"Equity Theory Explain Employees Negative Reactions To Forced Rankings" Essays and Research Papers

Equity Theory Explain Employees Negative Reactions To Forced Rankings

against Each Other: Does this motivate Employees? Employee motivation is the level of energy, commitment, and creativity that a company's workers bring to their jobs. Motivation refers to the initiation, direction, intensity and persistence of human behavior. These case outlines and expresses the way companies evaluate their employees and how to compare their evaluation to others as well. According to the text, “one third of U.S corporations evaluate employees based on systems that pit them against...

Educational psychology, Evaluation, Force 1065  Words | 3  Pages

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Equity Theory

Equity Theory by John Stacey Adams Equity Theory attempts to explain relational satisfaction in terms of perceptions of fair/unfair distributions of resources within interpersonal relationships. Equity theory is considered as one of the justice theories; it was first developed in 1962 by John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioral psychologist, who asserted that employees seek to maintain equity between the inputs that they bring to a job and the outcomes that they receive from it against the...

Employee benefit, Employment, Equity theory 1421  Words | 5  Pages

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Equity Theory Research Paper

one of the more common theories of motivation, the Equity theory. In addition, this paper will compare and contrast the Equity theory with another popular theory of motivation: the Expectancy theory. Introduction Motivational theories receive a great deal of attention in organizational behavior research, primarily because of their purported ability to explain some of the complexities of employee performance and turnover in an organization. Most motivational theories try to integrate external...

Expectancy theory, Individual, Individualism 2161  Words | 7  Pages

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Equity Theory

Equity Theory of Motivation The equity theory of motivation is used to describe the relationship between the employees perception of how fairly is he being treated and how hard he is motivated to work Motivation is the activation of an energized goal-oriented behavior. Everyone takes up a job as they are motivated by some factor or the other. Some are motivated by the challenge they will face in carrying out their job, some are motivated by the level of fame they may earn, others and...

Employment, Equity theory, Hawthorne effect 1280  Words | 5  Pages

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Equity Theory

Equity theory The motivation theories highlighted in the case which are Equity theory and Vroom’s expectancy theory. For the Equity theory which is developed by J.Stacey Adams, proposes that employees perceive and assess a ratio of jobs inputs related to the outcomes they received for their performance to seek either equity or inequity in their situation and then corrects any inequity. The term of equity in the Equity theory is related to the concept of fairness, justice, and treated equally between...

Distributive justice, Expectancy theory, Justice 911  Words | 3  Pages

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Equity Theory

EQUITY THEORY • This process theory focuses on workers' perceptions of the fairness of their work outcomes and inputs. Specifically they strive to maintain ratios of their own rewards to contributions which are equal to others' ratios . EQUITY EQUATIONS • Equity – Outcomes (self) Inputs (self) = Outcomes (other) Inputs (other) •Underpayment Inequity Outcomes (self) Inputs (self) • Overpayment Inequity Outcomes (self) Inputs (self) < Outcomes (other) Inputs (other) > Outcomes...

Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, Expectancy theory, Game theory 461  Words | 3  Pages

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Equity Theory

"Equity is a subjective evaluation, not an objective one. Based on the comparison that individuals use, each individual is likely to develop different perceptions of equity." (Scholl, 2000) When individuals look at the equity model on the job scale, they compare their contributions and rewards to that of those around them (associates, coworkers, management, etc.). If the equation is balanced, the "equity"--as society puts it--is accomplished. If it is unbalanced, the inequity may cause individual...

Army, Equity theory, Military 921  Words | 3  Pages

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Organization behavior

opinion regarding forced ranking performance appraisals? Do they motivate employees? Explain. I think that forced ranking performance appraisals dose not motivate employees. It would create a scenario that people only focus on competing, backstabbing each other and protecting their own prospects instead of encouraging employees to focus on innovation and collaboration. This would cause the lack of cooperation between group members. Companies may inevitably using forced ranking, firing someone who...

Employment, Goal, Human resource management 1071  Words | 3  Pages

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Sawyers Michael 2

Other: Does This Motivate Employees Michael Sawyers Webster University Comparing Co-Workers Against Each Other: Does This Motivate Employees Question #1 What is your opinion regarding forced ranking performance appraisals? Do they motivate employees? Explain. In my opinion, from an equity theory standpoint, forced ranking performance appraisals would not work for most companies. In some instances this could be viewed and considered by the employees a tool for companies that is...

