Chesapeake Region Dbq

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Document-Based Question: New England and the Chesapeake Region

Alec Brevé
AP US History
September 13th, 2011
7th Period

The Chesapeake Region and New England both started as English colonies, but by the 1700’s they had already become two completely different societies. The so-called “Chesapeake Region” was born with the foundation of Jamestown in 1607, the first English colony in the New World. In the area of New England, it all started when the colony of Plymouth was founded in 1630. New England also included colonies that were founded in the following years like the Massachusetts Bay Colony (MBC), Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Maine, and Connecticut. The Chesapeake Region and New England grew into two distinct societies by the 1700’s
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In the Chesapeake Region, a “House of Burgesses” was established to create order. This was the name for a representational assembly that took control of the economic, military, and all other important aspects of the Chesapeake Region. They were essentially the entity that governed and controlled the region. The burgesses would vote for the region’s governor, but many times the governor himself controlled the burgesses and was therefore reelected. There was a lot of corruption within this system, which was one the main reasons Bacon’s rebellion occurred in 1676. Governor Berkeley’s inability to take over Indian land for his people and protect them from constant attacks was the last straw that broke the camel’s back (G). Bacon and a thousand of his followers exiled Virginia’s Governor Berkeley and justified the rebellion with treason and disloyalty (H). In addition, the family unit of the Chesapeake Region consisted of young, single men. Men of these characteristics were attracted by the idea of making a name for themselves and becoming rich, and therefore became the majority of people immigrating into the Chesapeake Region (C). On the other hand, in New England, the Puritan Church had people under their control. There was no boundary line between the State and the Church, which made New England almost a theocratic society. Ministers had no formal political power, but they exerted great influence on Church members, who were the only people who could vote or hold office. Family was an essential aspect of the Puritan Church, and consequently, the English brought entire families to America, and not only men

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