"Byzantine Empire" Essays and Research Papers

Byzantine Empire

Byzantine empire 1000 years of a strong and large empire 500’s-1463 Location: on the Black Sea Mediterranean Sea Therefore good fisherman, sailors Therefore good economy, good trade. Therefore a lot of cultural diffusion -In ancient times this is called Asia Minor -Not to far from Greece Therefore a lot of Greek influences. 1) Spoke Greek 2) Influenced by Greek Architecture 3) Influenced by a new form of Christianity Greek orthodox church=Byzantine Empire is called the Eastern Orthodox...

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Cultural Heavyweights Dar Al-Islam and the Byzantine Empire.

WHAP Cultural Heavyweights Dar Al-Islam and The Byzantine Empire. The Muslim World and The Byzantine Empire were two of the most powerful and most-linked-together civilizations during the Middle Ages due mostly to their cultural achievements, religious values, and economic activities. The Byzantine Empire and Muslim World had very similar and different cultural achievements due to their very unique styles but also sharing each other’s ideas as well. The Muslim world’s...

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Byzantine Empire

Date Name DBQ SzBYZANTINE EMPIRE UNDER IUSTINIAN Historical Context Justinian became emperor in527, he was determined to revive the ancient Roman Empire, to build a new Rome. He established Constantinople as the capital of the Byzantine, or Eastern RomarL Empire. Justiniar{s actions preserved Roman heritage for more than a thousand years. \Atrhen I Directions: The following question is based on the accompanying documents Part A. As you analyze the documents, take into account both...

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Byzantine Empire

tribes 2 St. Paul used the term ekklesia to refer to (A) a parish church (B) the Mediterranean-wide assembly of Jesus’ followers (C) the office and officials of the Christian religion (D) the building in which Christians worshipped 3 The Byzantine emperor Justinian is most famous for his (A) reconquest of Italy (B) conversion of the Slavic peoples (C) contributions to Christian theology (D) code of law 4 The value which Germanic tribes ascribed to the worth of individual members was...

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Byzantine Empire vs China

was built up by large empires characterized by constant patterns of change, trade, and considerable changes in technologies. In 1492 CE these civilizations got global, meaning that the interactions among these different societies stopped being regional. Two empires who were very important during the Postclassical Period were the Byzantine Empire and China. Geographically these civilizations were far apart, but as they developed, they became two of the most influential empires of the time. Also, as...

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The Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, the survivor of the Roman empire, flourished into the oldest and longest lasting empire in our history. It began with Constantine the Great's triumph of Christianity. He then transferred his capital from Rome to the refounded Byzantium in the early 4th century, year 330 AD, and named it Constantinople after himself. This city became the surviving safe spot after the breakup of the Western Roman empire by the 5th century. It was by far the largest...

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The Byzantine Empire

The Byzantine Empire, sometimes known as the Eastern Roman Empire, was the predominantly Greek-speaking continuation of the eastern half of the Roman Empire during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul), originally founded as Byzantium. It survived the 5th century fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire and continued to exist for an additional thousand years until it fell to the Ottoman Turks in 1453. During most of its existence...

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My Art History

STUDY GUIDE FOR FINALS . BYZANTINE ART AND ARCHITECTURE 1. Why called byzantine? The art and architecture of Constantinople before Constantine renamed the city after himself was Byzantium . 2. Who was Justinian , Theodora ? Justinian was the emperor in the early byzantine period who ruled from 527 to 565 and Theodora was the wife to him 3. Hagia Sophia built for Justinian . Innovations 4. What are penditives and sqinches ? Penditives are spherical triangle surrounded by arches . squinches...

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Yuezhi passed on these silks to other regions such as Persia, the Byzantine Empire, and the Roman Empire. Silk became a luxury in these areas. Rich people wanted to own silk items because it showed that they were wealthy. The Byzantine Empire had a monopoly on a purple dye that they used for these silks purple.4 The color purple represented royalty and only members of the royal family could wear the purple silk. Since the Byzantines were the only people able to make a purple dye they were able to...

