Tanzania Institute of Higher Education Institute for Education Development, Eastern Africa
STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS ON THE USE OF ICT IN LEARNING: A CASE STUDY OF A SECONDARY SCHOOL IN MOMBASA, KENYA.
ANG’ONDI ENOS KIFORO
A dissertation submitted to the Institute of Education Development, Eastern Africa in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Education (Teacher Education)
Dar es Salaam, Tanzania June, 2008.
THE AGA KHAN UNIVERSITY
Tanzania Institute for Higher Education Institute for Education Development
TO: THE INSTITUTE FOR EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT, EASTERN AFRICA
The members of the Dissertation Evaluation Committee appointed to examine the dissertation of Ang’ondi Enos Kiforo find it satisfactory and recommend that it be accepted.
_____________________________ (Dissertation Supervisor)
_____________________________ (Internal Examiner)
_____________________________ (External Examiner)
To my dear wife Colleta who bore the brunt of my absence during my study period, To my loving sons Robin, who missed me on his first day in Primary school and Allan who celebrated his first birthday in my absence. You were my strength when things got tough.
My brother and mentor Edward, I was not there to bury you, My late Dad, you taught me how to read.
ABSTRACT There is a general agreement by researchers that the introduction of ICT into learning should have a positive impact on the learning outcomes. This body of research goes further to indicate that learners are the key stakeholders in the implementation of ICTs in learning and that their approval is crucial. In order for the use of ICTs to be optimized studies into learners’ perceptions are therefore inevitable. The aim of this study therefore was to seek learners’ perceptions of the use of ICTs in learning and impact that these ICTs would have on their learning. In order to understand the learners’ perceptions deeply, a qualitative design was used in which 18 form three students from a high school in Mombasa, Kenya were interviewed using both focused group discussion and one-on-one interviews. Findings from this study reveal that learners have positive perceptions of the use of ICTs in learning. Learners were of the opinion that the use of ICTs would improve their learning and therefore realize better grades due to the motivation, and learnercentered approaches they thought ICTs would enhance. However, the learners also noted that there are some disadvantages that would be associated with the use of ICTs which include equipment failure and therefore high cost of maintenance, exposure to pornography and constant electricity interruptions. In conclusion, findings from this study indicate that evidence from learners’ through their perceptions of ICTs are a rich source of input for stakeholders in the process of implementing ICTs in learning.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS My very special thanks and gratitude first goes to my supervisor Brown Onguko whose patience, scholarly advice, and encouragement immensely contributed to the completion of this study. Through out the study period, I was able to see the timely and rich feedback; the never-ending healthy comments which helped to build me academically. Indeed, it is through Brown as my course leader in the ICT class of 2008 that I got the inspiration that has culminated into this study. Brown taught me time management as one of the virtues in scholarship and this has helped me to accomplish my work plans within schedule. My special thanks to my friends Simon Ngatia and Petronilla Gacheri, who despite their busy schedule, tirelessly took time to critic and edit this dissertation. Their eye for detail and calm approach kept me on my toes round the clock finally culminating into this dissertation. My thanks to the entire faculty of AKU, IED under the leadership of Dr. Gordon Macleod,...