"Bangladesh" is a combination of the Bengali words, Bangla and Desh, meaning the country or land where the Bangla language is spoken. The country formerly was known as East Pakistan. What is Culture:
o The set of shared attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution, organization or group. o The sum of attitudes, customs, and beliefs that distinguishes one group of people from another. o Culture has been taken as constituting the way of life of an entire society, including the codes of manners, language, rituals, norms of behavior, and systems of belief.
Geographical location of Bangladesh:
Bangladesh, a country in South Asia, bordering the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and India. It lies between latitudes 20° and 27°N, and longitudes 88° and 93°E. It is located in the delta of Padma (Ganges [Ganga]) and Jamuna (Brahmaputra) rivers in the northeastern part of the Indian subcontinent. Bangladesh has a total area of 144,000 sq km, of which 133,910 sq km consists of land and 10,090 sq km area on water.
History of the country:
The riverine country of Bangladesh (“Land of the Bengals”) is one of the most densely populated countries in the world, and its people are predominantly Muslim. As the eastern portion of the historical region of Bengal, the area once formed, along with what is now the Indian state of West Bengal, the province of Bengal in British India. With the partition of India in 1947, it became the Pakistani province of East Bengal (later renamed East Pakistan), one of five provinces of Pakistan, separated from the other four by 1,100 miles (1,800 km) of Indian territory. In 1971 it became the independent country of Bangladesh, with its capital at Dhaka.
Main culture of the country:
• Bangladesh is a hierarchical society.
• People are respected because of their age and position. • Older people are naturally viewed as wise and are granted respect. • Bangladeshis expect the most senior male, by age or position, to make decisions that are in the best interest of the group. This is also valid in businesses, the majority of which will be family owned/run.
• The majority of Bangladeshis are Muslim. However, most still very much mix this with pre-Islam folk traditions. • Bangladeshis identify with the folk traditions of Bengali culture. This includes belief in shamanism and the powers of fakirs (Muslim holy men who are exorcists and faith healers), ojhaa (shamins with magical healing powers), and Bauls (religious mendicants and wandering musicians). • There is a strong tradition of music, dance, and literature that includes classical devotions of Hindu and Muslim music. Festivals :
• Islam defines many of the festivals in Bangaldesh. These include two Eids (one after Ramadan and one after the Hajj) Shab-e-Qadr (the night of power), Milad un-Nabi (birth date of the Prophet Muhammad) and Shab-e-Barat (the night of the fortune). • Hindu influences festivals include Durga Puja and Kali Puja (community worshipping of Goddess Durga and Kali). • On the whole an entire community participates in each other's religious ceremonies.
Sub cultures of the country:
Bangladesh is ethnically homogeneous, with Bengalis comprising 98% of the population. The majority of Bangladeshis (about 90%) are Muslims, and a small number of Hindus, Christians and Buddhists are also in the country. But due to immense cultural diversity, multiple dialects, hybridization of social traits and norms as well as cultural upbringing, Bangladeshis can not be stereotyped very easily, except for the only fact that they are very resilient in nature. Cultural and social norms of the country:
The components of bangladeshi culture are discussed below:
• The primary language is Bangla, called Bengali by most nonnatives, an Indo-European language...