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Hunger Games

Medieval Art History - Byzantine Art The capitol of the Roman Empire was Byzantium which was renamed as Constantinople. The Roman Empire was spit into two sections - the Eastern and Western part of the Roman Empire. The Western part of the Roman Empire disintegrated but the Eastern, or Byzantium Empire, stayed intact. Early Medieval Art reflect the differences between the development of the Catholic religion in the west and the Byzantium Empire of the east. Byzantine Art was the name given to the...

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Rennaisance Outline

commercial control of the seas. -From the tenth century, Venice enjoyed a privileged position in Byzantine trade -Venice was able to create an enormous overseas empire in the East along the lines of its trade routes to the Byzantine Empire -In the fifteenth century, Venice began to extend its control to the west into the Italian peninsula. - In part, the creation of a land empire was to balance the loss of eastern trade associated with the fall of Constantinople. * The Florentine...

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Silk Road CCOT

communications exploded after the Roman conquest of Egypt. The Roman Empire inherited previously Hellenistic and Arabic trade routes, introducing new luxuries and increasing prosperity in the Mediterranean world. The interactions that defined the Silk Routes changed in a variety of ways, including the civilizations on which these interactions impacted. In the Mediterranean world, the Byzantine Empire replaced the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire would be a long standing part of the Silk Road. In China, the...

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Chapter 9 study guide

WHAP There It Is! Chapter 9-10 Study Guide 1. Schisms, the foremost threat to the Christian church in the Middle Ages, were Formal divisions over differences in doctrine 2. In the seventh century, the Byzantine Empire lost Egypt, Syria, and Tunisia to Arab invaders 3. Which of the following events occurred last? Formal schism between Latin and Orthodox Churches 4. The schism of 1054 between the Eastern and Western churches was caused primarily by disagreements over Territorial...

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Why did the First Crusade erupt?

also act as a kind of unifying force for Europe that was fractured since the Great Schism of 1054, an event which undermined the Pope’s authority. The schism created the rival body to the Pope; the Greek Orthodox church, seated in the great Byzantine Empire. Pope Urban’s source material for his speech which caused the eruption of the First Crusade came from a plea. Preceding the eruption of the First Crusade, its new young leader Alexios I was in trouble, and improving relations between the two...

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Crusades: First Crusade and New Paragraph

The Crusades were a series of religiously sanctioned military campaigns waged by much of Western Christian Europe, particularly the Franks of France and the Holy Roman Empire. The specific crusades to restore Christian control of the Holy Land were fought over a period of nearly 200 years, between 1095 and 1291. There are several reasons for the Crusades, but the importance and relevance of some are debated by scholars even to this day. (NEW PARAGRAPH) In the Middle Ages, Christians considered...

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The Cultural Impact of the Byzantine Empire

that “Byzantine,” when not used in reference to the Eastern Roman Empire, tends to have a negative connotation. Not only did the Byzantine Empire last for over a thousand years, it reached out so far that countries from Libya to Bulgaria and Slovenia to Egypt can claim a legacy from it, keeping the fallen West safe from invading barbarians until the time of its own spectacular decline. When you realize that, it is especially shameful that the West no longer considered the Eastern Roman Empire any...

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The cause and effect of the first crusade

the first time since the collapse of the Western Roman Empire that Europe became organized against a common threat. This holy war served not only as a way to guarantee relative peace throughout Europe but also provided opportunity to acquire wealth and land. The crusades provided an outlet for aggression and greed without fear of excommunication of religious backlash. Thus the crusades were not a simple mission of aid to the Byzantine Empire; rather it was an opportunity to satisfy the needs of Christendom...

