Vowels: Cardinal Vowel

Powerful Essays
Chapter 4: The Vowels of English. An Articulatory Classification. Acoustic Correlates. The Description and Distribution of English Monophthongs and Diphthongs 4.1. The Vowels. Criteria for Classification 4.2. The Cardinal Vowel Charts 4.3. English Vowels. The description and distribution of English monophthongs and diphthongs A. English simple vowels a. English front vowels b. English back vowels c. English central vowels B. English diphthongs a. Centring diphthongs b. Diphthongs to /w/ c. Diphthongs to / Ÿ/ C. English triphthongs

4.3. English Vowels. The description and distribution of Englishmonophthongs and diphthongs
Having established the vowel chart as a basic system of reference we can now proceed to a brief description of the vowel phonemes of English and of their distribution in a manner similar to that used in the case of consonants. A. The English simple (“pure”) vowels or monophthongs. a. English front vowels. There are four front vowel phonemes in English: [i:], [ı], [e] and [æ] 1. [i:] is a close (high), long, tense, unrounded vowel. The duration of [i:] can be compared to that of the Romanian vowel in plural nouns like genii and the sound is roughly similar to the French vowel of the French word précise, though not so close. The vowel is distributed in all three basic positions: word-initial: east; word-medial: dean and word-final: sea. As already mentioned, it is longer if it occurs in syllable final position and shorter if it is followed by a voiced sound, the shortest variants being those followed by a voiceless obstruent. If followed by a nasal stop it is nasalized: e.g. bean, beam. It is spelt e: economy, remark, or ee: eel, see, feet, or ea each, seal, plea. Other possible spellings are ie: fiend, ei: seizing, i: machine, or, exceptionally: ey: key; ay: quay [ki:], eo: people, oe: Oedipus or eau: Beauchamp [bi:±cm]

2

[2]. This is a more retracted front vowel, and its degree of openness is close to that of the cardinal half-close

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The Great Vowel Shift is a noted historical change in the English language. If French has been the greatest influence to produce modern English, the Great Vowel Shift has been the second greatest. Because of the Great Vowel Shift, all the long vowels of late old English were transformed into short vowels with different qualities. In the Great Vowel Shift, long vowels “moved up” in their place of articulation that changed their “quality.”…

    • 669 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The United States is one of the most diverse countries in both linguistic and cultural aspects. Increasing rates of Asian populations have been observed in the past decades. Many Asians live in Spanish-Cantonese speaking environments and learn English as a second language. To date, there is no study on the phonological process in Cantonese-Spanish bilinguals learning English as an L2. De Houwer (1995, as cited in Law and So, 2006) and Romaine (2001, as cited in Law and So, 2006) indicated that numerous studies on bilingual development in different language combinations have found, that bilingual and monolingual language development differ qualitatively and quantitatively.…

    • 997 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    All the Germanic languages of the past and present have common linguistic features; some of these features are shared by other groups in the IE family, others are specifically Germanic.…

    • 403 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    a. voiceless bilabial unaspirated stop [ ] b. low front vowel [ ] c. lateral liquid [ ] d. velar nasal [ ] e. voiced interdental fricative [ ] f. voiceless affricate [ ] g. palatal glide [ ] h. mid lax…

    • 762 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    The terminology in this article has been developed to precisely describe all the consonants in all the world's spoken languages. No known language distinguishes all of the places described here, so less precision is needed to distinguish the sounds of a particular…

    • 250 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Cox, F. M. (1996) An acoustic study of vowel variation in Australian English, Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Macquarie University.…

    • 2991 Words
    • 12 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Figure 1. The primary cardinal vowels (left) and the secondary cardinal vowels (right) (after Ashby and Maidment 2005: 78). 6. The classification of vowel type articulations: • high, mid-high, mid-low, low (or close, half-close, half-open, low) • front, central, back • spread, neutral, back • quality vs. quantity • short vs. long (inherent and relative length) • lax vs. tense (open and closed syllables) The English vowels – the vowel chart (Wells 2008: xxiii-xxv):…

    • 283 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Figure 5.6 of Tompkins et al, (2014) gives clear guidelines as to what sounds should be introduced to students at each year level. In the years K-1 students should be introduced to the common and uncommon consonant sounds as well as the five short vowel sounds (Tompkins et al, 2014). In year one the focus is on consonant blends, consonant diagraphs, long vowel sounds and common long vowel diagraphs (Tompkins et al, 2014). It is important to look at these more difficult sounds taught by experienced…

    • 1616 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    Vowels are likewise consistent in their pronunciation, unlike vowel sounds in English, which can be represented by many different combinations of vowels. So once an individual memorizes the sound each vowel makes, sounding out words is relatively easy.…

    • 523 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    — Five pairs of short vowels: /ʌ/, /ɑ/; /ɪ/, /ɪː/; /e/, /eː/; /o/, /oː/; /u/, /uː/.…

    • 2014 Words
    • 9 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    English Conversation

    • 5366 Words
    • 22 Pages

    sounds indicated by the long vowels are stretched and the sounds indicated by the short…

    • 5366 Words
    • 22 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    English Teacher

    • 1695 Words
    • 7 Pages

    Today we’ll discuss on Pronunciation. You know all the English alphabets are divided into to parts: consonant and Vowel. In this class we’re going to talk about Vowels.…

    • 1695 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    divoicing

    • 878 Words
    • 4 Pages

    Further for the characterization of devoicing of high vowels as phonological. This voicing instructions of high vowels in all devoicing environments, contrary to the restriction of overlap to high vowels between fricatives posited in Tsuchida (1997). Recall that in that work it was found that only between two voiceless fricatives were two distinct muscle activations and associated glottal spreadings observed; in all other environments, one muscle activation accompanied by one temporally shifted glottal spreading.…

    • 878 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    From "Rp" to "Estuary English"

    • 42128 Words
    • 169 Pages

    References: EUSTACE 1967: Eustace, S.S. 'Present Changes in English Pronunciation '. In Hála, Bohuslav, Milan Romportl & Prfemysl Janota (edd.). Proceedings of the Sixth International Congress of Phonetic Sciences. Prague: Academia, 1970: 303-306.…

    • 42128 Words
    • 169 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Having worked through Sections 1 and 2 of the module, you will now know there are many things to think about in English pronunciation. These include pronouncing individual sounds, pronouncing syllables, stressing the correct syllables in a word and stressing particular words in a sentence. In Section 2 we mainly concentrated on smaller parts of speech such as sounds, syllables and words.…

    • 6542 Words
    • 27 Pages
    Powerful Essays

Related Topics