"Pope" Essays and Research Papers


Doğaç Hüseyin KUTLU Professor Metin TOPRAK 3. Class Evening 090112062 December 21, 2012 Ideas of Alexander Pope in Essay On Criticism 1. Introduction to Age of Enlightenment & Essay on Criticism The Age of Enlightenment was a widespread literary and intellectual movement took place in Europe and England. This age encouraged intellectual freedom as well as freedom from prejudice, religious beliefs, and politics. In that age, Neoclassical Movement which on literature and...

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Plunging with the Pope

PLUNGING WITH THE POPE Characters The Pope - an ancient but by no means feeble man. It is vital that this actor has a flair for comedy and good comedic timing The Camerlengo - Much younger (late twenties, early thirties), somewhat naiive The Pope’s private office. There is a desk and a table. He and the camerlengo are decorating the place for Christmas. There is tinsel and a nativity scene. Perhaps Christmas music The camerlengo steps forward and begins speaking to the audience ...

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Attitudes in Jesse Pope and Dulce Et Decorum Est

Compare the poets attitude to war in ‘Dulce et Decorum est’ by Wilfred Owen and ‘Who’s for the game?’ by Jesse Pope In this essay I will be comparing the poets attitudes to war in ‘Dulce et decorum est’ by Wilfred Owen and ‘Who’s for the game? by Jesse Pope. ‘Dulce et decorum est’ is about the unglamorous reality of trench life, while ‘Who’s for the game?’ is a propaganda poem published in the Daily Mail encouraging young men to join the army. Both have different views and attitudes to war and...

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Alexander Pope

 Alexander Pope: Literary Analysis Everybody knows Alexander Pope as a British poet, but he actually did more writing besides poetry. He also did translations of some other famous writings from Homer and Shakespeare. Some of his writings are still very famous today, such as the Rape of the Lock and Essay on Man. Pope was born on May 21, 1688 in London to two Catholic parents. Pope was affected to the amount he could learn due to the Tests Acts, which upheld the status of the established...

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jessie pope

jessie Pope was a journalist who wrote recruitment poems for the Daily Mail during the First World War. The poems she did write were positive propaganda poems for the war; her objective was to stimulate patriotism in the readers so that the men would join the forces. Pope wrote a persuasive poem where she compared war to a game. This is illustrated in the title 'Who's for the game?' It shows that her attitude to war was that it was a great big event that everyone should take part in one way or another...

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Pope Francis

the papal name Francis, after St. Francis of Assisi, and was elected as the new pope of the Catholic Church. It was on March 13, 2013 that white smoke rose from the chimney on the roof of the Sistine Chapel at the Vatican and Pope Francis was elected the two hundred and sixty-sixth pope. He is a pope of many firsts. The first Jesuit pope, first pope from the Americas, and first non- European pope in more than a millennium. He is known for being humble, willing to help the poor...

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Seventeen Popes and One Hundred Years: The Construction of St. Peter’s Basilica

 Seventeen Popes and One Hundred Years: The Construction of St. Peter’s Basilica Megan Malone Since 64 CE, Rome has been a center for the Christian church. St. Peter, believed by many to have special authority given by Christ, was martyred and buried there. From then on, Rome has held religious significance, for the Christian church. His death and burial were memorialized by the construction of churches. Most significant of these buildings, St. Peter’s Basilica...

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The Epistle of Pope

1. Although Pope worked on this poem from 1729 and had finished the first three epistles by 1731, they did not appear until between February and May 1733, and the fourth epistle was published in January 1734. The first collected edition was published in April 1734. The poem was originally published anonymously, Pope not admitting its authorship until its appearance in The Works, II (April 1735). The Essay on Man was originally conceived as part of a longer philosophical poem (see...

