How to Write an Ethics Case

Only available on StudyMode
  • Download(s) : 552
  • Published : February 29, 2012
Open Document
Text Preview
Ethics Review
Short Answer Questions

Table of Contents
Hosmer, Chapter 13
Sexty, Chapter 13
Sexty, Chapter 26
Sexty, Chapter 39
Sexty, Chapter 412

Hosmer, Chapter 1

Identify and explain the individual determinants of moral standards * Personal goals
* Expectations of outcomes
* Things we want out of life and things we expect others want out of life too * Material possessions, lifestyle preferences, personal goods, social aims * Personal norms
* Expectations of behaviour
* Ways we expect to act and expect others to act
* Norms are expectations, morals are gauges
* Personal beliefs
* Expectations of thought
* Beliefs support norms, norms lead toward goals
* Personal values
* Priorities between goals, norms and beliefs
* Judge relative importance between what we want, how we want to act, and why we believe as we do * Individual determinants work in combination with religious/cultural traditions and economic/social situations * Religious beliefs and cultural norms

* Relative income and financial security
* Membership in different organizations whose members can influence goals, norms, beliefs and values -> ultimately moral standards How are personal moral standards formed? Answer with reference to the individual determinants of moral standards. * Beliefs support norms, norms lead toward goals, values rank these determinants * Beliefs, norms, goals and values are all influenced by external factors * Religious/cultural traditions

* Economic/social situations
Sexty, Chapter 1
Define and explain the significance of five factors influencing the integrity of Canadian business. * There’s actually 7
* Diversity of business interests
* Corporations differ in sizes, appropriateness is relative * Industries differ in competitiveness
* When wrongdoing is identified in particular corp or industry, do not generalize to all business * Foreign ownership and influence
* Nationalism restricted foreign business but have been reduced recently * Encourage foreign businesses to be “good corporate citizens” * Resource-based economy
* Canadian economy is resource-based
* Agriculture, energy production, mining, forestry, fishing, etc. * Small manufacturing sector relative to Germany, UK, US * Canada characterized by hundreds of single industry towns * Importance of trade

* Canada is a major trading economy
* Operates in a global economy
* New ethical challenges such as outsourcing
* Influence of Small Business
* 97% are small or medium businesses in Canada
* “Bigness” of the business system
* High degree of industrial concentration in economy
* Dominated by a few large firms
* Canadians concerned about power and influence of large corporations * Apply pressure on them to be more accountable to society * Government presence
* Extent of government controls or influences of business varies over time * Large role for 40 years after WWII, decline since then What are the doctrines of incorporation and how are they relevant to the Canadian business system? * Concession doctrine

* Incorporation was conferred by public act and could not be generated merely by private agreements among several persons to associate together for business purposes * Second doctrine: freedom of association

* Association of individuals coming together for some purpose fundamental to forming a corporation * Corporation becomes a “state within a state”
* Most highly developed and useful means of voluntary cooperation * Easy way for people to join and leave
* Right, not a privilege (like concession doctrine)
* Minimum special conditions and limitations imposed by gov * Modern corporations follow the second...
tracking img