Space: Pollution Is a Global Responsibility

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The statement says that pollution is a global responsibility, but first of all, in order to understand the statement and therefore argue the points of view, we must state what can be defined as Pollution. The Oxford dictionary states that to pollute an area is to… “…Destroy the purity or sanctity of; make foul or filthy; contaminate or defile…” There are many types of pollution, of which the most common is atmospheric pollution. Atmospheric pollution is generally caused by the emissions of substances from mainly industry but also at home. A major cause of atmospheric pollution is the release of gases such as Carbon Dioxide, Methane and Sulphur Dioxide from industry, transport and the burning of material. Industry is also the main cause of the pollution of rivers and oceans, where chemicals are dumped into water in the hope they will diffuse into the vast amounts of water, however, it doesn’t work this way and slowly the oceans are becoming saturated with our pollution. This pollution of water has caused Soil pollution, where most of the nutrients needed by the soil is gained through the absorption of our polluted water. Other pollutants that are not destructive to the physical environment but effect the human environment are noise, light and heat pollution. This pollution occurs everyday in the urbanized world where we leave on lights, leave windows open when trying to heat our homes and produce decibels of noise that annoys our closest neighbors. Even though we occasionally don’t consider this as polluting the area, we are “…destroying the purity and sanctity of…” our environment. In the opinion of many people, we are all responsible for the pollution that we cause and for preventing it. Many countries have a strict policy that enforces industry and residential areas to ensure that their own area is within the safety standards for a human environment. However, other countries are unable to enforce such a law and the inhabitants of that country are suffering. But these corporations also argue that they should only be responsible to the pollution that they cause, and that if there is not substantial evidence that they have caused the pollution, they should not be enforced to clear up, or prevent it. One of the major pollution problems that exist in the world today is Global Warming. Global Warming has occurred because atmospheric temperatures are increasing causing the polar ice caps to melt and sea level rises, but how is global warming actually caused? Global Warming is caused by an increase in the amount of Carbon Dioxide and other gases, including Methane, Nitrous Oxide and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), in the atmosphere. It has been for over a century that Carbon Dioxide helps stop the sun's infrared radiation from escaping into space and therefore functions to maintain the earths relatively warm temperature. Increasing levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere over the last century will lead to elevated global temperatures, which could result in coastal flooding and major climatic changes that will have serious implications for agricultural productivity as well as causing greater frequency of flooding and other natural phenomenon seen recently. Global warming is a process that ignores national boundaries so it is difficult to determine who is responsible for this rise in temperatures. We should presume that because global warming is caused by the release of greenhouse gases, and then everyone is responsible, in some way, for this build up of pollution in the atmosphere. Therefore, we all have the responsibility for reducing the amounts of toxic gases that we produce as a nation. But therefore, surely the government needs to enforce this somehow, and at what levels should the government say are deemed acceptable for the atmosphere. Industry and manufacturing are the major source of toxic emissions, so surely they should be paying for research and development of ways to slow global warming. But, again, how much...
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