatives to capitalism and had charismatic leaders. <br> <br>The main idea of communism was to build an equal and classless society. It was based on the ideas of Marx and Engeles. Their theory was...

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Malena

Two, also the time fascism prevailed. Fascism is theorized by Benito Mussolini. It is a form of government where a dictator has the absolute power, people are urged by the government to be nationalist and loyal, there are no formal oppositions and there is weak democracy. Fascism usually combines the political philosophy of communalism, Syndicalism, Despotism, Ultranationalism, Militarism, anti-Anarchism, Capitalism of anti-Laissez-faire, anti-communism, anti-Liberalism. Fascism could be regard as...

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Evaluate the Importance of Foreign Intervention in the Spanish Civil War

Republicans required tanks and aircraft. In a fight against fascism, the Soviet Union supplied planes and tanks to the Republican faction. The Soviet Union sent 1,000 planes and 900 tanks to Spain, as well as 2,500 men. (http://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles) The aid received from the Soviet Union played more than one important role; it gave the Republicans a fighting chance and prolonged the war, thus showing the left would not role over to fascism. The Spanish Civil War was as heavily influenced...

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Orwell's essays speech 12/15

a writer’s moral consciousness by including a set of rules on ‘how to write’, again prompting his audience to take action against the debasement of literary integrity. His use of rhetorical question “since you don’t know what Fascism is, how can you struggle against Fascism?” causes the responder to reflect their own opinion and cements their views with Orwell’s. Through Orwell’s progressive and accessible logic in both essays, the audience is persuaded to adopt Orwell’s perception of timeless social...

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Compare and Contrast Hitler's and Mussolini's Domestic Policies

did not reach its desired levels of oil and rubber production. Similarly both nations failed to achieve a state of autarky. Bibliography: Pearce, Robert. Fascism and Nazism (Access to History). Hodder Arnold H&S, 1997. Boxer, Andrew. Hitler's Domestic Policy. Collins Educational, 1997. Sassoon, Donald. Mussolini and the Rise of Fascism. HarperPress, 2008. Bosworth, Richard. Mussolini's Italy: Life Under the Dictatorship 1915-1945. Allen Lane, 2005....

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The prime of miss jean brodie

sixteen, but quickly flashes back to 1930, when the girls—then in the junior level—began their two year course of study under Brodie's tutelage. Spark utilizes flashbacks and flash-forwards throughout the novel. A domineering eccentric who admires the fascism of Benito Mussolini, Brodie attempts to exert control over her students' lives and fantasies and to mold their beliefs and aesthetic tastes. Although Brodie's affect on each of the girls varies, they remain a distinct clique at the school after they...

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The Weimar Republic

that the so called "democratic" system had brought them nothing but trouble and this paved the way for Hitler and his Nationalist Socialist Party (which would later be referred to as Hitler's Nazi party, a party that was centered around ideological fascism) (Berlet 1). There is no denying that Hitler took advantage of Germany's instability. He appeared at a time when Germany needed someone to give it a solution to its problems. The first action he took was to assure the German people that they...

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Italy and Government Mla

War I Italy tried to remain neutral but could not, Italy joined the allied forces. From 1922 to 1943 Benito Mussolini ruled Italy, and initially in World War II he aided Adolph Hitler. ("ITALY" 317). In 1943 the Italian government over through fascism and the country cave its support to the allies. ("ITALY" 317) During the 1970's political violence and terrorism marked Italy (ITALY, MSN). Also in the 1980's conflicts within the coalition government led to many frequent government collapses ("ITALY"...

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Devil's Backbone

death. It is also very significant that Jacinto represents the fascist side of the Spanish Civil War, during which the film is set. Consequently, del Toro was clearly trying to depict fascism in a bad light by making Jacinto the evil character. “The director’s identification of Jacinto as an embodiment of fascism even more firmly roots the film’s evil in facism...”(Hardcastle). Jacinto uses weapons against innocent people, while every other character only does so to protect their own lives. Clearly...

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Fiery Nationalism

and not only were they ready for the act, but they were ready to accept the consequences. Their need for stability as a country transcended other needs, and they were ready to do what it took to achieve their goals. WWII was the result of Fascism, and fascism involved nationalism. It is about returning one’s nation glory days. Hitler and Mussolini both sought to take lands that they felt were those of their nation. Hitler wanted the land Germany had lost in war, and much more. Some of the most horrific...

