A phrase is a group of related words (within a sentence) without both subject and verb. For example, He is laughing at the joker. A phrase functions as a noun, verb, adverb, adjective or preposition in a sentence. The function of a phrase depends on its construction (words it contains). On the basis of their functions and constructions, phrases are divided into various types i.e. noun phrase, verb phrase, adverb phrase, adjective phrase, appositive phrase, infinite phrase, participle phrase and gerund phrase. 1-Noun Phrase
A noun phrase consists of a noun and other related words (usually modifiers and determiners) which modify the noun. It functions like a noun in a sentence.
A noun phrase consists of a noun as the head word and other words (usually modifiers and determiners) which come after or before the noun. The whole phrase works as a noun in a sentence. Noun Phrase = noun + modifiers (the modifiers can be after or before noun) Examples.
He is wearing a nice red shirt. (as noun/object)
She brought a glass full of water. (as noun/object)
The boy with brown hair is laughing. (as noun/subject)
A man on the roof was shouting. (as noun/subject)
A sentence can also contain more noun phrases.
For example. The girl with blue eyes bought a beautiful chair. 2-Prepositional phrase
A prepositional phrase consists of a preposition, object of preposition(noun or pronoun) and may also consist of other modifiers. e.g. on a table, near a wall, in the room, at the door, under a tree Other prepositions are: from, with, by, about, from, above/under, along, without, of, on/in, before/after, in/out, into
A prepositional phrase starts with a preposition and mostly ends with a noun or pronoun. Whatever prepositional phrase ends with is called object of preposition. A prepositional phrase functions as an adjective or adverb in a sentence. Examples.
A boy on the roof is singing a song. (As adjective)
The man in the room is our teacher. (As adjective)
She is shouting in a loud voice. (As adverb)
He always behaves in a good manner. (As adverb)
A verb phrase is a combination of main verb and its auxiliaries (helping verbs) in a sentence. Examples.
He is eating an apple.
She has finished her work.
You should study for the exam.
She has been sleeping for two hours.
According to generative grammar, a verb phrase can consist of main verb, its auxiliaries, its complements and other modifiers. Example. You should study for the exam.
An infinitive phrase consist of an infinitive(to + simple form of verb) and modifiers or other words associated to the infinitive. An infinitive phrase always functions as an adjective, adverb or a noun in a sentence.
He likes to read books. (As noun/object)
To earn money is a desire of everyone. (As noun/subject)
He shouted to inform people about fire. (As adverb, modifies verb shout) He made a plan to buy a car. (As adjective, modifies noun plan) The Parts of Speech
Top of Form
1. | Choose the correct answer to the following question: Which of the following words is an example of a preposition?|
| | (A)| into|
| | (B)| if|
| | (C)| many|
| | (D)| you|
2. | Choose the correct answer to the following question: Which of the following words is an example of a verb?|
| | (A)| tastes|
| | (B)| late|
| | (C)| not|
| | (D)| slowly|
3. | Choose the correct answer to the following question: Which of the following words is an example of an adjective?|
| | (A)| Ralph|
| | (B)| below|
| | (C)| above|
| | (D)| smart|
5. | Choose the answer that names the part of speech of the capitalized word in the following sentence: The usher CLOSED the door.|
| | (A)| noun|
| | (B)| pronoun|
| | (C)| verb|
| | (D)| adverb|