The Effects of Exercise in the Elderly

Topics: Gerontology, Old age, Middle age Pages: 11 (3599 words) Published: October 18, 2008
Running head: EXERCISE AND THE ELDERLY

The Effects of Exercise in the Elderly

Table of Contents
Abstract ……………………………………………………………………… 4 Prescribing Guidelines for Fitness……………………………………………. 5 Little Exercise – Prevention………………………………………………….. 6 Exercise and Self Esteem …………………………………………………….. 8 New Ideas for Exercise……………………………………………………….. 9 Balance and Exercise ………………………………………………………… 10 Water and Exercise………………………………………………………….... 11 Exercise and Osteoarthritis ………………………………………………….. 12 Exercise and Dementia…..……………………………………………………. 13 Conclusion ……………………………………………………………………. 14 References ……………………………………………………………………..16

Abstract

As the baby-boomers continue to age, associated incident of disease and premature death is increasing. The benefit of exercise in seniors is being studied to see if it will impact these processes and its impact on obesity and fragility. It is well documented that functional dependence and disability increases with age, but what if any will the role of fitness play in impacting these. The impact of this decline in both skeletal muscle mass and strength is well noted and are considered major contributing factors to the loss of functional mobility and independence in many older adults This paper will focus on the strengths and benefits of physical activity among the older population and the impact it can have on the reduction of physical decline in the aging.

The Effects of Exercise in the Elderly
As time moves on so do the risk of increased injury in the elderly, let’s face it the population boon for the baby boomers is here. It is well documented that our bodies’ ability to fight aging will be dependant on a combination of many things. Activity and fitness have been shown to increase disease prevention and provide increased health promotion. It’s not just about treating the chronic diseases such as obesity, bone loss, but changing the very lifestyle the elderly are facing. Prescribing Guidelines for Fitness

Functional independence can be impacted by the medications you take, and as you age this dependence can exponentially increase. Many times exercise has been the prescription for decreasing medications, look at obesity and diabetics. With weight loss type II diabetics are able to wean off medications controlling their lives regaining independence, and increasing their general daily activity. “Evidence suggests that regular physical activity provides substantial health benefits, reducing the risk of many chronic conditions, reduced medical costs and increased overall age” (McDermott, A. & Memitz, H., 2006, p. 1). It is important for the physicians to understand the benefits of an exercise program and work with their patients to eliminate barriers preventing exercise.

“Flexibility is the ability to move a joint through a complete range of motion, by increasing flexibility you facilitate movement and can prevent injury throughout life” (McDermott, A. & Memitz, H., 2006, p. 2). In order to optimize a successful exercise program it must be multi-focused, measurable and patient-appropriate, but more importantly it must be tailored to meet the needs of the person. These decisions must be a combined decision of both the qualified physician and the patient in order to improve compliance and improve the patient’s satisfaction. Of course no exercise program should begin without medical clearance and a risk factor assessment by the fitness club. Continued support will be important and physicians should use the “A” model to support success: “assess, advise, agree, assist and arrange” (McDermott, A. & Memitz, H., 2006, p. 3). It is important if available to involve the patient’s support system as this historically has proved to be most effective in increasing compliance. Goal setting must be an integral part of the program set forth in order to have continued compliance, and it is important to celebrate milestones as they occur. “Home based exercise can be...

References: Cromwell, R., Meyers, P.M.., Meyers, P.E., Newton, P. (2007). Tae Kwon Do: An Effective Exercise for Improving Balance and Walking Ability in Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A Biological sciences and medical sciences, 62A(6), 641-6. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
Ferrucci, L., Simonsick, E. (2006). A Little Exercise. The Journals of Gerontology: Series A Biological sciences and medical sciences, 61A(11), 1154-6. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Psychology Journals database.
Godbey, G., Burnett-Wolle, S, Chow, H. (2007). New Ideas for Promoting Physical Activity Among Middle Age and Older Adults. Journal of Physical Education, Recreation & Dance, 78(7), 22-26. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
Hughes, S., Seymour, R., Campbell, R., Huber,G., et al. (2006). Long-Term Impact of Fit and Strong! on Older Adults With Osteoarthritis. The Gerontologist, 46(6), 801-14. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
Larson, E., Wang, L., Bowen, J., McCormick, W., et al. (2006). Exercise Is Associated with Reduced Risk for Incident Dementia among Persons 65 Years of Age and Older. Annals of Internal Medicine, 144(2), 73-81. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
Lauro, A. (2007, May). Jack LaLanne endorses chiropractic Stay Fit Seniors program. Chiropractic Journal, 21(8), 12,27. Retrieved October 27, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database. (Document ID: 1328839971).
McAuley,E., Elavsky,S., Motl, R., Konopack, J, et al. (2005). Physical Activity, Self-Efficacy, and Self-Esteem: Longitudinal Relationships in Older Adults. The Journals of Gerontology: Series B Psychological sciences and social sciences, 60B(5), P268-75. Retrieved October 24 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
McDermott, A., Mernitz, H. (2006). Exercise and Older Patients: Prescribing Guidelines. American Family Physician, 74(3), 437-44. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
Tsourlou, T., Benik, A., Dipla, K., Zafeiridis, A., Kellis, S. (2006). THE EFFECTS OF A TWENTY-FOUR-WEEK AQUATIC TRAINING PROGRAM ON MUSCULAR STRENGTH PERFORMANCE IN HEALTHY ELDERLY WOMEN. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20(4), 811-8. Retrieved October 4, 2007, from ProQuest Nursing & Allied Health Source database.
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