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The eleventh century was a period of time when the Seljuk Turk’s expansion of Islam and the Arab empire in the Middle East created a sense of distress that spread throughout the clergy of Christianity and among all of Christendom. The invasion of areas in the Christian Byzantium Empire helped to arouse anger against Moslems. A sense of fear and urgency grew that something had to be done to stop Moslem territorial expansion and subjugation to the tenants of the Islam faith. The first two...

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What Caused the First Crusade, and was it a Success?

was good against evil, in which the crusaders were on the good side and the Muslims and Jews on the evil side; after all they were the one who killed Jesus. The two main leaders that called for the First Crusade were Alexius I, emperor of the Byzantine Empire, and Pope Urban II. The First Crusade was an evil act against Muslims and Jews. Greed and lack of knowledge mostly caused the First Crusade. The riches of the East lured many, mostly because younger sons in families lacked economic opportunity...

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Islamic Pottery

TOPIC: Islamic Pottery Islamic Pottery Occupation Medieval Islamic pottery occupied a geographical position between Chinese ceramics and the pottery of the Byzantine Empire and Europe. For most of the period it can fairly be said to have been between the two in terms of aesthetic achievement and influence as well, borrowing from China and exporting to and influencing Byzantium and Europe. The use of drinking and eating vessels in gold and silver, the ideal in ancient Rome...

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The History and Sights of Calabria

capital Cosenza, formerly known as Consentia. After the Roman Empire was conquered, the people of Calabria were driven inland by the spread of Malaria and due to pirate raids. During the Gothic War, Calabria was horrified because they would then learn they would now be under the rule of the Byzantine Empire. Previously the breadbasket of Rome, in the 9th and 10th centuries, Egypt was conquered therefore they became stuck between Byzantine Rule and the Arab emirs in Sicily. Not only was the region subjected...

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Multiple Choice Questions on Post-Classical Era

e. the south fell under Byzantine control. 4. The Indian ruler Harsha was known for a. his early conversion to Islam. b. his cowardice in the face of a Chinese invasion. c. his cruelty and his destruction of Buddhist temples. d. his alliance with the Byzantines as a means of resisting Chinese aggression. e. his Buddhist faith and his benevolent treatment of his subjects. 5. In 711, the northern Indian area of Sind fell to which of the following Muslim empires? a. Abbasid dynasty. b...

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Scientific Renaissance

technology improved, yet our knowledge increased greatly about many things. Although, we couldn’t have known any of this great information without the help of geniuses from WAY back in the past. From 750 to 1258, lay a new empire in Baghdad, Mesopotamia~ the Abbasid Empire. The Abbasid Empire began to flourish and become prosperous. Their great wealth enabled the Abbasids to support education, along with art. In the beginning, Muslims were simple and did not really cultivate for education. However, once...

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first prime minister of Turkey and he was founded the Republic of Turkey. Istanbul’s history goes back much further. It was founded in 330 by Emperor Constantine as the capital of the Byzantine Empire, and remained in this position for over a thousand years. It was become the capital city of Ottoman Empire until the founding of the Turkish Republic. The final difference between two cities are their respective roles and histories. Ankara and Istanbul have very different styles...

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Sobre Mi

Christians believed that gaining control of it was their fate. The pope would gather the people together and incite them. The origin of the crusades was a result of the expanding Turks in the Middle East. These Turkish forces invaded Byzantium, a Christian empire. The crusaders were a Militia, sent out to recover what they thought was theirs. The first crusade was essentially started by Pope Urban II. On November 27, 1095, he gathered his followers outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. He preached...

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Medieval Science

made part of European life. For most of the Middle Ages human progress was centered in Arabia and science owes a great historic debt to the Arabians. Controversies about the decline of the Roman Empire were clear for a long time. The collapse of the Roman Empire lead to three new civilizations: Byzantine, Western Civilization and Muslim Civilization. The Islam civilization did not emerge until the seventh century and played a very important role in science. The influence if Hellenism with the marches...

