English Intonation

Topics: Sentence, Question, Grammar Pages: 28 (10565 words) Published: February 10, 2012

|Introduction |3 | |1 Intonation |4 | |1.1 English intonation |4 | |1.2 Intonation of the sentence |6 | |1.3 Melodic of English |7 | |2 Intonation features of sentence in English and Russian |14 | |2.1 The main features of the sentence in Russian |14 | |2.2 Comparison analysis of sentence intonation in English and Russian based on material of oral speech |15 | |Conclusion |24 | |References |25 |


In any language, intonation is used for exterior design of the sentence. With the help of intonation our listeners understand whether the sentence narrative, question, request or ejaculation. For example, the sentence "It is warm today" may be the statement, questions and exclamations, depending on the intonation with which sentence was pronounced. Intonation also expresses our emotions: surprise, anger, joy, frustration, etc. Each language has its own special characteristic of his tone noticeably different from the intonation of other languages. In English, intonation is particularly important because there strongly expressed the analytical nature of the language. In the analytical language the relations between words are not expressed by the endings, like in the Russian language, but with the help of auxiliary words: prepositions, articles, auxiliary verbs, as well as through intonation. The constituent elements of intonation are:

- melodic voice, which is implemented by raising or lowering rates in the phrase (compare the pronunciation of narrative and interrogative sentences); −- rhythm of speech, alternation of stressed and unstressed syllables; −- rate, quickness or slowness of speech and pauses between speech segments (compare speech delayed, and it rapidly); −- timbre, sound coloration, giving to speech some emotionally expressive shades (tone "gay," "playful," "gloomy," etc.); −- phrase and logical stress, serve as a means of allocation of separate words in a sentence. Long sentences are divided into separate semantic groups that depend on the general meaning of the sentence, its grammatical structure and style of speech. The theme is relevant because intonation is made up of several components: 1) the fundamental frequency of voice (high altitude or the melodic component), 2) intensity (dynamic component), 3) duration or tempo (temporal, temporal component), 4) pause; 5) timbre. All components of intonation, except for a pause, always present in the utterance, because no element of it can be pronounced without any pitch of the voice, etc. Therefore, all components of intonation are working closely together. You can, however, firstly, to establish a certain hierarchy of them, and secondly, there is evidence of a certain division of functions between them. Hypothesis: the work on intonation plays an important role as a bridge in a single system of verbal activity. Through the...

References: 1. Антипова А. М. Система английской речевой интонации. – М., 1979.
2. Бондаренко Л. В. Фонетическое описание языка и фонетическое описание речи. – Л., 1981.
3. Зиндер Л. Р. Общая фонетика. – М., 1979.
4. Cоколова М. А. и др. Теоретическая фонетика английского языка. – М., 1991.
5. Трубецкой Н. С. Основы фонологии. – М., 1960.
6. Швейцер А. Д. Литературный английский язык в США и Англии. – М., 1971.
7. Dichushina O. J. English Phonetics. – M.-L., 1965.
8. Leontyeva S. F. A Theoretical Course of English Phonetics. – M., 2004.
9. O’Connor J. D., Arnold G. F. Intonation of Colloquial English. – L., 1961.
10. Selesnev V. Pronunciation Training for Advanced Learners. – M., 1979.
11. Vassilyev V. A. et al. English Phonetics. – M., 1980.
12. Антипова А. М., Шахбагова Д. А. Методическое пособие по курсу теоретической фонетики английского языка. – М., 1968.
13. Ахманова О. С. Фонология. – М., 1954.
14. Березин Ф. М. Итория лингвистических учений. – М., 1984.
15. Веренинова Ж. Б. Фонетическая база английского языка. – М., 1996.
16. Соколова М. А. и др. Практическая фонетика янглийского языка. – М., 1997.
17. Торсуев Г. П. Строение слога и аллофоны в английском языке. – М., 1975.
18. Bronstein A. J. The Pronunciation of American English. – Prentice Hall, 1960.
19. Jones D. An Outline of English Phonetics. – 9th ed. – Cambridge, 1960.
20. Shakhbagova D. A. Varieties of English Pronunciation. – M., 1982.
21. The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language, by Daniel Crystal, 1996.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on Intonation System of English in the Process of Historical Development
  • Intonation In English Essay
  • Intonation Patterns Essay
  • Discourse Intonation In ELT Essay
  • Intonation Research Paper
  • Essay on Intonation Patterns
  • Filipino English Research Paper
  • Australian English and How It Is Impacted by Society Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free