1. The Implication of Management Theory to this days’ administrative function. The implication of management theory to this day’s administrative function is to improve quality of productivity, better working environment and decrease loss. The means may vary from era to another era but at the long run its goal is similar. Classical Era
It focuses on the efficiency of the work process. It has three schools of thinking: Scientific management, which looks at ‘the best way’ to do a job; Bureaucratic management, which focuses on rules and procedures, hierarchy and clear division of labor; and Administrative management, which emphasizes the flow of information within the organization. From Scientific management it thought today’s administrative function by:
• Developing new standard methods for doing each job
• Selecting, training, and developing workers instead of allowing them to choose their own tasks and train themselves
• Developing a spirit of cooperation between workers and management to ensure that work is carried out in accordance with devised procedures
• Dividing work between workers and management in almost equal shares, with each group taking over the work for which it is best fitted
In Bureaucratic management
• A well-defined hierarchy. All positions within a bureaucracy are structured in a way that permits the higher positions to supervise and control the lower positions. This chain of command facilitates the control and order throughout the organization.
• Division of labor and specialization. Responsibilities in an organization are specialized so that each employee has the necessary expertise to do a particular task.
• Rules and regulations. Standard operating procedures govern all organizational activities to provide certainty and facilitate coordination.
• Impersonal relationships between managers and employees. Managers should maintain an impersonal relationship with employees so that...
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