* Born: May 06, 1856 in Freiberg, Germany
* Died: September 23, 1939 in London, England
* Nationality: Austrian
* Occupation: Psychoanalyst
1856 - (May 6) Sigismund Freud was born
1873 - Freud began studying medicine at the University of Vienna. 1881 - Freud received his doctorate degree in medicine . 1886 - Began his own private practice.
1893 - Began formulating his seduction theory.
1896 - First used the term psychoanalysis
1900- Published The Interpretation of Dreams
1933 - Corresponded with Albert Einstein.
1939 - Freud died on September 23 of cancer in London.
Freud's psychoanalytic view of human nature is rather pessimistic. Driven by primitive urges, humans are little more than controlled savages seeking to satisfy sexual and aggressive pleasures. The internal conflicts between id, ego, and superego only serve to heighten the turmoil at the root of personality.
The work of Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), the Austrian founder of psychoanalysis, marked the beginning of a modern, dynamic psychology by providing the first systematic explanation of the inner mental forces determining human behaviour.
Motivations for growth, creativity, and fulfillment pepper Rogers' optimistic stance on human nature. With Freuds pessimistic and Rogers optimistic, Skinner is left somewhat neutral on human nature. True to his behaviorist approach, Skinner would have difficulty supporting notions of either internal turmoil or internal motives for fulfillment. Although Skinner acknowledged that genetic factors were important in determining which behaviors were emitted (and eventually reinforced), he saw environment as exerting a stronger effect of shaping behavior. Freud's psychosexual stages and their associated milestones and conflicts were key to his overall view of human nature. Personality, like most human qualities, developed slowly over time. Rogers agreed with this general notion of personality as changing and...