Democracy and Political Culture in Bangladesh.

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Table of Index


Democracy: Concept2

Basic Principles or Requisites of Democracy:3

1. Liberty:3
2. Equality:3
3. Fraternity:3
4. The people as ultimate source of sovereignty:3
5. Fundamental rights to the people:4
6. Independence of Judiciary:4
7. The people are considered as an end and State as the means in a democracy:4


Political Democracy:4

Objectives of the study:6

a) Broad objectives6
b) Specific objectives:6

Political Democracy in Bangladesh: An overview6

Bangladesh: a democracy in crisis8

Democracy vs. Corruption8
Security vs. economic progress9
Impunity vs. the rule of law10

Present features of Bangladesh Democracy:10

1) Lack of political morality:10
2) Absence of strong civil society10
3) Absence of strong political leadership:11
4) Confrontational politics11
5) Ineffective political institutions:11
6) Corruption and terrorism:11
7) Negativity/Double standard:11




Democracy by definition means the government by people.A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. That means that all the people should be able to have their say in one way another in everything that affects their lives.

Bangladesh is a developing country of South Asia that emerged in the globe through a 24-year long struggle for self rule and finally got independence in 1971 after a 9-month long bloody war.The quest for representative government has been an important feature of the history of Bangladesh. The independence struggle of the eastern Bengali peoples against the British, partition from India in 1947, and secession from Pakistan in 1971 set the stage for the people of Bangladesh to create a democratic political system. The Constitution, as it was initially promulgated in 1972, embodied the democratic yearnings of the long struggle for independence and guaranteed human rights and political freedoms within a system of checks and balances similar to those existing in the British and United States governments. But later events ended these hopes.Despite having a long history of struggle, the political development in post independent era did not entirely support the nation's democratic practice.

Democracy: Concept

Democracy is by far the most challenging form of government - both for politicians and for the people. The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the (simple) people". Democracy thus means power of the people. It is now regarded as a form of government in which the people rule themselves either directly or indirectly through their representatives.

Definition of democracy, as a form of government, are various, But like many other definitions in political science, they differ in their content and application

Democracy, according to the Greeks, is the Government in which people rule over themselves. Aristotle considered it as a perverted form of government. Herodotus says, the democracy denotes that form of government in which in the ruling power of the state is largely vested in the members of the community as a whole. In the words of President Abraham Lincoln, it is a government of the people, by the people and for the people.

According to Bryce, “Democracy is that form of government in which the ruling power of a state is legally vested, not in any particular class or classes but in the members of the community as a whole”. Prof. Seeley says, “Democracy is a government in which every body has a share.” According to Dicey, “Democracy is a form of government in which the governing body is a comparatively large function of the entire nation. One the other hand Gettell’s opinion, “Democracy is that form of government in which the mass of the population possesses...
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