June 16, 2011
Sigmund Freud, is said to be one of the greatest Psychologist of all times. Although he has a different outlook on understanding how people act is quite intriguing. In comparison and contrast the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, Jung, and Adler are very different and unique. However, Freud, Jung, and Adler are not at all alike. Freud based most psychological things on sexuality. Jung, promoted the concept of archetypes, and Adler believed in the “will power” theory Adler also believed that fundamentally, human beings are self-determined. Freud is big on self-consciousness; Jung said “the aim of life is to know oneself, and to know one is to plumb the depths of the inchoate seas of not only the personal unconscious but the collective unconscious as well.” Adler stated that “individual psychology based on the idea of the indivisibility of one’s personality.” The two characteristics that I agree with the most would be Psychoanalytic theory, and Learning theory. I choose Psychoanalytic because it’s natural and normal for people to have thoughts, feelings, and urges. Just like Freud said, at the same time we are only human and we cannot control what only comes naturally. However, we can help what we think and feel. Learning because our behavior changes according to our surroundings our behavior also changes according to our environment as well. Sometimes our behavior can also be brought along with us as we grow older, meaning behavior can be how one was treated as a child as well as how one is treated today. The characteristic that I do not agree with is Cognitive Development Theory. I disagree with the Cognitive Development Theory because I do not understand it nor do I think that people can be arrested in their own moral development and become delinquents. The stages of Freud’s theory are Oral, Anal, Phallic, and Genital stage. The Oral stage is used to describe infants and...