Linking Words and Developing Rythm

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Linking words and developing rhythm for greater fluency

TITLE: Unit 03 Linking

Introduction 3

Linking 4 Pronunciation in context 9

Types of linking 11

Rhythm 17

Thought groups and pausing 26

Contractions 31 When do I use contractions? 31

Why should I use contractions? 32

Voice work – consonants 34 What is a consonant? 34

Voiced and unvoiced consonants 34

Final consonant sounds 35

Final ‘s’ word endings 37

Check your progress 39

Summary 40

Suggested responses 41

Glossary 49

[pic]

Introduction

Having worked through Sections 1 and 2 of the module, you will now know there are many things to think about in English pronunciation. These include pronouncing individual sounds, pronouncing syllables, stressing the correct syllables in a word and stressing particular words in a sentence. In Section 2 we mainly concentrated on smaller parts of speech such as sounds, syllables and words.

What you’ll learn

In Section 3 you will learn about pronunciation by looking at larger chunks or parts of speech such as the sentence. This includes several important areas for effective English pronunciation including:

• linking

rhythm

• thought groups

• pausing

NOTE: The tracks have been linked to the audio files. Simply click on the words Track XX and you will be able to listen to the sound.

Linking

English words ‘run together’ so that a sentence often sounds like one long word. Joining the sounds at the end of one word to the beginning of the next word is a common practice in English. It is called linking. This makes English speech sound smooth and fluent. It is important because it helps you to understand other people more easily and other people will understand you more easily.

Listen to the linking in the example below.

|[pic] |Track 45

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