The chapter describes the research topic, background of the study, research problem, research objectives, research methodology, and importance of the study, limitations and chapter outlines.
1.1 Research topic
Training and development
Training and Development is a vital function of Human Resource Management. Training and Development act as the core factor which deals with maintaining and improving efficiency and effectiveness of the human resources at work in the organization. It is concerned with enhancing individual employee job performances as well as collective / group performances. Thus it will assist ultimately to improve organizational performances. Therefore it is clear that Training and Development plays a crucial role in the organization.
1.2 background of the study
This section will display important of the study and background of the study. Definition:
“Training and Development is a formal process of changing employee behavior and motivation in the way that will enhance employee job performance and then organizational overall performance. “ Thus T&D improves employee’s capabilities in a way that will make him perform well in current job. The skills, abilities and attitudes obtained from T&D make a better demand for the employee in the job market. In organizational environment there are service oriented organizations such as banks, hospitals, educational institutes and production oriented organizations such as garment factories, motor vehicle companies… etc. Usually both kinds of these organizations are using same methods to give sufficient training for their employees. And also most organizations are using common procedures in the training process. This may sometimes become a success while sometimes does not appear as a really efficient way to give a proper training to the employees in the organization. In this research, I have considered about clearly identifying the difference between the service oriented training methods and production oriented training methods. These two training methods differentiate from each other by the specific characteristics that are unique to each of these training methods. My research issue is arising within this environment. So in this project I’m expecting to find out the most suitable training methods based on the nature of the organization (service oriented or production oriented). And also I’m going to find out that is there any other modifications that should be used in traditional training process in selected organizations. 1.3 Research problem
The specific problem addressed in this study is to identify the most suitable training and development methods for production oriented and service oriented organizations. The employee training and development programs and necessary to improve employee’s morale as well as encourage the workers to perform their jobs in a proper way. So with that purpose organizations should choose most suitable training and development methods considering about their nature of functions. Some training methods may not suitable for service oriented organizations and some methods may not suitable for production oriented organizations. The research design is used for this study was the descriptive survey research design, to determinate proper training for both production and servile oriented organizations.
1.4 Objectives of the study
In this project I expect to achieve these objectives through a pre designed methodology. These objectives are aimed at finding a reasonable solution for the research issue. * Identifying the training methods using currently in service oriented organizations and production oriented organizations. * Identifying the relationship between training methods and performance improvement of the employees in the organization. * Identifying the necessary modifications for the training process and finding out most suitable training methods for service...
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