Power Generation Sector in India

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Energy Scenario in India-Power Generation


Rituraj (12EM10) Ajay Rawat (12EM02) Deepanker Sharan (12EM05)


1.Introduction to Power Sector3
a.Industry overview over last 2-3 decades3
b.Sector wise installed capacity in India and how the shares of each sector changed over the decades & Rates of growth6
c.Energy map of India since 1947 to 20129
d.Per-capita consumption (India Vs Global) over the decades & Rates of growth10
e.Power generation (India Vs Global) over the decades & Rates of growth11
f.Installed capacity, capacity utilization, requirement over the decades & Rates of growth13
g.Energy Efficiency over the decades & Rates of growth15
2.Current Scenario in India16
a.Government policies - Five year plans16
b.Provisions under Indian Electricity Act 2003, Tariff policy17
c.Energy Policy of India20
3.Challenges associated with Indian Power sector28
a.Problems of Indian Power sector28
b.Availability of energy resources28
4.Most competitive source of energy (Thermal Power)30
a.Resources of thermal power production30
b.Availability of Coal: within India & outside30
c.Supply and demand of coal at present and in future32
d.Comparison of Thermal Power with other energy sources33
5.Future Trends36
a.Alternative sources of power-wind, solar, CBM36
b.Energy Management40
6.Power Generation Industry Analysis: Porter’s Five Forces43

1. Introduction to Power Sector
The power sector in India has undergone significant progress after Independence. When India became independent in 1947, the country had a power generating capacity of 1,362 MW. Hydro power and coal based thermal power have been the main sources of generating electricity. Generation and distribution of electrical power was carried out primarily by private utility companies. Notable amongst them and still in existence is Calcutta Electric. Power was available only in a few urban centres; rural areas and villages did not have electricity. After 1947, all new power generation, transmission and distribution in the rural sector and the urban centers (which was not served by private utilities) came under the purview of State and Central government agencies. State Electricity Boards (SEBs) were formed in all the states. Nuclear power development is at slower pace, which was introduced, in late sixties. The concept of operating power systems on a regional basis crossing the political boundaries of states was introduced in the early sixties. In spite of the overall development that has taken place, the power supply industry has been under constant pressure to bridge the gap between supply and demand. Growth Scenario Indian Power Sector

Over the years (since 1950) the installed capacity of Power Plants (Utilities) has increased to 89090 MW (31.3.98) from meagre 1713 MW in 1950, registering a 52d fold increase in 48 years. Similarly, the electricity generation increased from about 5.1 billion units to 420 Billion units – 82 fold increase. The per capita consumption of electricity in the country also increased from 15 kWh in 1950 to about 338 kWh in 1997-98, which is about 23 times. In the field of Rural Electrification and pump set energisation, country has made a tremendous progress. About 85% of the villages have been electrified except far-flung areas in North Eastern states, where it is difficult to extend the grid supply. Regulatory bodies

The Government of India has promulgated Electricity Regulatory Commission Act, 1998 for setting up of Independent regulatory bodies both at the Central level and at the State level viz. The Central Electricity Regulatory Commission (CERC) and the State Electricity Regulatory Commissions (SERCs) at the Central and the State Levels respectively. These regulatory bodies would primarily look into all aspects of tariff...
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