August 8, 2012
1. Theory: Psychoanalytical Theory
a. Key Concepts
i. There is a focus on unconscious psychodynamics.
ii. Individuals pay attention to repressed information. iii. In therapy, the therapist and client work to build the ego to moderate ID and superego. iv. The client works on establishing transference. He/she will tell the counselor what has caused the difficulties and the therapist and counselor work through it. v. The client and therapist explore the client’s past. vi. There is a focus on specific influences during the developmental years and how those influences influence his or her current behavior. b. Key Theorists
vii. Sigmund Freud was the founding father of the Psychoanalytical Theory. After working with patients suffering from mental illness, he believed childhood experiences and unconscious wants influence behaviors. viii. Many of Freud’s students helped expand his theory. A few of those students were Alfred Adler, Erik Erikson, Carl Jung, and Anna Freud (Cherry, 2012). c. Appropriate Populations for the Theory
ix. Those who would benefit from psychoanalysis are people who are generally satisfied with aspects of his or her life; however, these individuals suffer from distress due to anxiety, depression, isolation, and/or sexual difficulties. These individuals need help with self-awareness in order to achieve a more favorable life ("Psychoanalysis",n.d.). x. Children can also benefit from psychoanalysis. Therapy involves drawings and fantasy play. d. Inappropriate Populations for the Theory
xi. Individuals who are suicidal or homicidal are not candidates for psychoanalysis. Moreover, individuals with an increase in emotional distress are not candidates as well ("Psychoanalysis",n.d.). e. Therapist’s Role
xii. The role of the...