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Great Schism & the Reformation

about the Great Schism of 1054 - split between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches The Great Schism of 1054 was the split between the Eastern and Western Christian Churches. In 1054, relations between the Greek speaking Eastern of the Byzantine empire and the Latin speaking Western traditions within the Christian Church reached a terminal crisis. This crisis led to the separation between the Eastern and Western churches and is referred to as the Great Schism of 1054. The Christian Church split...

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The Crusades

the eastern shores of the Mediterranean, and most of Spain." (Mayer, 39). Islamic armies had bases in Italy, made the size and power of the Byzantine Empire (the Eastern Roman Empire) smaller and conquered its capital, Constantinople. The Byzantine Empire, being as powerful as they were at that time was barely able to hold off the enemy. The Byzantine Empire had felt a force as strong as the Islamic military. Islam threatened them with a different culture and religion, which neither the Vikings nor...

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The Viking Rus

180-207)(etymonline.com), became loosely organized under the Rus' Khaganate. The ruler of the Rus during their Anatolian expedition in 839 was called chaganus (i.e. Khaqan) (Golden 1982: 77-92). In 860, the Rus invaded the Byzantine Empire, and subsequently launched several wars with the Byzantine Empire and expeditions to the Caspian Sea. The early leaders of Rus were most likely a Norse elite that ruled a majority of Slavic subjects (britannica.com). According to The Primary Chronicle, the earliest chronicle...

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Runciman and Hans Mayer. Many Historians agree that there were three main causes for the “demise of the second crusade”, these are: The lack of competent leadership for the crusading forces, the lack of unity and clear objectives, and the lack of Byzantine support. The leadership of the crusade was a very prominent factor leading to the failure of the second crusade. King Louis VII of France was a “figurehead of this failure”, he is almost always blamed for the general failure of leadership by historians...

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Reasons for Vladimir I's Conversion to Christianity and How It Changed the Culture of Eastern Slavs

them had already converted to a monastic religion. Vladimir I, a great prince of Kiev, reigned from 980 till 1015 and succeeded in the mass conversion of the Eastern Slavs.1 Throughout his reign Vladimir’s agenda had always been to strengthen his empire, in order to be considered valuable among the dominate nations of the European family.2 The traditional view of Vladimir’s motivation for the conversion is that only after considering all monastic faiths, did he finally reach the decision of Eastern...

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Church History Research Paper

results.”[2] “In 1904, Pope Urban II (1088-1099) received an appeal from Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comenus for military assistance against the Turks in Anatolia. Urban had done much to restore Papal prestige after Gregory VII and the Investiture Controversy. While engaged in a papal tour of French dioceses, he stopped at Clermont, and Preached the First Crusade.”[3] The Muslim victories against the Byzantines was a disgrace to Christianity. Instead of Europe fighting within itself, the thought...

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Informative Speech Outline - Puglia, Italy

Romans began their conquest of the territory and built the Via Appia (the historic Roman road) to connect it to Rome. C. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 AD, Puglia was for a time under the influence of Byzanthium, then was gradually occupied by the Lombards, the Franks and Saracens. D. In the 10th century the Eastern Roman Empire defeated the Saracens and came in control, but the cities of Puglia were already rising in power and wanted more autonomy. E. In 1059 the Norman Roberto...

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Justinian and the Byzantine Empire

During the Emperor Justinian’s reign, from 527 until 565, the Byzantine Empire expanded in wealth, power and prestige. Much of this was due to Justinian’s skilful rule. There were also periods of retrenchment and plague which often makes the period seem an unsuccessful one, although I believe these times showed his quality as an Emperor. One reason that the Empire expanded under Justinian was because of his ability to pick exceptional advisors. The men that he gave power to owed this to him and...

