WHAT ARE PREPOSITIONS?
Prepositions are words that demonstrate association between a noun or pronoun and another word, that is, to show how they are joined with some other word in a sentence.
The book is on the bed.
The book is under the bed.
The various prepositions, on and under, used before the noun bed show the different positions of the book with regard to the bed. It shows the relation between the book and the bed. This is the function of Preposition.
CLASSIFICATION OF PREPOSITIONS
Types of Preposition
Location: at, by, in, on, near
Direction: past, through, from, off, out, to, up, down
Association: of, with, for, like
Relationships of Prepositions
(Prepositions show different relations when used in sentences)
in front of
on top of
at the back
in the middle of
at the end of
in the beginning of
by way of
by several hours
by one day
by three feet
by two hours
into a mess
in a deadlock
into a shooting incident
In the capacity of:
of the clock
in the room
at the store
in the room
on the street
get rid of
come in handy
In addition to…
As far as…
As a result of…
by means of…
On account of…
With regard to…
in place of…
In spite of…
As well as…
IV. Phantom Prepositions
A phantom preposition is the word to which is not a needed part of the sentence (and not shown anymore) as an indirect effect of the action of the transitive verb.
Angel sent (to) Aida a nice present.
Arnold referred (to) his wife some problems.
Prepositions are plain and simple. They are supposedly not difficult to understand, except when they are used as a part of an idiom. Here are the accepted idioms:
blame me for it
in search of
frightened at, by
“On” as prepositions is generally preferred to use before the names of the days of the week. a.
My family goes to church on Sundays.
Her wedding day is on Saturday.
Differentiate between speak with and speak to.
Speak with is when one speaks and another one is expected to
answer. Speak to is when one speaks and another listens.
The leader speaks with his associates to get their ideas. b.
When parents speak to their children, they submit.
Other verbs such as graduate and teach call for the prepositions to complete their meaning. a.
Abegail graduated from St. Benedict College.
Cynthia teaches in high school.
Avoid constructing a sentence that ends with a preposition. It is not however, grammatically incorrect to do so, but it is better avoided in formal usage. a.
This is the parcel in which the courier delivers the items.
MEANINGS OF DIFFERENT PREPOSITIONS
Meaning: of; concerning; in various...
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