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alexander pope

 Alexander Pope Born: May 21, 1688, London Died: May 30, 1744, Twickenham Books: The Rape of the Lock, An Essay on Criticism, Eloisa to Abelard, Epistle to Dr Arbuthnot, Elegy to the Memory of an Unfortunate Lady, Alexander Pope, Scriblerus, Memoirs of the Life and Writings of Alexander Pope, The Odyssey Of Homer Libretti: Acis and Galatea Alexander Pope (21 May 1688 – 30 May 1744) was an 18th-century English poet, best known for his satirical verse and for his translation...

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Pope Clement VII

Pope Clement VII Giulio de’ Medici was born in the exquisite city of Florence, Italy on May 26, 1478. He was the son of Fioretta Gorini, and the prevailing Giuliano de’ Medici whom was in fact one of the pronounced leaders of Florence during the late 1400’s. Giuliano de’ Medici was brother of Lorenzo the Magnificent and was recognized as the “co-ruler” of Florence in his time. After the tragic assassination of his father and death of his mother, Giulio de’ Medici was then taken in and educated...

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informative essay on pope

19 March 2013 Resignation of Pope Benedict XVI and Election of Pope Francis The resignation of Pope Benedict XVI and the election of Pope Francis are getting to be a pretty big deal around the world. Pope Benedict XVI was born under the name Joseph Ratzinger on April 16, 1927 in Marktl am Inn, Bavaria Germany. He grew up under war and reparation from World War I. He was briefly a member of the Hitler Youth in his early teenage years. He turned to theology studies after the war. His father was...

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summery of Jane Sayers Bio on Pope Innocent III

the world of the Holy Roman Empire up to Pope Innocent. She explains the papacy at the time and how it interacted with the modern world. Sayers goes into depth as to how he made all of his power grabs with kings, the fourth crusade, and his convening of the fourth Lateran Council. The majority of the book is a gross amount of details. The beginning of the chapter on Innocent’s life describes his family and how they got to be in the position they did. Pope Innocent’s birth name was Lotario dei Conti...

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Alexander Pope: a Life

Maynard Mack was the Sterling Professor Emeritus of English at Yale University and an illustrious authority on Shakespeare and Alexander Pope. Professor Maynard Mack was a affiliate of the Yale University for forty-five years. He began as an instructor in 1936 giving English lectures. Also, during the 1960’s he was the administrator of the English section and in 1965 he was titled Sterling Professor. He died wen he was ninety in New Haven. But it is important to mention that he was as well a...

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CHHI 301 B02 The Rise Of Papacy Paper 2

of the west or east of Rome since its demise. The term “papacy” (papatus), meant to distinguish the Roman bishop’s office from all bishoprics (episcopatus), and The Head of the Roman Catholic Church the pope is considered the successor of Peter and the vicar of Christ (Elwell, p. 888). The “pope” is a terms of endearment which means “father” and this was the title of the most important and influential bishops in the early church. The church at Rome nevertheless enjoyed and wanted to preserve the...

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Henry VIII "Defender of the Faith"

Henry VIII Defender of the Faith “The Defender of the Faith” is a title of which has been bestowed upon all English Monarch since the reign of Henry VIII. Decreed by Pope Leo X on the 17th of October 1521 the title represented Henry VIII’s piety and loyalty to the Roman Catholic Church. However Henry VIII’s agenda changed, the pope became a hindrance to his plan thus he no longer sought the Catholic faith for guidance. From the pious, motivated, youthful King that Henry VIII was, to the tyrant...

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Pope Benedict-Friendship with Jesus

have a good idea of who Pope Benedict XVI was. All I knew was that he was a very intellectual and gentle man from Germany who people loved to listen to. There have been many controversies surrounding Pope Benedict, but people continue to listen to his insightful religious lectures. Now after reading this brief insight by Sister Mary, I have developed a newfound appreciation for this man because of the hardships he experienced early in his life. To overcome these adversities, Pope Benedict relied on his...

