WHAT ARE PREPOSITIONS?
Prepositions are words that demonstrate association between a noun or pronoun and another word, that is, to show how they are joined with some other word in a sentence. Examples:
1.The book is on the bed.
2.The book is under the bed.
The various prepositions, on and under, used before the noun bed show the different positions of the book with regard to the bed. It shows the relation between the book and the bed. This is the function of Preposition. CLASSIFICATION OF PREPOSITIONS
I.Types of Preposition
Location: at, by, in, on, near
Direction: past, through, from, off, out, to, up, down
Association: of, with, for, like
II.Relationships of Prepositions
(Prepositions show different relations when used in sentences) Place/Position:
nearin front of byunder
overon top of insidebeneath
into aroundat the back
byduringafterin the middle of
atuntilinat the end of
beforesincein the beginning of
tothroughby way of
likesimilar todifferent from
by several hoursby one day
by three feetby two hours
for safetyfor negligencefor slander
for economyfor interview
into a messin a deadlockin shamble
into a shooting incident
In the capacity of:as
of the clockon Tuesdayin the room
at the storein the roomon the street
get onput offput on
get rid ofgive upget up
come in handyput outgive up
In addition to…As to…
Ahead of...Contrary to…
Because of...Back of…
As far as…apart from…
As a result of…by means of…
On account of…according to…
With regard to…in place of…
In spite of…together with…
As well as…instead of…
IV. Phantom Prepositions
A phantom preposition is the word to which is not a needed part of the sentence (and not shown anymore) as an indirect effect of the action of the transitive verb. Examples:
1.Angel sent (to) Aida a nice present.
2.Arnold referred (to) his wife some problems.
1.Prepositions are plain and simple. They are supposedly not difficult to understand, except when they are used as a part of an idiom. Here are the accepted idioms:
unequal toblame me for itdie of
angry within search ofdifferent from
angry atdesirous ofsuperior to
free fromfrightened at, byvie with
identical withdisdain forcomply with
2.“On” as prepositions is generally preferred to use before the names of the days of the week. a.My family goes to church on Sundays.
b.Her wedding day is on Saturday.
3.Differentiate between speak with and speak to.
Speak with is when one speaks and another one is expected to answer. Speak to is when one speaks and another listens.
a.The leader speaks with his associates to get their ideas. b.When parents speak to their children, they submit.
4.Other verbs such as graduate and teach call for the prepositions to complete their meaning. a.Abegail graduated from St. Benedict College.
b.Cynthia teaches in high school.
5.Avoid constructing a sentence that ends with a preposition. It is not however, grammatically incorrect to do so, but it is better avoided in formal usage. a.This is the parcel in which the courier delivers the items. MEANINGS OF DIFFERENT PREPOSITIONS
Meaning: of; concerning; in various...