*Note: This worksheet shows how to describe each contributing factor but does not include notes for linking to the question. ‘Leadership is key’
Honest & capable leaders are needed to maintain stability in the government and to make have moral courage and integrity to do what is right and not what is popular with the people. Good leadership and good governance do not occur by chance. Leadership is important as leaders must be incorruptible to win the confidence and respect of the people. This will convince the people that the government works in their interests and they will work in unison with the latter to bring harmony and progress to Singapore.
‘Anticipate change and stay relevant’
The decisions made by government must be forward-looking and pragmatic. NEWater is an example of how the government prepares for the future by ensuring self-sufficiency in water supply. Presently, Singapore depends on Malaysia for its water supplies. Its 2 water agreements with Malaysia will end in 2011 and 2061. However, Singapore has already alternative water supplies in order to be self-sufficient by producing NEWater and desalinated water. This means that there will be less dependence on external sources for its water resources. Another example is policy on car ownership and usage. Since road space is very limited in Singapore, traffic congestion will affect economic activities if car ownership is left unchecked. Thus, drivers have to pay a price for using the roads. One of the measures introduced since the 1970s was the Area Licencing Scheme (ALS). When the ALS first started in 1975, motorists were very unhappy about the increased costs of travelling into the Central Business District (CBD). As technology improved, more efficient ways of monitoring and regulating traffic flow have to be put in place. Thus, our government was responsive enough to do away with the ALS (which was cumbersome to use) and replace that with Electronic Road Pricing (ERP)...