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Protestant Reformation Dbq

reformation was caused by a variety of corruptions within the catholic church, and dissatisfactions outside the church related to the church’s habits, some of these included: economic corruption, the sale of indulgences, the power and authority of the pope, and the all around dissatisfaction with the practice of external worship. One of the many corruptions of the Roman Catholic church that triggered the Protestant Reformation was economic corruption. The Roman catholic church was swathed in opulence...

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The Holy Roman Empire

(Augusta) from Pope John XII. For many years after this ceremony an Emperor would be proclaim in German lands which would become the Holy Roman Empire. The formative years of the Holy Roman Empire, included the papal decline and recovery of Rome in addition to the struggle for power. A pope is in need of help from the Frankish king. After being physically attacked by his enemies in the streets of Rome. It is not known what is agreed, but Charlemagne travels to Rome in 800 to support the pope. But unexpectedly...

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The First Christian Crusade: Four Accounts

motives for the first crusade, and all the accounts are from the perspective of different sides of the war. The accounts all serve to widen our perspective, we hear from the Christian and Middle Eastern side of the conflict. Fulcher of Chartres claims, Pope Urban the Second urged all Christians to intervene in the “East” at the council of Claremont, saying it was a sign of “Strength of good will”. (Readings in Medieval History, Geary, page 396). Solomon Bar Simson, a member of the Jewish community in...

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Henry Viii and the Break with Rome

Henry VIII began his reign as a loyal Catholic, accepting the Pope as head of the Church. The Pope even gave Henry the title, ‘Defender of the Faith’. However, this time of peace between Henry VIII and Rome did not last forever! Henry had married Catherine of Aragon, the daughter of the King of Spain (an important Roman Catholic ruler). Henry and Catherine were happily married for nearly twenty years. However, to carry on his line, Henry needed a healthy male heir. Unfortunately, Catherine gave...

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How far do you agree that the failure o

Austria had very strong domination over Italy. It had agreements with Ferdinand, king of Kingdom of the 2 Sicilies, and helped the pope maintain his kingdom. Only Piedmont Sardinia wasn't influenced by Austria. The rulers of Parma, Modena and Tuscany were directly or indirectly related with the House of Hapsburg. The ruler of Naples had concluded a treaty with Austria. The Pope of Rome was the supporter of Austrian policy. In this way, Austria was the real master of Italy. They helped to destroy the success...

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To what extent had the provisions of The Vienna Settlement (1815) relating to Italy been overthrown by 1849?

balancing out power throughout Europe. Various measures were put in place in order to completely dispel the influence that French rule had in Italy, often leading to the regression of States. For example, the Papal States had tight censorship with the pope leading the states and armed forces were stationed there in order to retain the settlement that was imposed. In Sardinia Victor Emanuel even went as far as abolishing the gas lights and parks put in the state by the French. This highlights the great...

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Why did the First Crusade erupt?

based on a single speech. Jonathan Philips argues that Pope Urban II’s speech in 1095 had managed to draw together a number of key concerns and trends, synthesising them into a “single, highly popular idea”, which led to the First Crusade. Described often as an ambitious politician, it is certain that the Pope intended this to happen, for various motives, and his audience were ready consumers of the information he proclaimed to them. Pope Urban’s motives for his iconic speech in Clermont were largely...

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How Do You Perceive the Historical Transformation from the Collapse of Rome to the Dawn of the Middle Ages

held the power of the empire. In 752 Pepin dethroned the last Merovingian king and took the throne for himself and restored the power to the monarchy. He shared the kingdom with his brother Carloman. They ruled the land in harmony. Ten years later Pope Stephen crowned Pepin, and thereby solidifying his right to the throne. He had a son named Charlemagne, who later became king and was referred to as “Charles the Great”. This honorable name was bestowed upon him because he was the first king to re-establish...

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Swift and Pope on Satire

Swift said that he wrote Gulliver’s Travels to 'vex the world'. Discuss the purpose of Augustan satire, with reference to works by Swift and Pope. This essay will strive to prove that the ‘Augustan Age’ was the first example of a literary community using satire to directly challenge cultural, social, political and challenging intellectual issues. It is quite usual to find in satiric works of the 18th century an unusually direct assault from the writers against contemporary government officials...