Expectancy theory, Experimental psychology, I-Change Model 828  Words | 5  Pages

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Case 5.1: Comparing Co- Worker Against Each Other: Dose This Motivate Employees?

5.1: Comparing Co- Worker against Each Other: Dose this Motivate Employees? 1- What's your opinion regarding forced ranking performance appraisal? Do they motivate employees? Explain By implementing a forced ranking procedure, organizations guarantee that managers will differentiate talent. While conventional performance appraisal systems may allow managers to inflate ratings and award Superior ratings to all, a forced ranking system ensures that distribution requirements will be met. Assuming...

Employment, Motivation, Non-parametric statistics 678  Words | 2  Pages

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Stacey Adams: Equity Theory on Job Motivation

adams' equity theory j stacey adams - equity theory on job motivation John Stacey Adams, a workplace and behavioural psychologist, put forward his Equity Theory on job motivation in 1963. There are similarities with Charles Handy's extension and interpretation of previous simpler theories of Maslow, Herzberg and other pioneers of workplace psychology, in that the theory acknowledges that subtle and variable factors affect each individual's assessment and perception of their relationship with...

Comparison, Equity theory, Input 1349  Words | 4  Pages

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Equity Theory of Motivation

EQUITY THEORY OF MOTIVATION Introduction: Robbins & Judge (2007, p.186) defines Motivation “as the processes that account for an individual’s intensity, direction, and persistence of effort towards attaining a goal”. Equity theory comes under process theory which gives the perception whether the individual is going to work hard or not depending upon the rewards and possible outcomes. This paper discusses and describes the equity theory of motivation with its implications to managers in the...

Canadian Human Rights Act, Comparison, Comparisons 1736  Words | 6  Pages

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Equity & Expectancy Theory of Motivation

Motivation Explain Adams equity theory Adams’ equity theory is a motivational model that attempts to explain the relationship between what an employee puts into their job (input), what they get out of it (output) and the fairness and justice exchanged between the two (Cosier & Dalton, 1983). Inputs include all factors that are perceived as necessary to obtain a return, such as effort, loyalty, hard work, commitment, skill, ability, flexibility, tolerance, determination, heart and soul, enthusiasm...

Equity theory, Input, Input/output 1561  Words | 5  Pages

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Discuss How a) Expectancy Theory and B) Equity Theory Can Explain Motivation at Work.

a) expectancy theory and b) equity theory can explain motivation at work. Motivation is the cognitive decision-making process through which goal-directed behavior is initiated, energized, directed, and maintained (Buchanan &amp; Huczynski, 2010, p. 267) There are two types of theories that attempt to explain motivation at work – process theories and content theories. Content theories of motivation focus on goals that motivate employees while process theories focus on how employees make choices...

Cognition, Explanation, Motivation 999  Words | 3  Pages

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Comparing Co-Workers Against Each Other: Does This Motivate Employees?

Case 5.1: Comparing co-workers against each other: Does this motivate employees? This case takes a critical look at using comparative methods to review and evaluate employees and exposes the impact of those methods on productivity and morale. "Forced Ranking" had occurred for many years at GE, instigated by the famed ex-CEO Jack Welch who had managers categorize their reports into three categories: the top 20 percent, the middle 70 percent, and the bottom 10 percent. This process has been shown...

Employment, Frederick Herzberg, Management 692  Words | 2  Pages

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Adams’ Equity Theory

Adams’ Equity Theory Balancing Employee Inputs and Outputs -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- If you pay "peanuts", you may get "monkeys". © iStockphoto/RedBarnStudio Adams' Equity Theory calls for a fair balance to be struck between an employee's inputs (hard work, skill level, tolerance, enthusiasm, and so on) and an employee's outputs (salary, benefits, intangibles such as recognition,and so on). According to the theory, finding this...

Abraham Maslow, Employment, Equity theory 400  Words | 3  Pages

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Theories of Motivation

Theories of Motivation Equity theory The Equity theory has its bases on the principle of balance. Everything in life needs to have a balance in order to achieve stability. Everything in excess or in dearth is bad. This principle is applied on people’s behavior in organizations because; their level of motivation is correlated to their perception of equity, justice and fairness in the organization. The more equity an employee’s perceived the more motivated they would be to achieve goals and vice...