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The Fourth Crusade

arrival of spring, the Crusaders found another employer. They met a young man by the name of Alexius IV (Grant 86). Alexius IV was the son of an old Byzantine emperor by the name of Isaac II. In byzantine culture "whoever could take the throne and hold it was emperor". Alexius IV's brother Alexius III had overthrown Alexius IV’s father. In Byzantine culture a blind man could not become emperor so Alexius III blinded Isaac II so he could not become emperor again. Alexius III also locked up his younger...

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The Three Greatest Battles of the Middle Ages

apostolate, Medieval Europe had its fair share of problems. All of their problems, more or less, accumulated during the period surrounding the First Crusade. With the Muslim armies closing in upon the seat of the Byzantine Empire, Constantinople, the kingdoms in the west had to act fast since the Byzantine city was the gateway from the Middle East to the Western World. Blessed Pope Urban II, in a desperate call for help, gave his famous speech at Clermont in 1095 calling all Christian men to, "Guard on all...

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The Muslims Of Medieval Italy By Alex M

The Muslims of Medieval Italy by Alex Metcalfe Less than two hundred years after the death of the prophet Muhammad the rule of Islam had spread from the Arab Peninsula to Italy after the Roman Empire had crumbled away; eventually it spread all the way to Iberia. The book The Muslims of Medieval Italy by Alex Metcalfe focuses on the Muslim-Christian dynamic and the respective ruling entities by examining the chronological timeline of events and more cultural history of the dynamic in the region...

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his prayers because she wanted to conceive. The old monk refused because he thought it would be a great inconvenience for the empire. Theodora never ended up conceiving with Justinian and her previous daughter was her only known child. The “Nika” revolt took away a lot of Theodora’s voice in Justinian’s ear. A riot broke out in 532 which almost completely toppled the empire. Theodora being the amazing leader that she was rose to speak when everyone else was speechless. She urged defiance and stated...

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crusades newspaper project

close to all of our food. In Other News Dick Butt Still Alexies still ran the risk of losing all of the surrounding land of his empire to catholic control. But I over herd one of the emperor’s servants’ talking about an agreement where the emperor provides everything we will need for the conquest but in return we return all the land to the Byzantine empire. It doesn’t seem like we have much of an option in the current state we’re in. Why Pope Urban II began the crusade Why the knights...

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An Analysis of "Sailing to Byzantium."

burned for their faith, and it can be seen as the ultimate way to make a transition between the natural world and Byzantium; to be burned by God's holy fire and let the intellect of the soul leave the human form. A key fact about the figures in the Byzantine mosaic is that they have not themselves succumbed to effects of time because they are made of gold. Yeats saw gold as representing an untarnished brilliance and permanence, and later in the poem requests to become hammered into a golden bird with...

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The First Christian Crusade: Four Accounts

(Readings in Medieval History, Geary, page 407) Anna Comnena was the daughter of emperor Alexius, who ruled Byzantine and participated in the crusade, albeit it may have been with reluctance. Well the crusaders were traveling to the East many had to go through Byzantine in order to get there, this obviously lead to some discomfort for Alexius, fearing that the army would try and take the Byzantine capitol, Constantinople. Anna Comena wrote an account of this in her book about her father’s reign, The...

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Louis 2nd Crusade

the mistakes made by Louis VII but there were also other reasons that inffluenced the failure of the crusade. These included the lack of Byzantine aid by Manuel Commenus and also the rivalry between Kings. Firstly, Byzantiu did play a part in the failure of the failure of the second crusade. One reason for this was that Manuel was more concerned with Byzantines position than the fate and position of the crusader states. Manuel saw the crusade as an inconvenience as it prevented him from his plans...

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Social Institution

agricultural bureaucracies, trade organizations, and stock markets. The importance of economic institutions in history is shown in the following historical passage. After the fall of the Roman Empire, western Europe fell into what has been termed the "Dark Ages." It was cut off from the rich trade with the Byzantine Empire and Muslim world. Society was broken into small estates held by landowners who had taken the land from the Romans. These landowners were known as lords and the area that they controlled...