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Causes and Consequences of the Reformation.

away from it. For example, the Great Schism. The Great Schism greatly reduced the Church?s popularity when there was so much confusion over who was Pope. In 1378 the Cardinals in Rome elected Prignano to be Pope, but they soon chose Robert of Geneva to be Pope. Robert called himself Clement VIII and left Rome to Avingnon. Much chaos followed because the Pope was not home to solve problems with Protestants, etc. A third long-term cause was that the Church owned lots of land. This was an economic reason...

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A World Lit Only by Fire

story shows the change in the "Dark Ages" from the dependence on religion to thinking in your own light, old ideas and findings were challenged and proven wrong after thousands of years, and the power of the rulers finally surpassed the power of the pope. The transition of Europe from the Medieval Times to the Renaissance included changes in the political, intellectual, and religious aspects of life. As Europe left the Medieval Era and entered the Renaissance, its political system was undergoing...

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Was England Torn Apart by Religious Revolution in the Years 1547-1559?

the rest of Europe as well. The once unified structure of the church under the undisputed power of the Pope collapsed, dividing Europe into a number of hostile sects. Whilst England adopted Protestantism before returning to Catholicism under Mary, Scandinavian countries and Germany became Lutheran, and Holland and Scotland turned to Calvinism. The vast domination that once owed allegiance to the Pope now only consisted of countries such as Italy, Austria, France and Spain, and even in these, Protestant...

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Bedeutend oder Tragische?: An Analysis of the "Ninety-Five Theses Rap" In Light of the Textual Evidence of Martin Luther

Jay-Z, instead the songwriters cleverly opt for the wording I have ninety-five theses, but the Pope ain’t one. Comedic in nature, Dominitz does have strong points in his depiction of Luther and his integrity, however the content of the song does include some historical and textual inaccuracies. For instance, take into consideration the second verse just mentioned: I have ninety-five theses but the Pope ain’t one. Initially, this line could be seen as amiss bearing in mind that the actions of the...

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Major Differences Between the Thought of Martin Luther and the Ideas of the Medieval Latin- Rite Tradition

an eventual entrance to heaven” [15] and hence given the name Purgatory. Luther’s view of purgatory in his ninety-five theses condemns the Pope’s motives of the teaching. In his theses he writes as follows: 82 They ask, e.g., Why does not the Pope liberate everyone from purgatory for the sake of love (a most holy thing) and because of the supreme necessity of their souls? This would be morally the best of all reasons. Meanwhile he redeems innumerable souls for money, a most perishable thing...

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AP World Group Outline 1

 the Catholic Church was the only stabilizing  institution left after the fall of Rome. Throughout the postclassical era, the Catholic Church  had to compete with secular groups, other religions, and its own corruption to emerge as the  dominant authority in Western Europe (as the Pope became the most powerful man in  Europe) at the end of postclassical era by asserting its divine authority, acting as the  gatekeeper to salvation for all people, securing alliances with other states, and collecting  alms.     476 ­when Rome falls...

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Luther Film Review

Uwe Ochsenknecht (POPE LEO X), Marco Hofschneider (ULRICK), Benjamin Sadler (SPALATIN), Claire Cox (KATHARIN VON BORA), Gene Reed (FREDERICK OF SAXONY) The film, Luther, is set during the period of 1450 to 1750 but more specifically in the 1500’s. This is during the reign of Charles V who is the Holy Roman Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire encompasses the Latin West and its official religion is Catholicism. Pope Leo X is the head of the Catholic...

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Chapter 11 Outline and Summary Ap European History

Milan and the oligarchic republics of Florence and Venice. Warfare was endemic. The papacy declined. Confrontation between France’s Philip IV (d.1314) and Pope Boniface VIII led to the removal of the papacy to Avignon on France’s border in 1305. From 1377 there were two competing popes. Some argued that a general council, not the pope, should rule the church, and Conciliarism did end the Great Schism. There was a preoccupation with salvation. Some turned to good works, others to mysticism and...