Edwin A. Locke, Fundamental human needs, Goal 813  Words | 4  Pages

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Explain the process of motivation?

work motivation theories are categorized into two they are content theory i.e. what motivates us? And process theories i.e. how we become motivated. I will begin first by explaining the process theories and then reviewing some traditional process theories of work motivation. Process Theories Process theories attempt to explain the thought processes concerning the 'why' and 'how' people choose one action over another and get motivated. Following are some of the process theories of work motivation...

Attribution theory, Educational psychology, Expectancy theory 1225  Words | 5  Pages

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Motivation Behavior Theory

motivation theory is concerned with the processes that describe why and how human behavior is activated and directed. They try to explain why people make the decisions that they do and how they motivate themselves and others to improve behavior. There are two different categories of motivation theories such as content theories, and process theories. Even though there are different motivation theories, none of them are universally accepted and each being unique. Overview of Motivational Theories Motivation...

Expectancy theory, Human behavior, Hygiene factors 1057  Words | 4  Pages

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Lehman Brothers: Decline of the Equity Research Department Case Study

discussed in the Harvard case study, “Lehman Brothers: Decline of the Equity Research Department” is the slow demise of Lehman’s Equity Research Department. The department’s painful downfall begins when the equity’s division head Jack Rivkin, a leader who was loved and well-respected among his team, was replaced by Paul William, a fixed-income manager who was unfamiliar and unqualified to deal with equities. To some employees in the department, William’s appointment was a “slap in the face.” Once...

American Express, Layoff, Leadership 758  Words | 3  Pages

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Motivational Theories

Applying Motivational Theories to Compensation Abstract An organization’s success is built and defined on its strategy and goal for the company. In order for an organization to achieve its goal, it must be shared with the whole organization. This includes the employees as well as stockholders feeling connected to the company and motivated to reach these goals usually by some type of compensation. Keywords: strategy, employees, compensation, motivation ...

Abraham Maslow, Fundamental human needs, Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1692  Words | 9  Pages

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Equity Theory of Motivation

Equity Theory of Motivation As the cliche goes, no man is an island. Everything man does is influenced by other men and his environment. Be it in school or at work, the reason why people persevere lies on the desire to achieve a certain goal. Hence, motivation is essential to keep the drive of doing things passionately and effectively. However, the enthusiasm to sustain the dream and keep the motivation alive can be tampered by life’s uncertainties. Given the unique characteristics that each student...

Employment, Government, Input 2485  Words | 7  Pages

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Theories of Relationships: Equity Theory and Social Exchange Theory

In this essay I aim to describe two theories (Equity Theory and Social exchange theory) of relationships and to consider how they might influence the therapist engaged in couples counseling, noting their similarities and differences. Equity theory is a theory about fairness. Its application to close relationships has been primarily advanced by Elaine Hatfield (previously known as Elaine Walster) and her colleagues in the book Equity: Theory and Research (Walster, Walster, and Berscheid 1978). The...

Exchange, Harold Kelley, Interpersonal relationship 2061  Words | 6  Pages

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Equity theory

1. INTRODUCTION Equity is defined by a complex mathematical formula, but in practice it is described as relationship‘s fairness between people in one society. Equity theory is social justice theory, designed by Adams in 1963. It claims that individuals review the inputs and outcomes of themselves and others, and in situations of inequity, experience greater cognitive dissonance than individuals in equitable situations. This kind of equity is perceived as social justice in society (or company...

Cognition, Communication theory, Game theory 2062  Words | 8  Pages

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Motivation Theory and Practice

MOTIVATION THEORY AND PRACTICE 1.0 Equity Theory The equity theory was proposed initially by Adams (1963). The focus of the theory has been to understand the motivational aspect of employees. The equity theory is based on the distributive justice principles promulgated to take care of social justice by balancing the economical disadvantages that existed in that period. It focuses on the need for fairness and justice as related to several human behaviors especially used by administrators...

Expectancy theory, Game theory, Human behavior 1959  Words | 6  Pages

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How Might Theories of Leadership and Group Identity Help to Explain the Enron Collapse?

