EDU501001VA016-1128-001 Learning Theories (K-12)
Instructor: Kelly Walton
November 3, 2012
Describe a learning outcome and a radical behaviorist approach to achieving that outcome
“Learning outcomes are statements that specify what learners will know or be able to do as a result of a learning activity. Outcomes are usually expressed as knowledge, skills, or attitudes. Learning outcomes should flow from a needs assessment. The needs assessment should determine the gap between an existing condition and a desired condition. Learning outcomes are statements which described a desired condition – that is, the knowledge, skills, or attitudes needed to fulfill the need.” (ARCHIVED: Writing Learning Outcomes ) Upon completing this assignment, students will be able to provide accurate supplies/materials that tell the story of Genesis 6: 12- 20 through a Noah’s Ark ship building presentation. This learning outcome can be achieved through a radical behavior. “The behaviorist view in terms of teaching includes highly-structured lesson plans and is essentially teacher led. Learning comes in the form of operant and classical conditioning, which are both heavily weighted on praise, punishment and consequences. The first stage of any teaching is imitation, so the teacher is very much a role model and didacticism is sometimes applied.” (Psycho4Stats, 2012) In an effort to achieve the desired outcome, The teacher will first have students leisurely read Genesis 6: 12- 20 in the classroom as a class as selected times. The following day, students will be asked to participate in an answer/questions session, where each student must have 2 questions prepared for teacher and or fellow students to answer, the anticpated time for this should not exceed two class periods. The students will then be given a worksheet to take home and work on independently. The teacher will then give a “pop” quiz to test the student’s knowledge. This will be graded and will be returned to the students for their review. One major aspect of teaching this lesson would be that the students will watch a 2 hour movie/documentary on Genesis 6: 12- 20. The students will be given a notepad, highlighter, and pens/pencils to use to take notes on any information given that they feel will be beneficial to the Noah’s Ark presentationn but the student is not to have less than 20 facts from the movie. The teacher will make the objectives along with the rules very clear and easy to understand. Thete will be posted deadlines, assignements to be completed, and the possible points. There will also be a list of penalties for late submission as well as incomeplete assignemnts. As the teaching continues, students will ask questions be given directions and will be kept on task by a project syllabus. “In the context of learning, the Behaviourist model for learning is teacher-directed, pedagogic and concrete. It is all about “do as I say.” This involves the lower levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy. The more gifted learner who is at the top of the learning pyramid might not benefit from a Behaviourist-dominated lesson.” (Shirley, 2009) Most of the students will be able to adapt to this theory of learngin and perform at or above level throughout the duration of the lesson. Critique (explain what you would change and why) the radical behaviorist approach in light of cognitive information processing theory.
“Radical Behaviorism is similar to Cognitive Information Processing in that both theories separate learning from the will of the learner. Both assume an external locus of control. Radical Behaviorism attributes learning and change to environmental influence. Cognitive Information Processing agrees that all knowledge is acquired through sensory experience, which is directly affected by one’s environment.” (Comparative Organizer: Learning Theories...