Role of Military in Politics

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  • Topic: Pakistan, Benazir Bhutto, Pervez Musharraf
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  • Published : February 16, 2013
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The Role Of Military And Bureaucracy In Politics a Case Study Of 1988-99

Acceptance certificate

This is to certify that the thesis “the role of military and bureaucracy in politics from 1988-99” is an original research study carried out by Muhammad Kaleem s/o Muhammad Aleem, roll no 01 session 2008-10, in fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of m-Phil political science. I have supervised this research and found it as an excellent quality work.

Approval sheet

Title
The role of military and bureaucracy in politics from 1988-99 Researcher; Muhammad kaleem
Roll no-01 session 2008-10
The title of thesis cited above, is hereby accepted by department of political science &international relations, Bahauddin Zakeriya , university Multan, in fulfillment of the degree of m. Phil political science.

Supervisor
Prof Dr Ayaz Muhammad Rana

Written oath

This is solemnly swear that this research work is the out come of my own efforts and I have also believed in good faith that this work has not been approved for the fulfillment of any degree in any university of Pakistan. Researcher

Muhammad Kaleem
M. Phil political science
Roll no 01

Acknowledgements
All praise to almighty Allah the most merciful and beneficent. I feel indebted to my supervisor professor Dr Ayaz Muhammad Rana the chairman department of political science and international relations, Bahauddin Zakeriya university , Multan for his untiring efforts , inspirations, constant support, guidance and valuable suggestions for the fulfillment of such a hard research. I am extremely obliged to my well regarded teachers Fayyaz Ahmed Hussain Dr Shanaz Tariq, Dr Omer Farooq Zain,Yasir Sharif and Muqarab Akbar for their devoted and enormous concentration which helped me to complete this work in time. I offer profound thanks to my mother, brothers and sisters and other family members for their kind facilitation, support and prayers throughout the period of my research. A special and sincere thanks to my friends who have really helped me to finish this job, this includes Mohammad Naeem Mehboob,Yasir Ejaz and Muhammad Umer khan.

Muhammad Kaleem

Dedicated
With
Respect and love
To
My father (late)
For all my support and prayers

Contents
Introduction
Chapter1 military as a political actor
Chapter2 The role of civil bureaucracy in politics
Chapter3 Role of Political parties in damaging political set up Chapter4 The role of others institutions and civil society
Conclusion

Introduction…………………………………………………………………..................12 chapter 1
Military as political actor………………………………………………………………22 1.1 military as dominant institution………………………………………………….23 1.2 civil military relationship…………………………………………………………24 1.3 military in british India…..………………………………………………………..27 1.4 pattern of rule in Pakistan………………………..……………………………….28 1.4.1 Brief history of army role in politics till 1988………………………...28 1.4.2 Benazir Bhutto and army…………..…………………………………...35 1.4.3 Nawaz Sharif and army……………..…………………………………...39 1.5 political equation during 1988-99……………………………….…………………42 1.6 Why military intervene in politics…………….…………………..……………….43 1.6.1 Hassan Askari view……………………..…………………………………43 1.6.2 Ayesha Siddequa view……………………………………….…………...48 1.6.3 Stephen p Cohen view…….………………………………………………52 1.7 army role as a mediator……………………………………………………….…….53 1.8 army priorities………………………………………………………………………...54 1.9 Dilemma of army………………………………………………………………………54 Chapter 2

The role of civil bureaucracy in politics
2.1 definition of bureaucracy…………………………………………………………...60 2.2 bureaucratic form according to max weber…………………………………….…62 2.3 characteristics of the civilian bureaucracy in Pakistan………………………………..63 2.3.1 The secretariat system of pakistani bureaucracy…………………………..63 2.3.2 The system preference for generalists………………………………..…....65 2.3.3 Cadre system of organization……………………………..………………..66 2.3.4 a rigid and formal pattern of ranked...
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