How might theories of leadership and group identity help to explain the Enron collapse? Leadership means to motivate, influence and enable others to helps contribute towards the sucess of the organisation. The leadership of a company is one of the biggest reasons why a company will either fail or suceed. The leadership is the reason why Enron as a company failed, the leaders were inside trading with the companies stock shares for almost 10 years, which caused them to lose over 11 billion dollars...

Andrew Fastow, Edgar Schein, Enron 1046  Words | 3  Pages

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Why Is It Important to Motivate Employees in Organisations. Draw Examples from Two Major Theories of Examonations

Introduction Motivation of employees at work is a subject widely discussed by human resources practioners. A plethora of potential benefits and importance of motivation in an organisation have been laid out and theories have often been used to vividly explain motivation. As such it is the aim of this essay to explain why it is important to motivate employees in an organisation with reference to Maslow’s Hierarchy of needs and McGregor’s theory X and Y of motivation. Definition of terms Motivation...

Abraham Maslow, Fundamental human needs, Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1424  Words | 5  Pages

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Attribution Theory

 Attribution Theory of Leadership Attribution theory was a psychological theory first proposed by Fritz Heider in 1958 and extended by Harold Kelley in 1967. Terence R. Mitchell first introduced attribution theory as a leadership theory in 1979(Martinko, 1995). This theory says that we observe the behavior of others and then attribute cause on it. It can be used in two sides of the leadership area. First, it can be used in attribute leadership qualities. Which is that followers’ judgment...

Charismatic authority, Fiedler contingency model, Leadership 1066  Words | 4  Pages

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Reaction Paper

Reaction paper 2 Agency Theory Course: Foundations of Strategy and Organization (STMG555-13A) Student Name: Nguyen Hoang Quan University of Waikato ID Number: 1206964 Summary of Agency Theory The theory divides firms and other profit-oriented organizations into two subdivisions, namely principal and agent. Principal represents shareholders whilst agent characterizes managers, executives or other employees among a company. Basically, a principal delegates work to an agent with only one...

Contract, Decision making, Decision theory 858  Words | 3  Pages

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Employee Motivational Theories and Concepts

Employee Motivation Theories and Concepts XXXX for Professor XXXX WRT 312 (Critical Analysis &amp; Research Writing) Employee motivation theories and concepts Numerous theories on the subject of employee motivation have been developed and published for the better part of this century. While early employers thought of their workers as just another input into the production of goods and services (Lindner, 1998), employees were becoming increasingly dissatisfied with working conditions and...

Abraham Maslow, Expectancy theory, Hawthorne effect 1764  Words | 6  Pages

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Motivating Employees

While working as a manager in an organization, his job is to make sure that the employees are doing their jobs and they are doing it in the most productive way. But employees are not machines that we could just program their task in their brain and they will do it automatically, they require motivation to actually do their job properly. This is easier said then done, to understand the ways of motivating people we first need to understand human nature, which is the fundamental nature and substance...

Abraham Maslow, Employment, Frederick Herzberg 2552  Words | 7  Pages

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Forced Ranking

 Would you recommend that an employer use a forced distribution approach to performance appraisals? I would recommend a forced distribution list to organizations that are large in size and are looking to create a process oriented approach. About 20% of Fortune 1,000 companies and growing are using this approach. “Some say forced ranking is not only the best method, but an essential practice to turn a struggling company into a market-dominating one.” (Bates, 2003) This approach is the best...

Management, Music, Organizational studies and human resource management 587  Words | 2  Pages

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Equity Theory Motivation in the Supermarket Workplace

In many cases at my job (supermarket) many employees are not rewarded for there hard work nor have motivation for staying. Full-time employment is no longer, or rarely an option, and the part-time workers receive no more then twenty cent raises twice a year. In many cases there are employees that don't work nearly as hard as others and get paid the same and in a majority of the cases get paid more for a half days work. Therefore making other employees either quit or having them pursue other employment...

Employment, Game theory 828  Words | 3  Pages

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Motivating Employees

Motivating Employees Motivation is defined as the reasons one has for acting or behaving in a particular way. Motivation is one of the most important factors in employee performance and in keeping a business afloat. Workers with hourly wages are motivated to work more hours because working more hours means more money in their pocket. Motivation is an abstract concept, one can not see motivation in another person, only the results of it. Why is motivation important? Well there would be no reason...

