(a) Explain the importance of strategic human resource management and the need for adopting both a medium and long- term perspectives in respect of HRM (AC1.1) Introduction
The human resources of an organization consist of all people who perform its activities. Human resource management (HRM) is concerned with the personnel policies and managerial practices and systems that influence the workforce. In broader terms, all decisions that affect the workforce of the organization concern the HRM function. The activities involved in HRM function are pervasive throughout the organization. Line managers, typically spend more than 50 per cent of their time for human resource activities such hiring, evaluating, disciplining, and scheduling employees. Human resource management specialists in the HRM department help organizations with all activities related to staffing and maintaining an effective workforce (Korsgaard,1995). Major HRM responsibilities include work design and job analysis, training and development, recruiting, compensation, team-building, performance management and appraisal, worker health and safety issues, as well as identifying or developing valid methods for selecting staff. HRM department provides the tools, data and processes that are used by line managers in their human resource management component of their job. The meaning of SHRM
Strategic Human Resource Management is an approach to making decisions on the intentions of the organization concerning people-essential components of the organization`s business strategy. It is about the relationship between HRM and Strategic management in the organization. Strategic HRM refers to the overall direction the organization wishes to pursue in achieving its objectives through people.(Sonnenfeld, 1994) Strategic HRM can be regarded as an approach to dealing with longer-term people issues as part of the strategic management thrust of the business. It covers macro-organisational concerns relating to structure and culture, organizational effectiveness and performance, matching resources to future business requirements, and the management of change(Podsakoff, 1990). According to Hendry and Pettigrew (1986), strategic Human resource Management has four meanings * The use of planning
* A coherent approach to the design and management of personnel systems based on an employment policy and manpower strategy and often underpinned by a philosophy. Matching HRM activities and policies Seeing the people of the organization as a strategic resource for the achievement of competitive advantage. (Podsakoff ,1990). Importance of strategic human resource management
Nowadays, SHRM becomes very important for the organisations in the business world environment. SHRM it can help organisations determine the best use of HR to meet organisational goals and can facilitate the integration of HR policies and practices with each other and with the business strategy(Tyler, 1991).
The process by which a job vacancy is identified and potential employees are notified. * The nature of the recruitment process is regulated and subject to employment law. * Main forms of recruitment through advertising in newspapers, magazines, trade papers and internal vacancy lists. * Job description – outline of the role of the job holder * Person specification – outline of the skills and qualities required of the post holder * Applicants may demonstrate their suitability through application form, letter or curriculum vitae (Sapienza, 1995). * You may choose to advertise the open position in local newspapers, trade journals, radio and television. Advertising can range from a simple help wanted ad in the classifieds to an extensive multimedia campaign. Traditionally, local newspaper advertising has been the common method of recruitment, particularly for entry-level positions, as it is low cost and can generate a good number of applicants (Schweiger, 1995).
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