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Rome History

prestige by the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire, Constantinople, whose inhabitants continued through the centuries to call themselves Roman. Middle Ages 15th-century miniature depicting the Sack of Rome (410) The Bishop of Rome, called the Pope, was important since the early days of Christianity because of the martyrdom of both the apostles Peter andPaul there. The Bishops of Rome were also seen (and still are seen by some) as the successors of Peter, he being the first Bishop of Rome. The...

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The Crusades

church over its people. There are good and bad things that came out of the Crusades; the heart of the people and the corruption of man. But where does the story start? The call to fight started in November 27, 1095 during the Council of Clermont under Pope Urban II. Urban address the Council and sent his priests out to give sermons to motivate the people. This was in response to the Eastern Emperor Alexios’ request for help. Urban’s call was heard throughout the land that any man who went and fought...

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Anglican Church and the Monarchy

issues in history, and the Church of England was no exception. Issues with the monarchy ruling the church in Britain was the reason for many debates, wars, civil issues and rights to the throne. Initially the Church was under Papal rule, making the Pope have control over something the Throne did not. Hunger for power in the sixteenth century was not limited to land control and civil control; it spread right up to the Church of England causing many problems for the monarchy and Papal authority. The...

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Exam Q2

German Nationalism was one of the most important causes of the Reformation because this feeling for an independent Germany already existed before Luther directly set off the Reformation with his role of the 95 Theses. This feeling was caused by the pope and the Catholic Church exploiting Germany to pay more taxes and to sell more indulgences within its borders. Unlike Germany, France or Spain the Holy Roman Empire did not have a strong central government, just 7 electors which had significant political...

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Pre World War 1 Architecture

further strengthen it in their local areas. 3.) Concordat of Worms This was an agreement between the Pope and the Holy Roman Emperors. It allowed the kings to give political power to the bishops and to appoint them for political purposes. The Pope retained the power though for all matters of a spiritual and religious nature in regards to ruling bishops. The meeting was between Pope Calixtus II and Holy Roman Emporer Henry V on September 23, 1122. The idea behind the meeting was to bring to...

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Desiderius Erasmus' the Praise of Folly

that they alone are wise while the rest of mortal men flit about as shadows (Erasmus, The Praise of Folly, Spanish Version, 67).” Erasmus is talking about the false idea that the Pope alone has the gift to interpret the Holy Scripture, as well as the allegation that the Pope has a divine wisdom. Erasmus’ view of the Pope and the Romanists is that they “knowing nothing in general, they profess to know all things in particular; though they are ignorant even of themselves, and on occasion do not see...

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how significant was mone in causeing henry VIII to breack with rome?

was illegal as she had previously married Arthur, Henry's older brother who had died 6 months after the wedding. He also wanted to marry Anne Boleyn but could not marry her unless he first had a divorce from his wife. Henry asked the Pope for a divorce but the Pope would not allow him to divorce Catherine, however Henry did proceed to divorce his wife anyway. P3 Another reason for the break with Rome was faith; In some parts of Europe a group of People called Protestants were setting up their...

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Why was Charlemagne made Holy Roman Emperor

much speculation on the imperial coronation of Charlemagne in 800 and the sources written on it hold vary varying opinions as to which of the parties involved in this coronation played the key role in making it happen. These characters consist of; The Pope, the court (namely Alucin) and Charlemagne himself. It can also be disputed that the coronation was simply a natural outcome of the long term growth in Frankish and Papal relations over time. Our initial response to this question would be that the...

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Analysis of the Influence of Religious Reformation on the Change of

the Catholic Church in Rome. And calling it feudalism because Rome's Catholic Church has its own independent feudalism morphology.    First of all, in politics, the Church of Rome implement the feudal centralization of state power headed by the Pope, the Pope has the right to make decision, changes in the law, the division of the parish; Through faculty appointments in the establishment of the archbishop, bishops, priests and other components of the feudal education order hierarchy, all over Europe...

