Sequence & Rate of Child Development from Birth to 19 Years

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CT230 1.1 Explain the sequence and Rate of each aspect of development from Birth to 19 years of age

Age Group| Physical Development| Communication Development| Intellectual & learning Development| Social Development| Emotional and Behavioural Development| Birth to 2 mths| * Usually born around 40 weeks gestation * Has swallowing and sucking reflex * Has rooting reflex * Has grasp reflex * Walking or standing reflex * Gaining about 5-7 ounces per week * Growth about 5cms by age 2 months| * Will move their arms and clench their fists if a sudden noise or bright light * Will cry when hungry or distressed * Will stop crying when they hear a familiar voice * Will develop different types of cry| * Will recognise the smell and sound of their mother’s voice * Can see things very close up * Can focus on objects around 25cms away| * Will coo when settled at about 5-6 weeks * | * Settled when in close contact with mother or primary carer * Needs around 16 hours of sleep per day, 8-15 feeds per day reducing to about 6 * Fleeting smiles when asleep| 3mths| * Grown in height and weight * Limbs are straightened out * Can focus * Can support their head for several seconds * Can hold a rattle but can’t look at it at the same time * Can rest their weight on their hands when on their tummy * Muscle tone improves * Starts drooling| * Hearing is improving and will move their head towards sounds * Sight follows adults and moves their heads in correct direction * Watches faces intently * Begins to babble * | * Clasps hands together Showing eagerness when they see a bottle, breast * Start to notice things like mobiles * Will use their hands more to grasp toys etc within reach * Will suck their fingers| * Makes noises when happy * Smile back when they see a smiling face * Enjoys play with adults * Enjoys hearing singing| * Has developed a feeding/sleeping pattern * Shows excitement at familiar sounds, e.g. water running for a bath * Enjoy bath time * Quietens to listen to familiar voices * Prefers sweet smells| 6 mths| * Sitting in a high chair * Rollover from back to front * ‘Parachuting’ – lying on their front & lifting arms and legs off the floor * Ready for solids * Teething * Has doubled birth weight| * Smiling and chuckling * Understanding a few words * Trying to vocalise * Turns towards sounds and voices * Blows bubbles * Can say things like ‘dada’| * Picking up objects and moving from one hand to the other * Putting objects to their mouths * Recognise colours * Reach out to grasp toy. Release and watch it fall| * Beginning to feed themselves * Recognising key people * Lifting arms to show they want to be held * May shy away from unfamiliar faces | * Sleeping through the night * Settling into a daily routine of play and sleep * Touching breast or bottle when feeding| Age Group| Physical Development| Communication Development| Intellectual & learning Development| Social Development| Emotional and Behavioural Development| 12 mths| * Might crawl upstairs * Sits up easily from lying down * Soft spot at the front of the head starts to harden * Can stand and deliberately lower rather than falling down * Walks with assistance * Crawls or bum shuffles * Manoeuvres around upright holding onto furniture| * Understands simple words like ‘teddy’, ‘toy’ * Can follow simple instructions * Babbles as if in conversation * May speak a few words together like ‘dada home’ * Points to things to draw an adult’s attention to them| * Throws toys on purpose * Can pick up things with ‘pincer’ grasp easily * Loves to make sounds by banging things together * Can put things into and take out of a container| * Develops separation anxiety * Play alongside other babies * Feeds self but messily * Will throw food on the...
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