Running head: EFFECTIVE APPROACHES IN LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT
Effective Approaches in Leadership and Management in Nursing Shortage and Nurse turn-over
Nursing Shortage and Nurse Turn Over: Effective Approaches in Leadership and Management. Nursing shortage and nurse’s turnover becomes the worsening problem in the health care industry in United States. Studies show that, by 2020, it may get more worsened approximately 30%, if no measures are taken to resolve the problem. In this essay the author is discussing the issues about the nurse turnover and nursing shortage. And also narrates about how the leaders and nurse managers resolve this issue effectively and different applicable theories of leadership and management. Each hospital has their own leaders and managers for the proper functioning of their facility. The future and success of the hospitals will be decided by the long term strategy implemented by its leaders and management. Lack of effective leadership in hospitals place the human life in danger. When the nursing shortage increases, the nursing turnover rates are also going to increase. The staff prefers to work in an environment, where they are most esteemed and where there is less stress in the work place. Hospitals are placing greater emphasis on retaining their current staff. Nurses need to see support from the leadership and management. They must know what would inspire their nurses to stick on to their facility. By providing good working environment with opportunities for professional growth and support on a personal level will help to retain their staff. Leadership Skills
A leader has to have a vision and a clear plan of what to do. He should have a good understanding on how achieve it. But a vision only is not sufficient enough. The leaders must share it with their subordinates and act upon it. They should have excellent interpersonal formal and informal relationship and must possess excellent skills in problem solving. Leaders also should function as mentors, advocates, coaches, or role models (Marquis and Huston, 2009). Management skills
Management is the act of getting people together to fulfill desired objectives and goals using the available resources effectively and efficiently. Management involves planning and organizing, leading and directing, staffing and controlling an organization for attaining the desired goal (Marquis and Huston, 2009). In 1900’s, the earliest known management theory is the scientific management theory. According to this theory, money is the motivating factor for a human, and there needs a segregation between managers and the workers. Nursing management theory is based on the aspect of patient care. In order to deliver high quality patient care, nurse managers should use proper theoretical model. Management theory guides the nurse manager in placing patients and staff, distributing work and establishing procedures. Nursing Management Theory began with Florence Nightingale (1820-1910). When adapting a theoretical model, the nurse manager must choose one that is compatible with the nursing environment (ER, Public/Community, OR, etc.). This will result a significant growth in the productivity of employees which ultimately leads to the growth and profitability of the facility. Proper use of management theory helps the managers to retain their staff and also it will help to reduce the nurse turn over. According to Barnum, there are two management models, that are subject matter and methodological. The methodological approach gives weight on logistics, dialectics, problem solving and operations. The subject matter approach emphasis is on organizational structure, managerial processes, and managerial perspective. Leadership Theories
Due to the participative decision-making era, The Management theorists started to focus their attention on various elements and styles of leadership. The initial known leadership theory was the great man theory. This theory states that leaders...
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