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Crusades: First Crusade and New Paragraph

part of the Byzantine Empire. (NEW PARAGRAPH) When the Turks threatened the capital city of Constantinople, the Byzantine emperor appealed to the pope in Rome. Because Christian pilgrims going to Palestine came home with reports of persecution from the Turks, the Byzantine emperor’s appeal for help found a reception in Europe. (NEW PARAGRAPH) Pope Urban I wanted to regain the Holy Land from the Muslims. He called a great meeting of church leaders and French nobles at Clermont France in 1095. At...

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Middle Ages

unified Western Europe, which is now across France, Germany and Italy. He spent most of his time fighting Muslims. When he died, he left his empire with a long lasting legacy. The pope was a great leader when we are talking about Christianity. He was the leader of all church. Charlemagne helped the pope and agreed with the pope, they were buddies. Henry the 8th on the other hand wasn’t, and out of that, we had another religion, but for now that’s not important now. Peter the great, was the leader of Russia...

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Were the Crusades Justified?

other churches were require to take orders from. Commander and Priest Pope Urban II and other leaders of the Western orthodox received a call of disparity from the Byzantium emperor Alexius II. During the month of November of 1095, there was a great gathering the city of Clermont, France in which Pope Urban II delivered his response to the request for aid from the Byzantium Empire. With great fervor and “holy rhetoric” Pope Urban II agreed that he and his kingdom would help the Byzantium by defending...

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The Catholic Reformation

Protestantism, and to regain land lost to Protestantism, as well as spread Catholicism to new places. Led mainly by Pope Paul III and Pope Paul IV, the counter reformation had many long lasting effects on not only Europe, but also the entire world. The first thing the church worked on reforming was it’s doctrines, or beliefs they held and preached. In order to come up with a unified decision, Pope Paul III called together a council of church leaders to a meeting, known as the Council of Trent. From 1545...

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Was Henry Viii Catholic or Protestant

the VIII was the second English Tudor king, after his father, Henry VII. He reigned over England from, 21st April 1509 until, 28th January 1547. During his childhood and his first marriage, Henry was a firm believer of the Catholic Church and of the Pope. However things changed and later in Henrys reign the English reformation came to England; the monasteries were closed and Henry separated himself from the Roman Catholic Church. Henry was definitely starting to look more and more like a protestant...

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Cornell Notes Chapter 14

government * Few women could join guilds * Women had lower wages than men * Women could socially advance by marrying wealthy men * Merchant bankers specialized in money changing, loans, and investments * Merchant bankers gave the pope funds know as peters pence- a collection taken annually in every Latin west church * Princes/kings supported wars and courts with credit * Florentine financiers invented checking accounts and organized share holder comps * Medici family...

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Western Europe Religion Change and Continuity over Time Essay

the vision of the cross before a major battle. He believed that the Christian God helped him and so he made Christianity the Empires official religion. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Roman nobles lost control of the papacy –office of the pope- and it became a powerful international power after the tenth century. Councils of bishops became increasingly responsive to papal direction. Regional disagreements over church regulations, difficult communications, a shortage of trained clergy and...

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Protestant Reformation

that split up Europe. The protest against the church was not entirely new. In England there had been similar protests in the 14th century: although these had been crushed. Luther gained a lot of support for his ideas. Many people were unhappy with the Pope and the Church. The Reformation began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church. The Protestant Reformation started in the northern and central parts of Europe. This area was affected because it is further away from the Catholic religious capital...

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Fall of Rome

Christianity was prominent both before and during Byzantium, and played an important role in the kingdom. For example, Gregory I, who later became a pope, converted the King of the Franks, Clovis in 496 A.D., a major event that took place in the early years of the empire. The missionary journey by St. Augustine to Europe was vital. Because Pope Gregory I commissioned Augustine to spread Christianity, it led to the popularity of the religion in Western Europe. The advancement of Christianity encouraged...