Employment, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation 2858  Words | 7  Pages

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Motivation theories can be classified broadly into two different perspectives: Content and Process theories. Content Theories deal with “what” motivates people and it is concerned with individual needs and goals. Maslow, Alderfer, Herzberg and McCelland studied motivation from a “content” perspective. Process Theories deal with the “process” of motivation and is concerned with “how” motivation occurs. Vroom, Porter & Lawler, Adams and Locke studied motivation from a “process” perspective. 1. Content...

Abraham Maslow, Expectancy theory, Fundamental human needs 1835  Words | 7  Pages

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Key Indicators or Factors in the Motivation of Employees

AUTHORITY BY DOGBEY K. GERSHON ( AC/09/WDS/1064) Abstract The study examined the ranked importance of motivational factors of employees at The Ghana Ports &amp; Harbours Authority Human Resource Department,Research and Public Relation Department. The hand-delivered descriptive survey addressed ten motivating factors in the context of employee motivation theory. Findings suggest interesting work and good pay are key to higher employee motivation. Carefully designed reward systems that include...

Employment, Expectancy theory, Hawthorne effect 889  Words | 4  Pages

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With Refernce to Robert Merton Strain Theory Explain Deviance

preserve. However in the preservation of this breadth there exists deviance in the society. In light of this comment it is the purpose of this write up to explain the occurrence of deviance in society using the strain theory. The writer will define the terms values, deviance and the strain theory and make illustrations how the theory explains the occurrence of deviance giving relevant examples in different societies. Values from a sociological perspective refer to the views that are shared by society...

Criminology, Culture, Deviance 2160  Words | 6  Pages

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Critically discuss the concept of the psychological contract. Explain why an understanding of the concept is argued to be important in the effective management of human resources.

 HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT Human Resource Management Question 5 Critically discuss the concept of the psychological contract. Explain why an understanding of the concept is argued to be important in the effective management of human resources. It would seem that with evidence of trends facing towards globalization, downsizing and the restructuring of organizations Psychological Contracts are now playing a more vital part in modern and contemporary...

Breach of contract, Contract, Employment 2250  Words | 7  Pages

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Structural Theory

Structural functionalism concentrates on the positive and negative functions of social structures. Societal functionalism is a particular type of structural functionalism that aims to explain the role of social structures and institutions in society, the relationship between these structures, and the manner in which these structures constrain the actions of individuals. According to structural functionalists, individuals have little to no control over the ways in which particular structures operate...

Attachment theory, John Bowlby, Mobile phone 848  Words | 3  Pages

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Motivation Theory

Motivation Theory Introduction In this competitive market it is easy to replicate products, but cannot replicate motivated employees. The important factor to achieve success in the business is that the manager should have the ability to understand and motivate their employees. Since every individual employee is different from others so it can be challenging to understand each employee’s need and to apply the right motivational theory. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Abraham Maslow’s theory is focused...

Abraham Maslow, Employment, Fundamental human needs 2303  Words | 7  Pages

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Choose and Explain Your Theory and Theorist

CHOOSE AND EXPLAIN YOUR THEORIST AND THEORY 1 Choose and Explain Your Theorist and Theory Heather Jones Rasmussen College This essay is being submitted on October 25, 2014, for Tosca Grimm’s EC100 Foundations of Child Development class. CHOOSE AND EXPLAIN YOUR THEORIST AND THEORY 2 Choose and Explain Your Theorist...

Albert Bandura, Developmental psychology, Observational learning 530  Words | 4  Pages

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The Equity Theory of Motivation

The Equity Theory of Motivation What is it? It is the theory that goes forward and tries to explain the relational satisfaction in terms of understanding of the fair distribution of the resources with the various interpersonal skills. Also known as the justice theories, the theory was found by John Stacey Adams, who maintained his pool of thought where employees who were searching for the maintenance of equity between two inputs that bring the jobs and the regular results that they will be...

Employment, Equity theory, Input 521  Words | 2  Pages

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Equity In accounting and finance, equity is the residual value or interest of the most junior class of investors in assets, after all liabilities are paid; if liability exceeds assets, negative equity exists. In an accounting context, shareholders' equity (or stockholders' equity, shareholders' funds, shareholders' capital or similar terms) represents the remaining interest in the assets of a company, spread among individual shareholders of common or preferred stock; a negative shareholders' equity...

