Adult Learning Theories

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Theories of Learning

Fill in the following boxes by defining Elemental and Holistic Models of Development. Then you will describe 2 theories, including theorist (s) from each model of development. Finally you will list the important points derived from each model learning theory. Save this document and type directly onto the document and into the boxes. The boxes will expand to accommodate what you write. Submit as an attachment to the appropriate drop box.

Model| Definition of each Model Learning Theory| Theory and Theorist 1| Theory and Theorist 2| Important Points Derived (Be sure to number these theories and double space between them for easy reading).| Elemental Model Learning Theorys | Represents the universe as a machine composed of discrete pieces operating in a spatiotemporal field, reactive, and adaptive model of a man| Thorndike’s connectionism Thorndike 1898| Pavlov’s Classical ConditioningIvan Pavlov (1849-1986)| (1) law of effect - responses to a situation which are followed by a rewarding state of affairs will be strengthened and become habitual responses to that situation, (2) law of readiness - a series of responses can be chained together to satisfy some goal which will result in annoyance if blocked, (3) law of exercise - connections become strengthened with practice and weakened when practice is discontinued.| Holistic Model learning Theories| Represents the universe as a unitary, interactive, developing organism, active and adaptive model of a man| FunctionalismJohn Dewey (1896)| Paralleled BehaviorismGestalt| Two themes have been most prominent in the gestalt treatment of thinking: one concerns the occurrence of understanding or insight; the other, the occurrence of processes of discovery.|
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