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Notes Chapter 10 Christianity

that has still not been healed; “Roman Catholic” was not commonly used until after the Protestant Reformation, but the term is just since, by the eleventh century, Western Christendom defined itself in centralized terms, with the bishop of Rome (the pope) as the ultimate authority in matters of doctrine. Constantinople: New capital for the eastern half of the Roman Empire, established by Emperor Constantine in 330 c.e. on the site of the ancient Greek city of Byzantium; Constantinople’s highly defensible...

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Medieval Manor And The Church

there is no direct loyalty or unspoken obligation to serve through owing between someone and another. There is not as much trust involved in business. The Church and the People 1. What is the role of the parish priest? The bishop? The archbishop? The Pope? The parish priest would be the only educated person in the village, so he would give his help and advice, as well as christening, marrying, visiting and burying citizens of its village. He would also try to make citizens the friends of God. The bishop...

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Notes For SOR1

Council of Nicea 325CE – Arianism and Athanasism heresies Outcome – Nicene Creed replaced Apostles Creed Council of Chalcedon 451CE – Supremacy: Bishop of Rome (first called pope) first Patriarch of Constantinople 2nd Heresies: Docetism : [100-200CE] the humanity and sufferings of the earthly Christ ...

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essay about the world

Europe. In the Catholic kingdom, religion was very important and organized. First, their religion was the Catholic Christianity, and in the church hierarchy, there were different classes. The highest class was the pope, the second was the bishops, and lastly was the priests. Basically, the pope was considered to be the ruler of the Christian world (Ellis 193). Just how the Catholic religion was organized, so was the feudal system in Western Europe. The feudal systems contained social hierarchy, and the...

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he comes along walks up on an orator of Catholic religion. The minister asks him ‘Do you believe that the Pope is the Antichrist, my friend?' ‘I have never heard anyone say so' relied Candide, ‘but whether he is or he isn't, I want some food.' ‘You don't deserve to eat' said the other….The minister's wife looked out of the window at that moment, and seeing a man who was not sure that the Pope was Antichrist, emptied over his head a pot full of…, which shows to what lengths ladies are driven by a religious...

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1420, when Pope Martin V (papacy 1417-31) brought the papacy back the Rome for good, it became something of a papal duty to restore the city to its former greatness. Because as many as 100,000 visitors might swarm into Rome during religious holidays, it was important that they be “moved by its extraordinary sights,” as one pope put it, and thus find their “belief continually confirmed and daily corroborated by great buildings … seemingly made by the hand of God.” In other words, the popes were charged...

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Mark of the Church Paper

objectives in life are supposed to be as one. To Catholics, the Church is one because all of its members practice the same faith and are united in one direction in serving God. To Catholics, the Pope is a unifying figure. The Pope helps to keep unity when national and cultural differences come up. The Pope calls Catholics everywhere to remember the one direction of the Church and their responsibility to all of God’s people. The Church Is Holy. The Church is holy because the Church is in union...

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The Age of Faith Dbq

Church expanded and gained more power. In Pope Urban II’s Call for the First Crusade Pope Urban is calling for Christians to fight in the name of God. The reason being that in the Middle East the Turks and Arabs were persecuting the Christians. The invaders killed and captured the Christians, and destroyed the churches. The Call for the Crusade was a result of a request sent by Emperor Alexios I Komnenos to Pope Urban in 1095. The Emperor asked of the Pope for aid against further invasions. In return...

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Dark Ages

After the fall of Rome, there was a mini ice age, which caused many health, food, and water problems. The Great Schism caused political and economic problems in Rome; between France and Rome they could not pick a Pope. At a period of time during The Great Schism there were three different Popes, creating major controversy between countries. The Bubonic Plague swept through Europe killing about a hundred million people. Peasant revolt came into action because of King Richards II’s law about wages. No...

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