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Economy of Italy Under Fascism, 1922–1943

Mussolini knew close to nothing of economics and did not care greatly; he put little pressure on industry and the government efforts were ad hoc, rather than following a clearly defined policy. Indeed, certain historians have argued that Italian fascism was actually a negative force on the Italian economy - holding back genuine modernisation and badly distorting economic development, even before the war. [edit]First steps The Fascist government began its reign in an insecure position. Coming...

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Cultural Event: Pan's Labyrinth

The question at issue that Pan’s labyrinth brings to us is whether fantasies can rescue us from fascism. Around this theme, the director set out two main lines of the plot; one is the reality and the other is the girl’s fantasy world. Three challenges that the girl faced with and the atrocities of Captain Vidal which center on the question at issue reveal that fantasies cannot rescue us from fascism finally. In terms of importance, relevance and sufficiency, a very famous writer Justin Zhang for...

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Compare and Contrast the Historical Significance Between Ww1And Ww2

power of Adolf Hitler of the Nazi Party. 1) In the mid-1930s Hitler began secretly to rearm Germany, in violation of the treaty. 2) Adolf Hitler signed alliances with Italy and Japan to oppose the Soviet Union. (2) Rise of Fascism in Italy (regain national glory and prestige) a) Joined the allies in 1915 in hope in getting Dalmatia and Fiume however was only given Istria and Tyrol at the Paris and Peace Conference. b) Italian nationalists occupied Fiume in September...

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World War 2 Origins

Germany, eventually Western Europe…nations were focused on national solutions to the economic collapse, catastrophic decline in production/buying and systemic unemployment 3) Rise of Fascism (Italy), Imperialism (Japan) and Nazism (Germany) – WWII was very much ideologically motivated…with the rise of Fascism in Italy in Oct. 1922, a Far Right/Militaristic regime in Japan in late 1920’s and Hitler’s Nazis in Jan. 1933, Totalitarianism served to a) combat spread of Communism b) extend national...

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Nietzsche's Superman

strictly philosophical and were most likely not meant to be used in the real world. There are many people and societies, however, who believed that Nietzsche's writings should be followed strictly. These include Adolph Hitler, National Socialism, Fascism, and even the rock star Marilyn Manson. Just like many texts, though, Nietzsche's writings are up for much interpretation. Hitler, for example, was a very strong believer in the philosophies of Nietzsche. He felt the idea of the superman as well...

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Birth of Nazism

into history. It is general thought that Nazism is nothing more than a branch of Fascism. To understand the Nazi ideologies, it is necessary to understand the basis of Fascism. Fascism is a form of counter-revolutionary politics that first arose in the early part of the twentieth-century in Europe. It was a response to the social upheaval, the devastation of World War I, and the Bolshevik Revolution. Fascism a philosophy or a system of government that advocates or exercises a dictatorship...

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Francisco Franco, the Ultimate Fascist Dictator?

Introduction Fascism can be defined as a political system with centralization of power under a single-party dictatorship. Fascist dictators maintain authority through strict socioeconomic controls, suppression of the masses through censorship and terrorism, and policies of aggressive nationalism and racism (“Fascism”). Francisco Franco first implemented this government policy in Spain after witnessing its achievements in Germany and Italy. Franco’s strong nationalistic and military upbringing...

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An Analysis of Sheelagh Morris’s Letter to a Cat

sentence of the story with its loaded question: “Do you think that fascism is carried in the genes?” (l. 1). “Letter to a Cat” may be thought of as the answer to this question: an answer that says “No.” No, fascism is not genetic. It is the result of an increasingly social indifference. If fascism were genetic, Norma would be just as indifferent as her husband and daughter are, because indifference is what lies at the heart of fascism. This may seem like an extreme statement. We think, for example,...

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BY 1943 - totalitarian

1943, Mussolini had created a totalitarian regime in Italy’. Explain why you agree or disagree with this view. (24 marks). Most historians have suggested that Mussolini had not created a totalitarian regime in Italy by 1943 due to the fact that Fascism remained a secondary belief for the majority of Italy, superseded by religion. However Mussolini did achieve a totalitarian state in some respects. For example, his use of propaganda was successful in propagating the idea of the ‘Cult of the Duce’...

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Hitler's Mein Kampf

extremely Darwinist in nature in that he believes the onus is one the German nation to stamp out the impurities that threaten their superior race. His doctrine here goes far in explaining the extreme genocide that followed in Nazi Germany. This Nazi fascism went beyond nationalism as a tool of politics and attempted to wipe out a people in order to purify another. Hitler is a believer in the superiority of attack over defence, action over inaction believing that those who rest, rust. Hitler believes...

