Climate Change and Health Effects

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PHILIPPINE COUNTRY REPORT ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND HEALTH EFFECTS

Presented By:

THEODORA CECILE G. MAGTURO MD. MHA
NCDPC-DOH

ENGR. JEAN ROSETE
EMB-DENR

MR. NINIO RELOX
PAGASA-DOST

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

COUNTRY DESCRIPTION

•7107 Islands •No land boundaries Taiwan- north Vietnam –west China – northwest Malaysia and Indonesia–South

3 major islands •Luzon •Visayas •Mindanao

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

Philippines ranks among the highest in SEA

Population of 85.2 m (2005) and annual

Growth rate

2.1% (2004)

Rural

52%

Urban 48%

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

HEALTH STATUS

Crude Birth Rate – 20.6/1000 popn. Crude Death Rate – 4.9/1000 popn. Infant Death Rate- 13.7/1000 LB Maternal Death Rate- 1.1/1000LB Fetal Death Rate- 5.4/1000 LB

LIFE EXPECTANCY FEMALE > MALES 72.5 67.2 Both Sexes : 72.5 years FERTILITY RATE 3.2 children born/woman

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

ECONOMIC AND INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
Manufacturing Sector processed foods electrical machinery petroleum products garments 23-24% GDP (2005) Industry 32% GDP (2005)

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

CLIMATE : tropical MARINE

•Dry season – December to May •Wet season – June –December Average Annual Tempt 27_C

Annual average - 20 TROPICAL CYCLONS

Observed Mean Annual Mean Temperature Anomalies in the Philippines Period: 1951-2006 (departures from the 1961-1990 normal values) 1.5 Anomaly 1 Temperature Anomaly (° C) 5 year running mean Linear (5 year running mean) 0.5

0

-0.5

y = 0.0109x - 0.2423

-1

-1.5 51 56 61 66 71 76 Year 81 86 91 96 01 06

An increase of 0.6104° from 1951-2006 C

Observed Mean Annual Maximum Temperature Anomalies in the Philippines Period: 1951-2006 (departures from the 1961-1990 normal values) 1.5 Anomaly 1 5 year running mean Linear (5 year running mean) 0.5

0.947774998

Temperature Anomaly (° C)

0

-0.5

y = 0.0062x - 0.1747
-1

-1.5 51 56 61 66 71 76 81 86 91 96 1 6

Year

An increase of 0.3472° from 1951-2006 C

Observed Mean Annual Minimum Temperature Anomalies in the Philippines Period: 1951-2006 (departures from the 1961-1990 normal values) 1.5

Anomaly
1

5 year running mean Linear (5 year running mean)

Temperature Anomaly (° C)

0.5

0

-0.5

y = 0.0159x - 0.3266

-1

-1.5 51 56 61 66 71 76 81 86 91 96 1 6

Year

An increase of 0.8904° from 1951-2006, increase in minimum temperatures C almost 3 times increase in maximum temperatures

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS

FLOODS

TYPHOONS

Flash floods often occur in Mountainous areas
VOLCANOES

20 typhoons cross the country Annually from July to December.

STORM SURGES

200 volcanoes 17- active 5 erupted in the last 25 years Kanlaon, Bulusan, Mayon, Pinatubo

Often accompany typhoons and cause severe damage to coastal areas

TSUNAMIS

EARTHQUAKES

Affect the country’s coastal areas upto 4 mtrs above sea level. Coastal areas of southwest Mindanao are most vulnerable DROUGHTS

Geologic fault line At least 5 quakes daily, most are imperceptible. 1990 was strongest

El Nino in 1982, Oct-Mar 1989-90, Oct. to May 1993-94

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE IN THE ENVIRONMENT
1. Natural Resources Degradation - rapid conversion of forest land to urban use 2. Deterioration of Urban Environment - air pollution - poor waste disposal - water pollution -toxic and hazardous waste disposal 3. Water Pollution - weak enforcement - domestic, agricultural and industrial 4. Inadequate institutional capacity

DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH

Republic of the Philippines

EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON HEALTH
VECTOR BORNE - Malaria Dengue WATER BORNE DISEASE- Cholera Diarrhea Typhoid...
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