Solar Panel Bangladesh

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RENEWABLE ENERGY DEVELOPMENT
IN
BANGLADESH
Islam Sharif
Chief Executive Officer
Infrastructure Development Company Limited (IDCOL)

Executive Exchange on the use and integration of Renewable Energy in the Power Sector

Madrid, Spain

October 19 – 23, 2009

COUNTRY PROFILE OF BANGLADESH
Geographical location

:Between 20°34̒ and 26°38’ North latitude, 88°01’ and 92°41’ East longitude

Area

:147 570 sq. km. [land: 130,168 sq km; water: 13,830 sq km]

Land type

:Consists mostly flat alluvial plain; hilly in southeast

Population

:161.915 Million (2008)

Population density

: 1101.9 per km2 (2007)

Population growth rate

:1.7% (2009 est.)

Sex ratio

: 1.04 male(s) to female (2008)

Infant mortality rate

: 52.5 deaths/1,000 live births

Life expectancy rate

:63.1 years

Ethnics groups

:Bengali -98%, Others (tribal groups, non-Bengali Muslims) -2%

Religions

:Muslim 83%, Hindu 16%, Other 1%

Languages

:Bengali(official), English

Literacy rate

:47.9% (male-54%, female: 41.4%) (2001 Census)

MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS OF BANGLADESH

Currency

:Taka (BDT) ; USD 1 = 70 BDT

Purchasing power

:$224 billion (2008 est.)

GDP per capita

:US$ 506.054 (2008)

GDP growth rate

:5.587 % (2008)

Industrial production growth rate

:6.9% (2008 est.)

Inflation rate

:8.357 % (2008)

Population below poverty line

:45% (2004 est.)

Unemployment rate

:2.5% (2008 est.)

Labor force

:70.86 million

Industries

:Cotton textiles, jute, garments, tea processing,
paper newsprint, cement, chemical fertilizer,
light engineering, sugar.

ENERGY INDICATORS OF BANGLADESH
Total energy consumption

:16.6 million tons oil equivalent

Per capita energy consumption

:171 kg oil equivalent

Energy related CO2 emission

:42.74 million metric tonnes

Per capital CO2 emission

:0.3 metric tonnes

Energy consumption

: Conventional energy (54%) , Biomass (46%)

Conventional energy consumption

: Natural gas: 1850-1900 Millions of standard
cubic feet
per day (April 2009)
Oil: 3.5 Metric Tonnes (2008)
Coal: 3.8 Metric Tonnes (2008)

Access to electricity

: 45%

Per capital electricity consumption

: 145 kilowatt per hour per annum

Present electricity demand

: 4200 ~ 5500 MW

Present Available Generation

:3800 ~ 4200 MW

Maximum Load Shedding in FY-09

:1270 MW (April 23, 09)

CASE FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY
To ensure energy security


70% of Bangladesh's total commercial energy is provided by natural gas and the remainder almost entirely provided by imported oil, hydropower and coal.



Present proven reserves of indigenous gas will be exhausted by 2030



Load shedding will be 1750 MW by 2014 and with gas supply uncertainty it may be more than 3000 MW.

To reduce negative environmental consequences


Climatic change will eventually raise the sea level . One meter sea level elevation will inundate more than 15% of Bangladesh, displacing more than 13 million people.

To supplement Government’s vision on:


Electricity for all by 2020.



Government has set a target to meet 5% of total power demand by 2015 and 10% of total power demand by 2020 from renewable energy sources.

To reach out to off-grid areas where grid electricity is not available

POTENTIAL OF RE IN BANGLADESH

Sources of RE

Solar
photovoltaic

Technological Potential
Solar energy can be generated in all parts of Bangladesh.
Daily average solar radiation varies between 4 to 6.5 kWh per square meter. Solar energy can be utilized in two ways: by converting it into heat (solar thermal) or electricity (solar PV).
Solar PV has been harnessed more in Bangladesh than Solar Thermal: SHSs (99.9%),others (solar pumping, solar lighting, solar mini-grid and others-0.1%). 400,000 SHSs have been installed under IDCOL Solar programme and about 50,000 have been installed by others i.e. LGED, REB, BPDB...
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