Social Structure of Bangladesh

Topics: Bangladesh, Bengali language, Population Pages: 10 (2936 words) Published: November 18, 2012
Social Structure of Bangladesh

Bangladesh officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh is a country in South Asia. The name Bangladesh means "Country of Bengal" in the official Bengali language. The borders of present-day Bangladesh were established with the partition of Bengal and India in 1947, when the region became the eastern wing of the newly-formed Pakistan. However, it was separated from the western wing by 1,600 kilometres (1,000 mi) across India. Political and linguistic discrimination as well as economic neglect led to popular agitations against West Pakistan, which led to the war for independence in 1971 and the establishment of Bangladesh, with the help of India.

In 2000, Bangladesh was estimated to be one of the ten most highly populated countries with an estimated population of just under 130 million. Nowadays it scored above 140 Million. This makes the population density of about 875 people per sq km (2,267 people per sq mi) higher than other countries. Almost 90 percent of this population lives in the rural areas and 80 percent of our population are still depends on agriculture for a livelihood. With the successful lowering of total fertility and growth rates over the past few years, the crude birth rate stands at 22.4 per 1000 persons, with a total fertility rate 3.0 per women. The rural birth rate was estimated to be 36.3 birth per 1000 persons according to the 1985 census. On the other hand, the crude death rate stands at 8.2 per 1000 persons with the rural death rate found to be 12.9 per 1000 persons. Also the child death rate is 70 per 1000 live births in the rural areas. Most of the population is young with about 60 percent under the age of 25, with only about 3 percent over the age of 65 (life expectancy is 61 years).  Twenty percent of the population was deemed to be urban in 1998, making Bangladesh's population predominantly rural. 

|National symbols of Bangladesh |
|Anthem |Amar Shonar Bangla |
|Animal |Royal Bengal Tiger |
|Bird |Oriental Magpie Robin |
|Fish |Hilsa |
|Flower |White Water Lily |
|Fruit |Jackfruit |
|Sport |Kabadi |

Although urbanization is proceeding rapidly, agriculture employs about two-thirds of the labor force and accounts for 35 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP), remains Bangladesh's primary sector. Bangladesh has predominantly remained rural and agrarian. Since more than 50 percent of the population, which has increased, depends on agriculture for sustenance and employment; peasant economy is the main mode of production in Bangladesh. The village is the peasant’s world and to understand the village community one must study the peasantry and their relationship with the nation at large. Being a citizen of this country, one simply cannot ignore the prevalent poverty and unemployment in the rural sector and the consequential rise in the number of unemployment in the urban areas as well. Villages play a very important role for Bangladesh. Without these villages economic development of this country is not possible. This paper will clearly indicate the rural life, society and social class, culture, education, occupation, religion, economic and political institutions, beliefs, and the way of living in Bangladesh. Social Composition

The Main and Basic stratification between the rich landlords and the poor farmers. Here the class system is based on money and prestige, which is highly flexible. None has the fixed class here. All can have mobility to any direction if he or she manages to get that. Those who have enough Land they are more respected. Beside this Rural people of Bangladesh are stratified by other reasons related to their religion- Society in village is not strictly stratified; rather,...
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