Workplace Discrimination an Ethical Dilemma, Its Causes and Solutions

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Table of contents
Workplace discrimination:3
Effect of workplace discrimination on business activities:3 Causes of workplace discrimination:5
Cultural discrimination:5
Gender discrimination:6
Solutions:6
Developing code of ethics policy:6
Affirmative action:7
Leadership style:7

Workplace discrimination:

Workplace discrimination is one of the major organizational dilemmas that have been affecting organizations business process in one way or other. There have been a lot of evidences that can be observed in different small, medium and large organizations which prove that workplace discrimination is a force that affect business activities as well as organizational environment. However, there are several aspects of this kind of discrimination including social, political, cultural and sexual discrimination. The most prominent aspects involve genderism and cultural discrimination at workplace.

Before elaborating how workplace discrimination dilemma affects core activities in organization, it is essential to define what workplace discrimination is and how it is considered an ethical dilemma. Workplace discrimination is basically a sort of difference that is done among people working within the organizations on the basis of gender, race, status and culture. (Gregory 2003) Though there might be lots of other aspects yet these are the most prominent that can be observed in global working aura. All large organizations have to deal with this issue adopting certain affirmative actions, strategic plan, leadership style and ethical programs and solutions.

Effect of workplace discrimination on business activities:

Different facets of workplace discrimination affect business activities in dissimilar way. For instance, cultural discrimination generates negative feelings among workers since they develop personal prejudice and ingroup bias. Similarly, genderism leaves negative impact on working performance of different workers and they feel uncomfortable while performing their job because male candidates are preferred over female employer. The example can be taken from the organizations of third world countries where preference is given to male forces instead of female in most of the organizations.

Since, this workplace discrimination affects the performance and skills of the individuals; it also affects the business process of the organization collectively. In this regard, management of the organization plays major role because only through adopting effective strategies and solutions, it can cope with impending ethical issues of human resource of the organization.

The positive effect of assuming ethical policies in order to cope with such sort of situations can be seen from the example of World Wide Funds in which, human resource has been handled using absolutism theory of ethics that can also be referred to a non-consequential theory of ethics. Basically absolutism indicates the concept of absolute right and wrong which have been kept under consideration while making ethical policy of this organization. (Hibberd 2005) For this purpose, in all regions of the world, indigenous people have been hired to make business processes smoother. In this way, the workplace discrimination has been handled with extreme accuracy.

Comparatively, most of the organizations in developed countries like Nike and Toyota used to adopt utilitarian approach in order to deal with workplace discrimination. They used to employ theory of relativism or consequential theory which enables these organizations to deal with such issues using pragmatic solutions. Followers of this theory convicts that end justifies means and if the results are good, the entire action is good. (Fletcher & Childress 1966) So, keeping this concept in view, the authoritative style of leadership is assumed without contemplating any moral of ethical aspect which, though prove profitable for the organization yet the internal environment becomes ample strict...
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