Asset, Balance sheet, Equity 1597  Words | 3  Pages

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Management and Enron Employees

(Jickling, 2002). The organizational behavior theory that will be discussed will be about the systems theory and contingency theory. Both of these theories explain why a company like Enron failed. Also, the unethical contribution made by management and leaders of the company played a huge part in the company’s collapse. Discussion For instance, the organizational behavior theory that Enron should have followed was the systems theory. “ Systematic explanations look for causes...

Business ethics, Enron, Enron scandal 1218  Words | 4  Pages

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Motivating Employees

BUS 520 Week 4, Chapter 6: Motivating Employees Slide # Slide Title/ Topic Slide text/Narration 1 Introduction Welcome to Leadership and Organizational Behavior. In this lesson, we will discuss Motivating Employees. Please go to the next slide. 2 Objectives Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to: Identify the key factors affecting individual motivation and explain the application of a variety of motivational theories and job design considerations. Please go to the next...

Abraham Maslow, Fundamental human needs, Job satisfaction 2139  Words | 7  Pages

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The Expectancy Theory Model of Motivation

Expectancy Theory of Motivation One process model of motivation, expectancy theory, will be discussed and applied in the context of compensation because it is the most useful (or practical) in understanding the relationship between compensation, rewards, and motivation. This discussion has been part of the book up to the 6th edition, but removed because some reviewers considered it as a repetition of material covered in OB courses. We offer it here as a supplement to show how Expectancy Theory applies...

Employment, Human resource management, Human resources 1789  Words | 4  Pages

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Ob-1. How Can Equity Theory Explain the Motivation of Employees Working at Xandria?

ob 1. How can equity theory explain the motivation of employees working at Xandria? In case study, Xandria Pharmaceuticals is a Chinese researcher and manufacturer of pharmaceutical products in HK. Their goal is to produce the highest quality products with the minimum negative impact on the environment, which is an inspiration to their 150 employees. While some mission statements are meaningless general statements, Xandria’s “green” philosophy guides all decisions. In following, this...

Distributive justice, Employment, Expectancy theory 1957  Words | 8  Pages

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Motivation Theories

is very difficult to judge because depending on our own individual values and beliefs, we are not all motivated by the same things to the same degree. Managers need to be aware that the things that motivate them may not necessarily motivate their employees. Consider the following discussion between two workers. It is clear that the things that they think are important in their jobs are quite different. Jim - I think that you are crazy for quitting your job at the factory. The work may have...

Abraham Maslow, Fundamental human needs, Maslow's hierarchy of needs 2441  Words | 7  Pages

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Analysis of Theories of Motivation

using various theories of motivation. I also extrapolate this to explain how I will motivate workers who report to me as a manager. Results: The theories I will be using to analyze my own motivation and to motivate my employees are * Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs * Theory X and Y * Herzberg’s Two Factor Theory * McClelland’s Trio of needs * Equity Theory * Expectancy Theory * Skinner’s Behavior Modification Theory Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs: Maslow’s Theory tells us that...

Abraham Maslow, Fundamental human needs, Maslow's hierarchy of needs 1104  Words | 4  Pages

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Motivation and Employees

psychological rewards to enhance job satisfaction, such as the opportunity to use one's ability, a sense of achievement, receiving appreciation and positive recognition or being treated in a considerate manner (Mullins, 2002:P490). Such methods ensure employees are constantly motivated while being engaged in activities that are enjoyable and rewarding. The function of manager is to complete a task on time. The task or project may be very simple or vastly complex and technically challenging. Where, a...

Abraham Maslow, Employment, Frederick Herzberg 1569  Words | 5  Pages

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A Description of the Motivation Theories

The motivation theories are different in their predictive strength. I would like to remember the most established to determine their relevance in explaining turnover, productivity, and other outcomes and assess the predictive power of each. 1. Need theories. Maslow’s hierarchy, McClelland’s needs, and the two factor theory focus on needs. None has found widespread support, although McClelland’s is the strongest, particularly regarding the relationship between achievement and productivity. In general...

Expectancy theory, Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Motivation 793  Words | 3  Pages

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Postmodern Theory

errors. This paper will explain ten errors and explain applying (CAS) will give better solutions to help managers in avoiding these pitfalls. The first error in management according to Johnson (2009) “failing to account for employees’ ability to learn safe machine operation methods by experimenting on their own with ways to speed up production and thereby reduce the effort they are required to us.” (p.80). This strategy becomes a problem as it puts limits on how employees can perform their job....

