Phonetics and Phonology.

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PHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY: ENG 221 {LECTURER: MRS FALEKE V.O}

200 LEVEL COURSE CONTENT

(i) Introducing Phonetics
a. What is Phonetics?
b. What is Phonology?
c. The Three Branches of Phonetics
d. Types of Phonology
e. Aspects of Phonology
f. Phonetics and Phonology any Relationship

(ii) The Organs of Speech and Human Speech Mechanism
a. The Organs of Speech
b. The Human Speech
c. The human Speech Mechanism
d. Description of the English Consonant
e. Description of the Vowel Sounds

(iii) Supra-segmental
a. The Syllable
b. The English Stress
c. Intonation
d. Rhythm and Rhyme

WHAT IS PHONOLOGY?
Phonology is the study of the sound system of a language; it concerns itself to the ways in which various languages organize or structure different sounds. These speech sounds are used to convey meaning, as sound system cannot be fully understood unless they are studied in a wider linguistics context.
A language learner therefore, for example, needs to master the introduction and perception of the sounds of a given language. The leaner must also learn when to use these sounds. For instance the leaner of English must not only learn the sound /k/ and /s/ which are transcribed between phonetic brackets, but must also learn that the /k/ of opaque changes to /s/ when the suffix is added to form the word opacity. The change of /k/ to /s/ is as much a part of the sound system of English as is the fact that English contains the sounds /k/, /g/, /s/, and /z/.
Different scholars have defined phonology thus: Comri (2007) says Phonology is concerned not with the physical properties of sounds but rather with how they function in a particular language. Yule (2002) views Phonology “as essentially the description of the systems and pattern of speech sounds in a language”. Tomori (2004) sees it “as the study of the significant units of sounds that are capable of distinguishing one word from another in a language”. Raoch (1997) further explains that “when we talk

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