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A World Lit Only by Fire

empowered them to question and break away from the church during the Reformation. European's religious outlook changed greatly during the Reformation of the 1500's. Christianity became so popular after Rome made it the official religion of its empire in 331 A.D.. The power over people's individual's lives came when people's standard of living was so poor and all they had was the inspiration of the thought that if they suffered as Christ did on earth they would live a glorious life in heaven...

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Mistakes of The First Crusade

was the first to leave France, with eight knights and an ample infantry. They arrived in Constantinople earlier than expected. Shortly after Avoir and his troops left, Peter’s army had passed through Hungary, and since the commander of the Byzantine territory didn’t know what to do, he did not let them enter. So, with low supplies, they had to roam the countryside for food. Eventually they were allowed in the area of Niš. The termination of the People’s Crusade was brought about...

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Overview and Analysis of the Crusades

Christians believed that gaining control of it was their fate. The pope would gather the people together and incite them. The origin of the crusades was a result of the expanding Turks in the middle east. These Turkish forces invaded Byzantium, a Christian empire. The crusaders were a militia, sent out to recover what they thought was theirs. The first crusade was essentially started by Pope Urban II. On November 27, 1095, he gathered his followers outside the French city of Clermont-Ferrand. He preached...

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Were the Crusades Justified?

result of the expansion and occupancy of two conflicting empires that had come into contact with each other. The major primary differences between the two empires were their ethic origin and religious backgrounds. One side was Christian while other was Muslim. The Christians were predominately white and the Muslims were of Asiatic descent. The Christians were apart of the eastern empire of Byzantium [also known as the Roman or Greek Empire]. The oppositional force [the Muslims] was the Seljuk...

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Byzantium and the West in the Age of the Crusade

of Christianity. Mainly, the desired area was the Holy Land in the Levant, however, due to the lack of monetary funds, the Fourth Crusade became a second. The French knights who desired wealth, transported by Venetian sailors, laid siege upon the Byzantines to take over Constantinople, ultimately capturing the city from the Greeks. Furthermore, only Robert of Clari’s account of the siege at Constantinople and Pope Innocent III’s letters refute one another. In Clari’s account, it is stated that the...

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Why Did Urban Call for a Crusade in 1095?

sure that these areas would be completely Christian. Urban wished to expand the Church’s sphere of influence to those previously Christian parts of Europe and Northern Africa which had been overrun by the Islamic world.. In March of 1095, the Byzantine emperor Alexius I Comnenus appealed to the papacy for military aid to help against increasingly hostile neighbours. In 1095 the Seljuk Turks had come within one hundred miles of Byzantium or Constantinople, and they were thought to be threatening...

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Ottoman Empire

Caitlin Yilmaz Mr. Tunstead Social Studies Period 1 H 4 March 2013 The Ottoman Empire During the Middle Ages, the Pope, Pope Urban, called for a crusade at the Council of Clermont. Urban claimed that the goal was to reclaim the Holy Land, but the real reason behind the Crusades was not for God, but for power. The Pope wanted to extend his power over the Byzantine Empire. The first few Crusades were about reclaiming the Holy Land, but when the fourth Crusade came, the religious ideals were shed in...

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Distribution Systems in Post Classical China(Tang Dynasty) and the Byzantine Empire

Stella Boye-Doe CC Essay- Tang China and the Byzantine Empire During the postclassical period from 600 to 1450 CE empires, such as the Tang dynasty in China and the Byzantine Empire, used new methods of equal land distribution in their societies. Each empire had very distinct methods for organizing the distribution of land in their empires.For the Tang dynasty land was distributed according to the equal field system while in the Byzantine empire land was given according to the theme system....