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Critical Essay for the Movie Pans Labyrinth

that of General Vidal and the Guerilla attacks on the stronghold. Set in 1944, the battle scenes and guerilla warfare that transpire through out the duration of the film is the result to the aftermath of the war. In the film General Vidal represents fascism and dictator Francisco Franco. In the movie, right from the beginning the viewer witnesses, Ophelia the child heroin, shun away from her stepfather General Vidal. Instead Ophelia creates a world of fantasy that is centered on the ancient myth of...

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Picasso's background, and life experiences.

- not only did it defy "the rules" of painting; his artwork was anti-Fascist and therefore anti-Nazi. On the other hand, the British, Americans, French etc. loved his work because it expressed, as nothing else could, the horrors and atrocities of Fascism. When Nazi occupation of Paris came, Picasso's work was prohibited from public exhibition. Picasso then took on a new role. He refused to leave Paris while the Nazis were there - his fame protected him. But Picasso's refusal to co-operate with the...

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Did the Treaty of Versailles Make World War Ii Inevitable?

emphasis is put on the amount of responsibility the Treaty of Versailles deserves for the outbreak of war. Other than analysing the Treaty of Versailles on its own, it also analyses the effects of the 1929 Wall Street Crash on the world, the rise of Fascism and Nazism, as well as the rise of Adolf Hitler, the failure of the League of Nations and the appeasement of the Fascist and Nazi regimes by Britain and France throughout the 1930s. Hence the Treaty of Versailles plays a substantial but not definitive...

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Dbq on Causes and Effect of the Crusades and Word Wars

goods. Due the American stock market crash, all global trade decreased! Due to the economic instability of Europe, fascist governments arose in Italy & Germany. Fascism is a totalitarian government where the country is the most important thing (extreme nationalism). An unexpected outcome of World War 2 was the replacement of Nazism & Fascism with Democratic governments. Another expected outcome was the establishment of the right of self government (doc.6). The United States & the Soviet Union emerged...

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Significance of the Conch in Lord of the Flies

Hitler who took advantage of the German people's poverty and need during the great depression to topple the democratic government and install authoritarian rule. Golding shows us this same thing through Lord of the Flies; democracy will loose to fascism if there is serious trouble or great need....

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What is Nationalism?

opinion of nationalism, some still believe nationalism, like any political ideology, varies in intensity and fundamental nature from place to place and person to person. The most extreme form of nationalism is fascism. While Orwell believes ‘bully’ to be an ideal synonym for fascist, fascism is commonly used to describe the events and actions that took place in Nazi Germany. Fascists seek to unify their nation through converting their unit into an authoritarian state that promotes the mass mobilization...

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end of history

Fukuyama highlights two major challenges to liberalism which have occurred in the past century; communism and fascism. Fascism was no longer a challenge to liberalism because it had been defeated, not only on a material level through WWII but also, and more importantly, it had been defeated as an idea. The inherent and inescapable total failure now associated with fascism destroyed its appeal. The challenge from communism was far greater. Its criticism of capital and labour and the inequalities...

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Road to Serfdom Chpater Summaries

passes. Socialism is believed to be the way of freedom. Very different from Totalitarianism however Socialism overpowered Liberalism. But Socialism was also compared to Fascism. Many people that were once socialist became Fascist and example being the Nazi's that were once socialist became fascist. Because of Socialism and Fascism are somewhat similar but also very different and this led to competition. Chapter 3 It seems as though in Chapter 3 that Hayek explains the notion of socialism. From...

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The Communists Come to Power in Hungary

and shared economic wealth appealed to the poverty-stricken nation. Another crucial factor that allowed Soviet Russia to be a decisive force in opposition to the Nazis was that east Europeans wanted to restructure society and erect a front against fascism and believed a socialist agenda would help them do that. It is easy to understand why communism became a popular option to the devastated nation of Hungary, not only did Soviet Russia provide a new, optimistic outlook on society but they also became...

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History of the Swastika

effective at their use of the swastika emblem, that many do not even know any other meaning for the swastika. After men wearing swastikas on their uniforms systematically killed millions of people under swastika flags, the symbol became one of genocide, fascism, and racism, and any other connotations it might have had were lost in the West. Much like the mustache that Hitler wore, the swastika is pretty much off limits, though some people are trying to rehabilitate it. In 1920, Adolf Hitler decided that...

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