Complex adaptive system, Complex system, Complexity 1216  Words | 4  Pages

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PUTTING IT TOGETHER: Classifying Chemical Reactions Purpose: To observe and differentiate between the four different types of chemical reactions. Variables: The independent variables are the sodium chloride, sodium carbonate, magnesium,copper, copper (11) sulfate, silver nitrate, oxygen, lead(11) nitrate, sodium carbonate, copper (11) sulfate pentahydrate. The dependent variables are the chemical reactions that are being looked for. For example decomposition, synthesis, single displacement or double...

Chemical reaction, Chemical reactions, Chemistry 2386  Words | 7  Pages

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Explain Natural Law Theory

Explain Natural Law theory In this essay, I will discuss the theories behind Natural Law, as well as the qualities it is seen to possess. I will explain Aquinas’ concepts and theory on Natural Law, discussing eudaimonia and the doctrine of the double effect. Finally, I will reflect on some of the positive and negative aspects, in summarising Natural Law theory. It is important to highlight that Natural Laws differ from acts which occur naturally. There are many aspects to Natural Law, the first...

Ethics, Metaphysics, Morality 1143  Words | 3  Pages

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Equity Equity means social justice or fairness; it is an ethical concept, grounded in principles of distributive justice.39–[->0]42[->1] Equity in health can be—and has widely been—defined as the absence of socially unjust or unfair health disparities.1,[->2]6[->3] However, because social justice and fairness can be interpreted differently by different people in different settings, a definition is needed that can be operationalised based on measurable criteria. For the purposes of operationalisation...

Health, Health care, Health disparities 1838  Words | 7  Pages

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Human Communication Theories

paper, I will briefly describe, and compare and contrast two theories discussed in the book, A First Look at the Communication Theory by Em Griffin: Uncertainty Reduction Theory and the Expectancy Violations Theory. Furthermore, I will also include real-life situations that apply to these theories. Expectancy Violations Theory has its roots in Uncertainty Reduction research, therefore, there will be some similarities between these two theories. But before I compare the similarities, I will discuss the...

Communication, Communication theory, Expectancy violations theory 2383  Words | 6  Pages

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The Expectancy Theory of Motivation

The Expectancy Theory of Motivation The Expectancy Theory of Motivation Mr. Jeffrey Kiger Western Governor’s University LET 1 Task 1 Abstract The Expectancy Theory of Motivation was developed by Victor Vroom in 1964. The theory is not without its critics however, most of the evidence is supportive. The Expectancy Theory helps to explain the motivations of employees in both a positive and negative ways. A lot of people in the workforce feel this way about their jobs or careers...

Employment, Expectancy theory, Explanation 686  Words | 3  Pages

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Management Theories

Management Theories Chloe Tillman Grand Canyon University: LDR-620 June 26, 2013 Analysis of Management Theories There are many different management theories that have been developed throughout the years in order to aid individuals within management roles. Even though some of these theories were developed years ago they can still be relevant in today’s society. One of these theories is The Administrative Approach Theory. The purpose of this paper is to explore why this theory can be considered...

Goal, Henri Fayol, Management 684  Words | 3  Pages

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modernization theory

the modernization theory with the major arguments of the dependency theory of development. Which of these major paradigms of development is more compelling to you and why? Development is the increase in total value of goods and services produced. Development is also improvement in human welfare, quality of life, social wellbeing. There are certain theories and perspectives of development that is humanist perspective, dependency theory, economic perspective and modernity theory. We are only going...

Capitalism, Dependency theory, Developed country 1292  Words | 4  Pages

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How Best Can Managers Ensure Employees Are Motivated at Work?

managers ensure employees are motivated at work? There are two reasons why people do things, first because they want and willing to do, or second because they have no choice. If people do things when they have to, it is likely that they will do no more than necessary, and they will stop doing as soon as they can. Therefore, the term “motivation” is introduced, in order to make people want and willing to do things. This essay will be looking at how best managers can ensure their employees are motivated...

Abraham Maslow, Employment, Expectancy theory 1628  Words | 6  Pages

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