The Meaning of Organizational Behaviour

Topics: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Psychology, Abraham Maslow Pages: 8 (2570 words) Published: November 29, 2010

Organizational behaviour is concerned with the study of the behaviour of people within an organizational setting. It involves the understanding, prediction and control of human behaviour and the factors which influence the performance of people as members of an organization. Organizational behaviour dose not encompass the whole of management; it is more accurately described in narrower interpretation of providing a behavioural approach to management. All organizations face the basic challenge of mongering psychological contract. They want value from their employees, and they must give employees the right inducements. If psychological contracts are created, maintained, and managed effectively, the result is likely to be workers who are satisfied and motivated. On the other hand, poorly managed psychological contract may result in dissatisfied, unmotivated workers. That’s why it is important to study OB.

1. The individual:
Organizations are made up of their individual is a central feature of organizational behaviour and a necessary part of any behavioural situation, where acting in isolation or as part of a group, in response to expectations of the organisation, or as a result of influences of the external environment. Where the needs of the individuals and the demands of the organization are incompatible, this can result in frustration and conflict. It is the task of management to provide a working environment which permits the satisfaction of individual needs as well as the attainment of organizational goals. 2. The group:

Groups are exist in all organisations and are essential to their working and performance. The organization is comprised of groups of people and almost everyone in an organization will be member of one or more groups. Informal groups arise from the social needs of people within the organization. People in group influence each other in many ways, and groups may develop their own hierarchies and leaders. And this is one example of a formal group in a Company of Rashid Al Kiyumi Trading Est:

3. The organization:
Individuals and groups interact within the structure of the formal organization structure is created by management to establish relationships between individuals and groups, to provide order and system and to direct the effort of the organization into goal-seeking activities. It is through the formal structure (technology, style of leadership and systems management) that people carry out into their organizational activities in order to achieve aims and objectives. 4. The environment:

The organization functions as part of the border external environment of which it is part. The environment affects the organization through, for example, technological and scientific development, economic activity, social and cultural influences and governmental action. The effects of the operation of the organization within its environment are reflected in terms of management of opportunities and risks and the successful achievement of its aims and objectives. MANAGEMENT THEORIES:

Before talking about management theories, it is important to know the dose job satisfaction means. Job satisfaction means the degree of enjoyment that people drive from performing their jobs. If people enjoy their work, they are satisfied; if there are not enjoy their work, they are unsatisfied. In turn, satisfied employees are likely to have high moral. Morals reflect the degree to which they perceive their needs are been met by their jobs. Such as pay, benefits, co-workers, and promotion opportunities. The other thing is to know why it is important to study management theories. It is necessary to view the interrelationship between the development of theory, behaviour in organizations and management practices. Also, it is to understand principles underlining the process of management. The main approaches organization, structure and management are: Classical

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