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Byzantine Empire and Local Tax Collector

administrators. 7. The early followers of Jesus, before the conversion of Paul of Tarsus, were mostly Hellenized Jews. 8. The main source of Augustus's power was his position as commander of the army. 9. The most powerful institution in the Roman Empire was the army 10. The Roman poet Virgil's Aeneid was a mythological account of the founding of Rome. 11. In The City of God, St. Augustine stated that history is the account of God acting in time. 12. All of the following are elements...

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Compare and Contrast the Fall of the Byzantine and West Roman Empire

witnessed the decline of the Byzantine Empire and its ultimate destruction. Loss of territory, internal discord, and defeats by the crusaders were blows from which the empire could not recover. The decline of the Western Roman Empire refers to the societal collapse encompassing both the gradual disintegration of the political, economic, military, and other social institutions of Rome and the barbarian invasions that were its final doom. The Byzantine Empire, much like the Roman Empire, faced a formidable...

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Byzantine Empire

Period 3 DBQ: The Byzantine Empire When the western Roman Empire descended into chaos in 500 C.E. much of the Roman culture on the west side was lost, while the Eastern empire survived and preserved much of the surviving Roman Culture, but changed it’s name to the “Byzantine Empire,” showing individuality in many aspects between Rome and Byzantine. The Byzantine Empire was the surviving reminisces of the Roman Empire, which flourished into the oldest and longest lasting empire in our history....

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similarities and differences between the byzantine empire and medieval europe

similarities and differences between the Byzantine Empire and medieval Western Europe. There are also many factors that have contributed to their changes. The reign of these emperors and traditions of these empires had led to important historical developments and has also taught us on how political leaders should have ruled. The reign of Byzantine emperor Justinian I from 482–565 C.E. was of both glory and destruction. Justinian reconquered much of the former Roman Empire while creating lasting legal codes...

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Byzantine Empire

 Homework #13 cont.d a. The Byzantine Empire acted as a shield against the Arabs and Turks, preventing them from wilder invasions and conquests in Europe. Classical Greek and Roman texts were used during the rule of the Byzantine Empire after the fall of the Roman Empire (in the west). When the Crusades came, the crusaders brought a grand quantity of important Europeans into close contact with the wealthier and sophisticated Byzantine culture. The European texts that were supposedly lost...

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Economic Factors in the Decline of the Byzantine Empire

“Economic Factors in the Decline of the Byzantine Empire” In this article taken from The Journal of Economic History, Peter Charanis discusses the factors that economically affected the decline of the Byzantine Empire. His discussion is based on the fact that past scholars, such as English historian Edward Gibbon who wrote The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, thought the Byzantine Empire was in a constant state of decline throughout its existence, but he disagrees. He says that...

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Shanti Empire

Shanti Empire Through out the course of this school year, we have learned and examined multiple civilizations. For this project, we had to create our own ultimate civilization-gathering achievements from other civilizations and piecing them together to from the perfect Utopia. Like with Mesopotamia, Ancient Egypt, Ancient China, Ancient Greece and just about every early civilization-location played a vital role in the upbringing and culture of the peoples. My civilization resides in where...

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Christians in the Byzantium Empire

Byzantium Empire The Byzantine Empire was in fact the Eastern Roman Empire. Byzantium was established in the year 395 and came to an end in 1453. During the Byzantine reign of power, we shall see imperial Christianity which was distinctive to Byzantium. This was a rule were the Pope was not the ruler over the Christians but it was effectively the Emperor who held control over the church. This included appointing prominent bishops and also appointed patriarchs.1 The religious aspect of Byzantines are very...

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Byzantine Empire Contributions

hour Contributions from the Byzantine Empire After the fall of the Western empire, a new empire rose called the Byzantine Empire. This empire was a continuation of the Roman Empire in many ways. They considered themselves Romans, and the true inheritors of the intellectual, political, and spiritual legacy of Imperial Rome. Over the years the Byzantine formed a culture for itself and developed laws and religions. Even after the fall of the empire, what the Byzantine Empire had created contributed political...

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